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Indus river valley lesson ppt


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Indus river valley lesson ppt

  1. 1. Aim: How Have Archaeologists learned about the Indus Valley Civilization? Do Now: Study the map of India, then answer the three questions on your handout.
  2. 3. India: Geography <ul><li>India is a subcontinent because it is cut off from the rest of the Asian Continent. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indus Valley Civilization developed along the Indus and Ganges rivers. </li></ul><ul><li>To the north lies the tallest mountains in the world – the Himalayas . To the Northwest lies another mountain chain called the Hindu Kush. Both acted as a natural barrier to invasion and kept India isolated from its neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>People of India, both then and now, relied on the monsoons, or seasonal winds to bring rain to water crops. </li></ul>
  3. 4. The Monsoons
  4. 5. Indus Valley Civilization <ul><li>Two major cities developed along the Indus River: Mohenjo Daro and Harappa </li></ul><ul><li>Both were very well-planned cities, each city laid out in a grid pattern </li></ul>Manhattan uses a grid system! Very well planned! Madrid does not use a grid system! Its messy!
  5. 6. Mohenjo-Daro Map True or False: Mohenjo-Daro had a sophisticated water and sewage system. Film Clip
  6. 7. Ruins at Harappa and Mohenjo Daro
  7. 8. Aerial View of Mohenjo-Daro
  8. 9. The Great Bath, Mohenjo-Daro
  9. 10. Well, Mohenjo-Daro
  10. 11. Granary, Mohenjo-Daro
  11. 12. pottery, Mohenjo-Daro
  12. 13. Bison Seal, Mohenjo-Daro
  13. 14. A Horned-God Seal, Mohenjo-Daro
  14. 15. A Male Head, Mohenjo-Daro Dravidian
  15. 16. A Priest-King, Mohenjo-Daro
  16. 17. Necklace, Mohenjo-Daro
  17. 18. Female Figures, Harappa
  18. 19. Bull Figurine, Harappa
  19. 20. Elephant Figurine, Harappa
  20. 21. Burial Pottery, Harappa
  21. 22. Male Skeleton, Harappa
  22. 23. Female Skeleton with Child, Harappa
  23. 24. Harappan Writing Undecipherable to date.
  24. 25. The Vedic Age (1500 BCE - 500 BCE)
  25. 26. Aryan Migration <ul><li>pastoral  depended on their cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>warriors  horse-drawn chariots. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Sanskrit writing
  27. 28. The Vedas <ul><li>1200 BCE-600 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>written in SANSKRIT. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu core of beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hymns and poems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>religious prayers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>magical spells. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lists of the gods and goddesses. </li></ul></ul>Rig Veda  oldest work. Film Clip
  28. 29. Varna (Social Hierarchy) Shudras Vaishyas Kshatriyas Pariahs [ Harijan ]  Untouchables Brahmins Shudras Vaishyas Kshatriyas Pariahs [ Harijan ]  Untouchables Brahmins
  29. 30. The Caste System <ul><li>The mouth? </li></ul><ul><li>The arms? </li></ul><ul><li>The legs? </li></ul><ul><li>The feet? </li></ul>WHO IS… What is a JATI ? Brahmins Kshatriyas Vaishyas Shudras
  30. 31. The Vedic Age The foundations for Hinduism were established!