ICT Applied to English Teaching Assignment # 1 HISTORY OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGYBy Cecilia. L. Manrique
What is Education Technology? EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY is the study and ethical practiceof facilitating learning and improving performance by creating,using and managing appropriate technological processes andresources. The term refers to the instructional use of computers,television, and other kinds of electronic hardware and software.Specialists in educational prefer the term instructionaltechnology which is a complex, integrated process involvingpeople, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization foranalyzing problems, and devising, implementing evaluating, andmanaging solutions to these problems, in situations in whichlearning is purposive and controlled
Why is Education Technology important? Easy-to-access course materials . Instructors can post the course material or important information on a course website, which means students can study at a time and location they prefer and can obtain the study material very quickly. Student motivation. Computer-based instruction can give instant feedback to students and explain correct answers. Moreover, a computer is patient and non-judgmental, which can give the student motivation to continue learning. Wide participation. Learning material can be used for long distance learning and are accessible to a wider audience. Improved student writing . It is convenient for students to edit their written work on word processors, which can, in turn, improve the quality of their writing. Subjects made easier to learn . Many different types of educational software are designed and developed to help children or teenagers to learn specific subjects. Examples include pre-school software, computer simulators, and graphics software Differentiated Instruction. Many students have different types of learning styles and using different types of technology is a great way to help all kinds of learners. Using computers or other forms of technology can give students practice on core content and skills while the teacher can work with others, conduct assessments, or perform other tasks. Using online resources can help students spend more time on specific aspects of what they may be learning in school, but at home.
History of Educational TechnologyThe history of educational technology is marked by the increasing complexity andsophistication of devices, exaggerated claims of effectiveness by technology advocates andsporadic implementation by classroom teachers.
1890 – CHALKBOARD Perhaps the most durable instrument ofeducation, it would remain a standard tool from the 1900 – PENCIL area of the one-room schoolhouse to the computer In the 19th century, mass- age produced paper and pencils became more available, gradually replacing the shcool slate1900 – TEXTBOOKCompulsorio education and thesubsequent growth of schooling inEurope led to the printing of manystandardized texts for children.Textbooks have become the primaryteaching instrument for most childrensince the 19th century.
Visual education or visual instruction Many of the media available to teachers, such as three-dimensional objects, photographs, and silent films, depended upon sight. 1905 - STEREOTYPE 1930 – OVERHEAD PROJECTOR Marketed by the Keystone First used by the U.S. military to View Company, the train forces in WWII, the overhead stereoscope was a three- projector eventually made its way dimensional viewing device to schools. that was used in schools to view hundreds of educational images.
Audiovisual Education or Audiovisual Instruction Later, when sound was added to film and audio recordings became popular, audiovisual devices were used to represent the variety of media employed to supplement instruction.1925 – FILM SCRIPT PROJECTOR 1950 – LANGUAGE-LAB HEADSETThe cousin of the motion-picture Inspired by theories that studentsprojector. Thomas Edison once sad learned languages best throughthat projected images would make drills and repetition, schools beganbooks soon obsolete in schools. Not to install cubicle farms withthe best prediction. headsets and audiotapes
1925 – RADIONew York Citys Board of Education was the first to broadcastlessons to schools through a radio station. Over the next twodecades, millions of American students would listed to schools ofthe air. Haaren High School in New York City is credited with beingthe first to teach classes by radio, broadcasting accounting classesin 1923. Nevertheless, radio did not have the impact on schools itsadvocates had hoped. In the beginning, poor audio reception andthe cost of equipment were cited as obstacles to use. When theseproblems were overcome in later years, the lack of fit between thebroadcasts and teachers instructional agendas became moreimportant factors. 1958 – EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION By the early 60s, there were more than 50 channels that included some kind of educational programming in the United States. Instructional television was the focus of attention during the 1950s and the 1960s. By the 1970s much of the enthusiasm for instructional television had been exhausted. Instructional television appeared to prosper only where there was substantial public, corporate, or commercial support. Schools found it difficult to meet the substantial costs incurred for program development and the purchase and maintenance of equipment. Moreover, despite repeated efforts, it proved nearly impossible to broadcast instruction when individual teachers needed it.
Computer Age The next technology to capture the interest of educators was the computer. It was not until the 1980s, and the appearance of microcomputers, that many educators and public officials became enthusiastic about computers. By January 1983, computers were being used for instructional purposes in 40 percent of all elementary schools and 75 percent of all secondary schools in the United States. In most cases, students had only limited access to computers, often in a computer laboratory and only for an hour or so a week. By the year 2000 the National Center for Educational Statistics reported that there was, in fact, an average of one computer for1980 – PLATO COMPUTER every five students, with 97 percent of schools having Internet connections. 1997 – 2007 The growth of the internet expands far faster than most predicted. It soon becomes the worlds largest database of information, graphics, and streaming video making it an invaluable resource for educators. Search engines such as Google and Yahoo constantly develop new ways to find information within the ever-growing number of web pages. 1995 – INTERNET
Technologies currently used in traditional classroomsComputers Having a computer in the classroom is an asset to anyteacher. With a computer in the classroom, teachers are able todemonstrate a new lesson, present new material, illustrate how touse new programs, and show new websites. Class website An easy way to display your students work is to create a web page designed for your class. Once a web page is designed, teachers can post homework assignments, student work, famous quotes, trivia games, and so much more.Class blogs and wikis: Blogs allow for students to maintain arunning dialogue, such as a journal, thoughts, ideas, andassignments that also provide for student comment and reflection.Blogging is something that students do for fun sometimes, so whenthey are assigned an assignment to do a blog they are eager to do it!Wikis are more group focused to allow multiple members of the groupto edit a single document and create a truly collaborative andcarefully edited finished product.
Wireless classroom microphones Noisy classrooms are a daily occurrence, and with the help of microphones, students are able to hear their teachers more clearly. Children learn better and teachers no longer lose their voices at the end of the day.Interactive Whiteboards An interactive whiteboard thatprovides touch control of computer applications. These enhancethe experience in the classroom by showing anything that can beon a computer screen. This not only aids in visual learning, but it isinteractive so the students can draw, write, or manipulate imageson the interactive whiteboard. XO Laptop A very portable and durable laptop. The creators of the XO Laptop believe in fulfilling the mission of "one laptop per child" by selling their product in developing countries for less than 200 dollars each.