CONTENT• Timeline• Causes of Mexican Revolution• Historical Figures• Effects of Mexican Revolution• Comparison with Russian Revolution
TIMELINE1884-Porfirio Diaz begins his second term as president1908-In an interview with American Journalist, Diaz announces that he will retire at the endof his term because Mexico is ready to hold free elections1910-Diaz runs for reelection but when Francisco Madero enters the race, he imprisonedMadero and again wins the election (not keeping the promise)-Madero escapes and decides to overthrow Diaz rule (Revolution starts)-Thousands of Mexicans flee the U.S.1911-Madero creates a provisional capital of Mexico in an adobe building-Having lost in Diaz resigns and flees to Paris, France-Madero wins election to the Mexican presidency-The U.S. sends crowds to the border, fearing that the revolution would cross over theborder
1913-People joins with Diaz in planning a coup against Madero-Carranza calls for a return to the values of Constitution of 18571914-Villa’s revolutionaries establish offices-Villa and Zapata break from Carranza and continue to challenge him-Carranza flees to Veracruz, where he negotiates the removal of U.S. troops1915-Carranza’s supporters defeat Villa at the Battle of Celaya; Zapata’s supporters aredefeated-The United States recognizes Carranza as Mexico’s president1917-A new Mexican Constitution is drafted and Carranza is elected president1920-New person,(Obregon) is elected president of Mexico
CAUSE OF THE REVOLUTION• During Diaz’s rule he took large amounts of land from the poor and gave it to the rich• Great difference between rich and poor• The dictatorship-like rule of Pofirio Diaz for over 30 years• Opponents who refused Diazs bribes were beaten up, murdered or arrested• Diaz ruled Mexico in his own way. _ didnt listen to the people in his country and didn’t keep the promise he had made• Exploitation and poor treatment of workers
PORFIRIO DIAZ • Main person of the Mexican Revolution • Mexican general, president, politician and dictator • Stayed in the army to fight against French then became aligned with liberal politician • Became Mexico’s leader and ruled for 35yrs (1876-1911) • Suppressed political rights • Eliminated all effective opposition to his reign • Mexican have achieve great progress of modernization, and the economy boomed - benefits were felt by very few, as millions of peons labored in slavery • Lost power after the election against Francisco Madero
FRANCISCO MADERO • Reformist politician and writer who served as president of Mexico(1911- 1913) • Opposition of Diaz • Was a lawyer and decided to run against Diaz in the 1910 elections • Diaz had Madero imprisoned and declared himself the winner of the elections • Deposed and executed in 1913 by people on Diaz’s side
PANCHO VILLA • One of the most famous revolutionaries • Had a hard time during childhood • Brought his bandit force with him and soon became one of the most powerful men in the north as the army increased _ “the Centaur of the North” • Raped and murdered lots of women, the cruelty in battle can be reflected here • Hard man to get respect from • Acted as a defender of Madero mainly because they held the same goals, including fighting for the poor
EMILIANO ZAPATA • Was a village leader, farmer and horseman who became an important leader in the Mexican Revolution • Was an important figure in Morelos • He had been elected mayor of Anenecuilco, tiny town where he was born in • Took things into his own hands, rounding up armed peasants and forcefully taking back the land in question
VENUSTIANO CARRANZA • Was a Mexican politician, warlord and general • Before the Mexican revolution he served as Mayor and as a congressman and senator • Mexico Revolution broke out, initially allied himself with Francisco Madero • Raised his own army after Madero was assassinated • Became the president (1910) • Assassinated (1920)
EFFECT OF THE REVOLUTION• The revolution was successful in getting rid of Porfirio Diaz• Since the revolution, no president governed for longer that 6 years in office• Many Mexican’s began immigrating to America• Mexican people finally developed and established a sense of identity and purpose.• Also established guidelines for future Mexican policies and Leaders.• Mexican have achieve great progress of modernization, and the economy developed by Diaz’s method of ruling
PHOTOGRAPHS Pancho Villa and the other revolutionariesAfter the revolution, manyMexicans began to immigrate toAmerica
People suffering from the frequentrevolutions Flee for refuge
COMPARISON WITHRUSSIA REVOLUTION Mexican revolution comparing to Russiarevolution, there was a dictator, who does not rules thecountry in a right way. Stalin was a dictator of Russia andPorfirio Diaz of Mexico. Both leaders did not keep thepromise they have made and rules the country for longtime, making the laws in self-centered way. Also bothrevolutions had people who kills the opponents, such assecret police in Stalinist Russia. By this, many peoplesuffered. Some fled to other places where they can be safebut some died out.
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