HISTORY OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGYICT Applied to EnglishTeachingAssingment N° 1Student: Daniela MorroneTeacher: Paula LedesmaYear: 2013
What is EducationTechnology? Refers to the instructional use of computers, television, and other kinds of electronic hardware and software in educational settings. Technology is neutral; there is nothing inherent about the media that assures learning: a poorly designed computer program is unlikely to advance learning. Integration of technology as a tool to advance learning in the content areas adds to the effectiveness of other resources and teacher created activities.
History of ICT - Impact on education technology Mechanical age (1450- 1840) The Pascaline – Charles Babbage. First mechanical adding machine. 1822 - The difference engine. It calculated logarithms automatically. 1830 – The analytic engine. It could carry out different types of calculations. Ada Lovelace: First computer programmer.Impact on education technology1780 – Early public schools adopt the teacher/ manager model.Transfer of learning theories.Instructional media used for presentation of content.
History of ICT - Impact on education technology Electromechanical age (1840 – 1940) Knowledge and information converted into electrical impulses. 1905 – School museums managed instructional media. 1910 – Silent films. George Kleine – produced for instructional use.Disadvantages:Teachers used them sparingly: lack of skill in using equipment, inaccessibility, high cost, time consuming.Impact on education technologyVisual education: three- dimensional objects, photographs, silent films.
History of ICT - Impact on education technology Electromechanical age: 1894 – first radio developed. Gugliermo Malconi. 1920 – commercial and educational stations. Peak activity between 1925 and 1935.Disadvantages: poor audio reception and cost of equipment; method abandoned when TV became available. 1950s – Instrutional Television. MPATI – employed airplanes to transmit televised lessons.Impact on education technologyAudiovisual Education
History of ICT - Impact oneducation technologyElectronic age (1940 – Present)Computers: 1st Generation (1951 – 2nd Generation (1959 – 1958) 1963)• Vacuum tubes to do its • Diodes replaced by calculations. transistors- minute• Punch cards to input electronic devices and externally store • Magnetic tape to input. data. • Magnetic cores for• Rotating magnetic storage. drums for storage. • High- level• Required a compiler. progrmming languages created: FORTRAN and COBOL
History of ICT - Impact on education technology Electronic age (1940 – Present) Computers: 1942 – Mark 1 – First large-scale automatic impact computer. ENIAC – developed by Mauchly and Eckert for the American army.Impact on education technologyComputers still not widely accepted in schools.Computer- based training (CBT) – interaction betweenthe student and computer. Drills plus tutorials or micro worlds and simulations.
Electromechanical age 3rd Generation (1964 - 19799 4th Generation (1979 - Present)• Integrated circuits • CPUs (Central processing units• Magnetic tape and disks to which contained memory, logic, input. and control units on a single• Metal oxide semiconductors for chip. storage. • 1981 – IBM PC• Advanced programming • 1983 – IBM clones proliferate. language.: BASIC – for the • 1984 – Apple II Mac. Computer- Universities to train based tutorials and learning programmers. games are developed by• 1965 – mainframes and commercial manufacturers. microcomputers are put into Personal computer finds place in some schools – used widespread acceptance in mainly for administrative Education. PCs better fit the purposes. teacher /manager instructional model.
The Internet 1970 – ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet goes online. Engelbart invents the mouse, hypertext, groupware, hypermedia, multiple window screens and electronic mail systems. 1990 – Multimedia PCs. Schools are using videodiscs, object-oriented authoring tools, simulations, educational databases and CAI programs delivered on CD-ROM disks. 1995 – The Internet catches on. 1997 – 2007 – The Internet grows and becomes the world’s largest database of information, graphics and streaming video making it an invaluable resource for educators.Impact on education technologyConstructivism: computer-based programs that promote higher-level thinking and encourage collaborative learning.
Sources: Educational technology timeline. Created by the CI 335/ CS 317 students at the University of Illinois, 1999. http://cter.ed.uiuc.edu/cter2/ci335/timeline.html History, the History of Computers, and the History of Computers in Education. http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html Baldwin, R. (n. d. ) School Technology in Education. http://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology -in-education Educational technology in Wikipedia. http://en .wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology Sammy C (2007) History of Educational Technology. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/426986/History-of-Educational- Technology History Of Information Technology. http://openbookproject.net/courses/intro2ict/history/history.html A History of Information Technology and Systems. http://www.tcf.ua.edu/AZ/ITHistoryOutline.htm