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The history of educational technology 2003 final


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The history of educational technology 2003 final

  1. 1. The history of Educational Technology Benedetti Ludmila Nappi Daiana
  2. 2. <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Internet applications </li></ul><ul><li>Activities. </li></ul><ul><li>The study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes, but is not limited to: </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Educational Technology <ul><li>The first ones to manage instructional media were school museums. </li></ul><ul><li>Their purpose was to collect and loan: </li></ul><ul><li>portable museum exhibits </li></ul><ul><li>films </li></ul><ul><li>photographs </li></ul><ul><li>charts </li></ul><ul><li>stereographic slides, etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Some of the reasons : </li></ul>First decade of XX century: silent films for instructional use. They never reached the level of influence in schools that had been predicted. <ul><li>Teachers' lack of skill in using equipment and film </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of films, equipment, and upkeep </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccessibility of equipment when it was needed </li></ul><ul><li>The time involved in finding the right film for each class </li></ul>Films
  5. 5. Radio <ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial stations </li></ul><ul><li>Departments of education </li></ul><ul><li>1920 : commercial and educational stations </li></ul><ul><li>Soon, radio programming provided by: </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts to promote radio instruction in schools were abandoned when television became available. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Television <ul><li>1950s and the 1960s: Instructional television was the focus of attention. Because: </li></ul><ul><li>There were 242 television channels for educational purposes </li></ul><ul><li>The Ford Foundation’s investment (more than $170 million) in educational television. </li></ul>-> rapid development of educational television stations -> Aim: To provide instructional programs to school system in their viewing area. <ul><li>1970s: much of the enthusiasm: exhausted </li></ul>
  7. 7. Computers <ul><li>The earliest work (1950 and 1960) had little impact on schools </li></ul><ul><li>1980s -> microcomputers </li></ul> -> Educators and public officials became enthusiastic <ul><li>1983 -> 40% of elementary schools and 75% of secondary schools (US) </li></ul><ul><li>However -> </li></ul> Students had only limited access to computers
  8. 8. Technologies used in traditional classrooms <ul><li>Computer in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Class website </li></ul><ul><li>Class blogs and wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless classroom microphones </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile devices </li></ul><ul><li>SmartBoards </li></ul><ul><li>Online media </li></ul><ul><li>Digital games </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Benefits <ul><li>Easy-to-access course materials </li></ul><ul><li>Student motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Wide participation </li></ul><ul><li>Improved student writing </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects made easier to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated instruction </li></ul>
  10. 10. Drawbacks <ul><li>Lack of proper training </li></ul><ul><li>Limited access to sufficient quantities of a technology </li></ul><ul><li>Extra time required </li></ul> -> Tecnhology is the means, not the goal -> Teachers also need an alternative lesson
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>(Revised on April, 19 th , 2011), “Educational technology” [online]. Retrieved on April, 19th, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ School Technology in Education” [online]. Retrieved on April, 12 th , 2011 </li></ul>