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Technology and Community


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Plenary session at BrazTESOL 2010 (; July, 2010

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Technology and Community

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>Man - the compulsive communicator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(David Attenborough) </li></ul>
  2. 5. REACHING OUT: using technology to create community Braz -TESOL Sao Paulo, July 20th, 2010
  3. 6. WHY DOES THIS SUBJECT MATTER? <ul><li>There are benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For your own professional development as a teacher/educator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For your students </li></ul></ul>
  4. 7. INTERNET = NETWORK The task is to shape part of it into your own community .
  5. 8. INTERNET = NETWORK The task is to shape part of it into your own community .
  6. 9. Community? <ul><li>What are the essentials of COMMUNITY? (thoughts from audience) </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul><ul><li>Connection </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Safety net </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Common interest </li></ul><ul><li>Red wine! </li></ul>
  7. 10. “ It ain’t community.” <ul><li>Shane Hipps on YouTube </li></ul>
  8. 11. Community or Network? <ul><li>I believe what happens online is connection —not community . </li></ul><ul><li>… at times online connections can be more life-giving than many of our offline relationships, but they are not the same. </li></ul><ul><li>  Online connections are good. They can be deep and good for our souls. But when we turn them into an online community, they can, and do, impact our face-to-face interactions. When we spend more time staring at a glowing monitor than we do into the eyes of those we love, it might be time to shut off the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>(Anne Jackson http:// blog . christianitytoday .com/ outofur /archives/2009/02/the_social_ netw .html ) </li></ul>
  9. 12. Community or Network? <ul><li>COMMENTS IN REPLY TO ANNE JACKSON: </li></ul><ul><li>… there are many disconnected people out there who have no particular community that would be enhanced by their going offline. For them, for right now, the connection is their community . </li></ul><ul><li>Let's not cheapen any act of intentional, good-willed human-to-human outreach as something less than an expression of authentic community. I doubt Paul wrote his (virtual) letters with anything less than a profound sense of community in his mind and heart. Communication builds community. </li></ul><ul><li>I'm surprised at the number of people framing this conversation in stark binary thinking. Physical = community. Virtual = something else . In reality, any definition of &quot;community&quot; must embody nuance and color and deeply shared imagination. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Community or Network? DOES COMMUNITY HAVE TO BE FACE TO FACE?
  11. 14. Community v Network Group A (Community) Group B (Network) Domain (professional focus) PLUS Personal (support, encouragement, friendship ) Domain (professional focus) is the subject of all activity and communication
  12. 15. Internet and Community- what happens? <ul><li>You connect less with some of the people around you in your daily life </li></ul><ul><li>You connect more with people who share similar interests – whether they be local or global </li></ul><ul><li>You connect with people you would otherwise have had no contact with </li></ul>
  13. 16. Online Community – what’s the appeal? <ul><li>You connect less with some of the people around you in your daily life! </li></ul><ul><li>You connect more with people who share similar interests – whether they be local or global </li></ul><ul><li>You connect with people you already know via a different medium (online). (You get to know people differently) </li></ul><ul><li>You connect with people you would otherwise have had no contact with </li></ul>
  14. 17. Online Community – what’s the appeal? <ul><li>You can connect with multiple people with similar interests at the same time (many to many communication.) (Group discussion) </li></ul><ul><li>Some simply prefer communicating online </li></ul>
  15. 18. Purpose of Community in the Context of Education? <ul><li>Enhanced professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Connects remote learners in distance education classes </li></ul><ul><li>Can establish a stronger sense of togetherness with f2f learners </li></ul><ul><li>Models a way of learning for the 21 st century - lifelong learning; networked learning </li></ul>
  16. 19. Learning in the 21 st Century <ul><li>“ You’re going to need a gang!” (Mike Seyfang) </li></ul>..that can assist educators and learners filter, make sense of, and manage the incessant flow of information” (Siemens and Tittenberger )
  17. 20. One of My Gangs - the Webheads <ul><li>“ an experiment in world friendship through online language learning” </li></ul>Several hundred members
  18. 21. Webhead Origins - The Palace
  19. 22. Where do Webheads fit? Face to face Community IT Community IT Individuals + WEBHEADS = + IT Community
  20. 23. What comes first – technology or community? <ul><ul><li>The spirit of sharing and support is so interconnected in this community that it's difficult to tell which is the cause and which is the effect. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Nancy White: Digital Habitats) </li></ul>
  21. 24. Where are the Webheads? in approximately 50 countries
  22. 25. Webheads Today <ul><li>In 2010, the Webheads community is alive and well (weekly meeting, daily communication, many gather each year at the international TESOL convention in March, several met for the first time in Argentina just last week….) </li></ul>
  23. 27. How/why has this community survived? HUMAN FACTORS TECHNOLOGY FACTORS
  24. 28. How/why has this community survived? <ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly online meeting (Tapped In) </li></ul><ul><li>Daily discussion (email list) </li></ul><ul><li>Regular events/projects </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is documented and shared </li></ul><ul><li>Face to face meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Shared (and rotating) leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Annual intake of new members </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit of support </li></ul>
  25. 29. How/why has this community survived?
  26. 30. Which tools for what task? <ul><li>Home Base (portal) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative Workspaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artefact Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event Promotion </li></ul></ul>
  27. 31. What would my community look like?
  28. 32. The Communication Channels <ul><li>Several modes of communication (email, discussion boards, Instant Messaging, blogs, wikis, voice tools, webcams, virtual classrooms, websites, virtual worlds (Second Life), micro-messaging (Twitter) </li></ul><ul><li>THE EMAIL LIST IS STILL THE LIFEBLOOD </li></ul>
  29. 33. Synchronous Meetings <ul><li>Tapped In : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekly regular event (Tapped In) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other meetings might variously use: Instant Messengers, Virtual Classrooms > voice interaction; webcams, etc </li></ul></ul>
  30. 34. Virtual Classrooms (Web Conferencing) <ul><li>Big Bucks </li></ul><ul><li>Elluminate (free 3 person vroom @ http:// elluminate .com/vroom/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Very affordable: </li></ul><ul><li>iVocalize ( http:// ivocalize .com/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Discover-e (Australian) http://www. compued discovere / </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Wiziq – new, but seems good http://www. wiziq .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>DimDim – can be integrated with Moodle </li></ul>
  31. 35. Virtual Classrooms (Web Conferencing)
  32. 36. The Role of Voice <ul><li>Provides sense of immediacy, and </li></ul><ul><li>More personal contact </li></ul><ul><li>SYNCHRONOUS TOOLS: </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo Messenger, Skype, Virtual Classrooms, Second Life </li></ul>Image courtesy of mosmanlibrary
  33. 37. Free Tools for (asynchronous) Spoken Conversations <ul><li>Voxopop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>example (advanced EFL listening) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vaestro </li></ul><ul><li>VoiceThread </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Webheads anniversary </li></ul></ul>
  34. 38. WEBHEADS WEBSITE(S) – the Artefacts <ul><li>Collective and individual spaces (pages, blogs, wikis) </li></ul><ul><li>Photos (people, colleges, places of work, family) </li></ul><ul><li>Writings on individual pages, blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Resources created by the community </li></ul><ul><li>All of this can be shared via the Web </li></ul>
  35. 39. Which tools for your community? http://www. flickr .com/photos/ infomatique /1387269271/ Licensed under Creative Commons CHOICE is affected by CONTEXT
  36. 40. Other possible complementary tools: <ul><li>Twitter/ Yammer </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregators: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Live Polling ( Poll Everywhere ) </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Tools (Zoomerang, Survey Monkey) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Phones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>audio/picture blogging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net to SMS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maps: Frappr, Google, Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Posterous </li></ul>
  37. 41. Responses to Live Poll ( Poll Everywhere ): on Technology and Community: <ul><li>the y generation don’t see a difference between the online and offline communities. They go home from school to My space. </li></ul><ul><li>One person can be connected with many communities. Online places can strengthen your existing connections. Find like-minded souls wherever you can. </li></ul><ul><li>each technology has social & political direction built in. accepting technology without critical evaluation is unscientific & dangerous it works well if combined with f 2 f. emotions are complicated and not clear on line </li></ul><ul><li>Religious communities begin with someone they can't see...can't hear...and can't touch. Maybe God needs a Facebook profile </li></ul><ul><li>Good in its place, but what's its place? </li></ul><ul><li>can be a way to continue a face to face community which you have physically left behind </li></ul>
  38. 42. Responses from my Twitter Network <ul><li>In response to the question , “Do you think you can create community with technology?” people replied: </li></ul><ul><li>JoHart : @ mikecogh # accessace absolutely isn't that we are doing right here in Twitter? </li></ul><ul><li>marudelcampo : @ mikecogh # accessace Of course you can create communities using technology. Twitter, Ning and YH Groups are some examples. All the best Mike </li></ul><ul><li>DishMopTop : # accessace I rely on Web 2 for my community as work in solitude. Takes some time to build it up though </li></ul>
  39. 43. Responses from my Twitter Network <ul><li>leogaggl : @ mikecogh # accessace without tech they would probably never meet - so in the words of Barack 'YES WE CAN' :P </li></ul><ul><li>leogaggl : @ mikecogh seems to be lots of 'communities ' starting IRL due to twitter - tweet-meets such as @SATUB # accessace </li></ul><ul><li>StonyRiver : # accessace - For Sure - in both Quality and Quantity - With technology we may have One Human Race </li></ul><ul><li>rhysatwork : @ mikecogh of course you CAN create it. But can also use tech to aid in improving community. now using Ning 4 Kindy committee :) # accessace </li></ul>
  40. 44. Flickr Maps
  41. 45. Survey Tools Eg Zoomerang Survey Monkey More at michaelc / mfo /zoom/results. htm
  42. 46. Community Home(s) <ul><li>Own Moodle ($1000/yr approx) – esp good for class groups </li></ul><ul><li>Google or Yahoo Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook,, ELGG </li></ul><ul><li>Protopage (eg http://www. protopage .com/elearning07 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul>
  44. 48. Second Life Image courtesy of Jo Kay
  45. 49. Cornerstones: Technology - <ul><li>Enables regular group and one on one communications </li></ul><ul><li>Brings together people who otherwise may be unknown to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Affords multiple channels of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for individual and collective needs </li></ul><ul><li>Provides shared public and permanent record for all to see </li></ul><ul><li>Allows everyone to contribute to this shared record </li></ul>
  46. 50. The Internet is…. “ not about dot coms, online malls…. It’s not about routers, servers, browsers.…In fact, the Internet isn’t even about technology. It’s about us. The collective us.” COMMONSPACE: Beyond Virtual Community: Surman & Wershler-Henry; 2001
  47. 51. “ The Read/Write Web” (Tim Berners Lee) Original photo by Hummanna
  48. 52. TESTIMONIAL <ul><li>On Saturday May 15, 2010 I got my PhD! I've been very lucky to be part of this intellectual community, whose members are teachers, educator, fantastic scholars, extraordinary professors and amazing human beings. It would be impossible to overstate the impact you all had, and still having, on my life. The lessons I learned from you are many and profound lessons you imparted by quietly setting an example to me. It's a community &quot;by the all to the all&quot;. (Authentic translation). What I've learned from every one of you is to stand up to challenges. As Vance wrote to me once, &quot;keep your dreams strong'. I did, and I will always do. You all will always be a source of intellectual inspiration. Thanks again for all have given me. Hala Fawzi, PhD (that sounds nice ;-) </li></ul>
  49. 53. THE BIG QUESTIONS…… Can you build relationships... …online? Can you build social capital …online? Can we develop community … …online? YES WE CAN!!
  50. 54. Webheads Theme Song Audio at http:// webheadstheme . wikispaces .com/ CHORUS Webheads – all over the world Webheads – we’re all over the world 24/7 – we’re online It doesn’t really matter – whatever the time Someone’s there to answer the CALL CHORUS You want to know how to do it right Or maybe you’re lonely in the middle of the night Someone’s there to answer your CALL CHORUS You want to join your class up across the world Or you want an expert to talk to them live Someone will answer your CALL CHORUS You’re going on a journey to a foreign land Want to meet a friend there to show you around There’ll be someone there to answer your CALL CHORUS Learning together – sharing our views Living together – sharing our news Always someone there – on the same wavelength CHORUS
  51. 55. THANK YOU  [email_address] http:// protopage .com/ michaelc