Ho Chi Minh

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Ho Chi Minh

  1. 1. Ho Chi Minh By: Heather and Paige
  2. 2. Early Life <ul><li>Born in Vietnam in 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Father, Nguyen Sinh Huy, was a teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh name at birth was Nguyen Tat Thanh </li></ul><ul><li>Father sent him to a French school </li></ul><ul><li>After, studying in France, he became a school teacher </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cont. <ul><li>Then Ho decided to a sailor and travel around the world exploring other cultures </li></ul><ul><li>In 1917, settled in Paris and became fascinated with Karl Marx and communism </li></ul><ul><li>December, 1920 he helped in organizing French Communist Party </li></ul>
  4. 4. French Communist Party <ul><li>Inspired by Russian Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>In 1924, Ho visited Moscow and wrote to a friend that it was all communist duty to return to his home country. </li></ul>
  5. 5. China <ul><li>Ho decided to go live in China on the border of Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>He organized a revolutionary movement among those exiled from Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>He was forced to leave China. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1930, returned to China and founded Indochinese Communist Party (ICP). </li></ul><ul><li>In 1931, Ho was arrested by British and set to prison. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cont. <ul><li>Returned to China in 1938 and served as an advisor. </li></ul><ul><li>Ho regained contact with ICP leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>He organized a movement, which called itself Vietminh. </li></ul><ul><li>Ho then organized the Vietminh to fight Japanese. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Japanese <ul><li>In 1941, the Vietminh saw a chance to take down Japanese. </li></ul><ul><li>General Vo Nguyen Giap was the military leader. </li></ul><ul><li>August 1945 Japanese surrendered. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) <ul><li>Vietminh proclaimed the country as DR </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh was elected president </li></ul><ul><li>In late 1946 war broke out with France. </li></ul><ul><li>Fought for eight years and negotiated at Geneva </li></ul>
  9. 9. After War <ul><li>Ho still leader of DRV was now focused o building his communist government. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1960’s conflict with the south resumed. </li></ul><ul><li>Vietminh Guerrillas faught against US forces. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Later Years <ul><li>In later years Ho Chi Minh was a ceremonial figure. </li></ul><ul><li>On September 3, 1969 he died of heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>In honor of Ho in 1975 Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City </li></ul>
  11. 13. The End http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/ho-chi-minh/biography.htm

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