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  1. 1. Prominent Political Leaders of Early Mexican History
  2. 2. Guadalupe Victoria <ul><li>1824: After the overthrow of emperor Agust íne de Iturbide, Victoria established a constitutional monarchy Mexico and became its first president. </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements: Abolished slavery in and built Mexico as a political and military power during his term. </li></ul><ul><li>In power: 1825 - 1829 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Porfirio D íaz <ul><li>Asserted himself as president in 1876. </li></ul><ul><li>D íaz ruled a very repressive government and met any opposition with violence and political manipulation. </li></ul><ul><li>He created a politically and economically centralized government concentrating power to himself. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Francisco Madero <ul><li>Madero opposed D íaz’s dictatorship and ignited the revolution in 1911 by leading soldiers to fight against Díaz and his forces. </li></ul><ul><li>D íaz resigned in May 1911, Madero became president in November </li></ul><ul><li>He was executed in a coup lead by Victoriano Huerta and supporters of Díaz </li></ul>
  5. 5. Victoriano Huerta <ul><li>Huerta became a military general under D íaz. </li></ul><ul><li>After Díaz’s exile, Huerta worked alongside Madero </li></ul><ul><li>However, he was secretly planning his overthrow with U.S. ambassador Henry Lane Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Huerta had Madero imprisoned and executed in 1913 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Emiliano Zapata <ul><li>Prominent revolutionary who commanded the “Liberation Army of the South” </li></ul><ul><li>He joined Madero in his campaign against D íaz, but eventually criticized him for not acting on land reform. </li></ul><ul><li>He developed the “Plan de Ayala” with the slogan, “reform, freedom, justice and law” </li></ul>