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Julius Nyerere

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Julius Nyerere

  1. 1. The Rise of Julius Nyerere LaPorscha Baldwin Reshea Mackey
  2. 2. Before Nyerere’s Time <ul><li>Before WWI Tanzania was a colony of Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>After the end of WWI in the treaty of Versailles it grants Britain a League of Nations mandate to govern the former Germany’s property- which now acquires a new name, Tanganyika. </li></ul><ul><li>When Nyerere came back home in 1953 he immediately found a political group called TNUA (Tanganyika African National Union). </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania was working on independence while Nyerere became President of the Union, entered the Legislative Council in 1958 and became chief minister in 1960. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Before Nyerere’s Time Continued <ul><li>Nyerere’s integrity, organization, and his willing spirit to work with other groups help Tanzania to become independent and helped him to become president. </li></ul><ul><li>After a period of time Tanzania became independent in 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania needed a leader so Nyerere stepped up to the plate and he was already known and became president in 1962. </li></ul><ul><li>Before Julius Nyerere became president Tanzania had no government. Now Tanzania is Republican. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nyerere’s Time <ul><li>Nyerere was forced to choose between political career and/or a teaching career. </li></ul><ul><li>His standing in the political realm was only accidental. </li></ul><ul><li>He was introduced to a single-party state in 1965 and it was called “African Socialism” </li></ul><ul><li>He also ran the country on a utopian guide line also. </li></ul><ul><li>To solve problems in his country they used simple and traditions solutions other than relying on foreign solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>He put education and literacy first and it had progress. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Arusha Declaration <ul><li>The Arusha Declaration puts agriculture at the center of the national economy and introduces a program of 'villagization' - meaning the moving of peasant families into cooperative villages where they can supposedly work together more productively. </li></ul><ul><li>This announces the introduction of a socialist state and is accompanied by the nationalization of key elements in the economy. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Nyerere’s foreign policy stressed nonalignment in the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania kept neutrality with the West and East </li></ul><ul><li>Founded the OAU (Organization of African Unity in 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Supported militant groups active in African colonies </li></ul>
  7. 7. Foreign Policy Cont. <ul><li>Nyerere was one of the leaders of the Front Line States that campaigned in support of black majority rule in southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>He led Tanzania in war with Uganda, exiling the government of Idi Amin in 1978 </li></ul>
  8. 8. The End
  9. 9. Resources <ul><li>http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid =ad23 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-nye.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.answers.com/topic/julius-nyerere </li></ul><ul><li>://www.marxists.org/subject/africa/nyerere/1967/arusha-declaration.htm </li></ul>

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