Adverbial conjuctions

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Adverbial conjuctions

  1. 1. So-that too-to enough-to Such a-that such-that
  2. 2. These three adverbial conjunction so-that, too-to, and enough-to can be used with adjectives oradverbs. His speech was so interesting that one of the audience left early. He spoke so interestingly that none of the audience left early.
  3. 3. In the first sentence in the exampleabove, her speech was so interestingthat none of the audience left early, theconjunction pair so-that is used with anadjective, interesting.In the second sentence, She spoke sointerestingly that none of the audienceleft early, the conjunction is used withan adverb, interestingly.
  4. 4. Beware that this conjunction pair brings in an oppositemeaning. In the sentence Her speech was too interestingto miss, the speaker means that one does NOT miss thespeech because it is very interesting. How do you say it in Bahasa Indonesia? His speech was interesting enough to attract the audience’s attention. He spoke loudly enough to be heard from the back.
  5. 5. His speech was too interesting to miss. Too + adjectiveHis speech was interesting enough to attract the audience’sattention. Adjective + enough
  6. 6. Such a-that, such-thatAnalysis of a noun phrase, which westudied in earlier lessons, we symbolizeddeictic items by Det. Because deictic itemsmodifies a noun, their form must matchthe characteristics of the noun
  7. 7. --She was such a diligent student that he could finishher study in three years.--The eruption caused such destruction that the placewas closed for good.--They were such diligent students that they couldfinish their study in three years. In the first sentence, the word conjunction such- that uses the determiner a because student is a singular countable noun. In the second and third sentences, no a is used because the noun is an uncountable noun in the second sentence and a countable plural noun in the third sentence.
  8. 8. EXERCISESThe book is so expensive then the students can not buy it•The book was so expensive that the students cannot buy it•The book was too expensive to buy•The book was expensive enough to make students cannotbuy it The workers tooThe workers were so tired that they cannot work overtimeThe workers were to tired to work overtimeThe workers were tired enough to work overtime
  9. 9. The book was so expensive that students cannot buy itThe workers was so tired that they cannot work overtimeMany of items was difficult enough to doThe country was too poor to buy weapons to it defendsNobody is too old to learnIt was such a difficult test that many students couldn’t do itIt was such a delicious food that we ate it up
  10. 10. Get the ExpresionStudy how to express relieved feelings
  11. 11. How would you pronounce the first word in the conversation?Yes, it’s pronounce something like. This is an expression to showthat you are relieved. Other more verbal expression are below :• That’s relief.• Whew. That’s a relief.• That’s a great relief.• Thank goodness.• Thank goodness for that.• What a relief!• Thank heavens• I’m relieved• I’m most relieved• Whew. I’m so relieved• I’m glad• I’m so glad about….
  12. 12. Exercises page 2591. You are relieved because you have finished your two assigment. The mathematics assigment has been especially hard for you.You : Thanks goodnessYour mother : Homework?You : Yes, it’s so badYour mother : Was it that hard?You : Yes,but it’s done nowYour mother :English?You : And mathematics. And physicsYour mother : All right. Go get your dinner now.
  13. 13. 2. You are cacthing a class. You are almost late because the bus is late. You are in the bust now, and talking to the person next to you.You : Whew. What a relief. At least.The person : Late,aren’t you?You : Yes,but i’m save now.The person : Teacher,very strict, eh?You : Yes, and she get can get quite mean at times.The person : Can she, really? But you’re okay now.You : Yes, thanks goodness.

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