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English Beginners


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Ingles inicial

Published in: Education

English Beginners

  2. 2. UNIT 1 Verb to be I You He She It We You They am are is is is are are are Feelings, placement, occupations, age Subject pronouns an engineer at home happy 28 years old on the table doctors 18 years old sad Affirmative not not not not not not not not Negative
  3. 3. UNIT 1 complement Verb to be + Question form Is happy Subject + she ? ? + Are doctors we ? Is in Spain your father ?
  4. 4. UNIT 1 Spelling rules for plural nouns 1. We add “s” to most nouns. book book s pencil pencil s computer computer s boy boy s 2. We add ”es” when the noun finishes in: x ch sh s o dish dish es sandwich sandwich es class class es hero hero es box box es
  5. 5. UNIT 1 Spelling rules for plural nouns 3. When the noun ends in “y” after a consonant, drop the final “y” and add “ies” dictionary dictionar ies lady lad ies 4. There are some irregular nouns: child children man men Woman women fish fish
  6. 6. UNIT 1 Demonstrative adjectives This is a book Singular Plural Near Far These are books That is a computer Those are computers Those (are) That (is) These (are) This (is)
  7. 7. UNIT 1 Television Car Picture Computer Camera Bag Hamburger Sandwich Book House
  8. 8. UNIT 3 Jobs Teacher Taxi driver Police officer Businessman Doctor Shop assistant Nurse Student
  9. 9. UNIT 3 Questions and answers What’s your name? My name is … I am from… Where are you from? What’s your address? My address is… What’s your telephone number? My telephone number is … How old are you? What’s your job? I am … years old I’m a … Are you married? Yes, … No, …
  10. 10. UNIT 3 Greetings Informal Hi! Bye! Hello! See you! / See you later! What’s up? Formal Good morning! Good evening! Good afternoon! Good night! Good bye! How’s it going? Howdy! Take care!
  11. 11. UNIT 4 Possessive adjectives I You He She It We You They my your his her its our your their Indicate possession, ownership, or close relationship Subject pronouns It is my birthday. Your friend is beautiful. This is his camera. Her bag is old.
  12. 12. UNIT 4 Possessive nouns Indicate possession, ownership, or close relationship 1. Singular nouns: Add ’s to most nouns Joe’s car My father’s laptop 2. Plural nouns: Add ’ only to plural nouns that end in s The students’ classroom The companies’ workers 3. Plural nouns: Add ’s to plural nouns that do not end in s The children’s mother The women’s dresses 4. For names ending in s: Add ’s Charles’s cat Louis’s jackets 4.1 For names ending in s: Simply add ’ Charles’ cat Louis’ jackets
  13. 13. UNIT 4 Members of the family mother son daughter brother wife husband father sister children parents Male Female Both mother son daughter brother wife husband father sister children parents
  14. 14. UNIT 4 Members of the family Sally Tom Kirsty Nick
  15. 15. UNIT 4 Have I You He She It We You They have have has has has have have have Subject pronouns three brothers. a car. a book. four jackets.
  16. 16. The Alphabet Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
  17. 17. A a
  18. 18. B b
  19. 19. C c
  20. 20. D d
  21. 21. E e
  22. 22. F f
  23. 23. G g
  24. 24. H h
  25. 25. I i
  26. 26. J j
  27. 27. K k
  28. 28. L l
  29. 29. M m
  30. 30. N n
  31. 31. O o
  32. 32. P p
  33. 33. Q q
  34. 34. R r
  35. 35. S s
  36. 36. T t
  37. 37. U u
  38. 38. V v
  39. 39. W w
  40. 40. X x
  41. 41. Y y
  42. 42. Z z
  43. 43. UNIT 5 Sports Food Drinks Tennis Football Swimming Skiing Italian food Chinese food Pizza Hamburger Orange Ice cream Tea Coffee Soda Beer Wine
  44. 44. UNIT 5 Present Simple We use the Present Simple to describe habits, routine or everyday actions. It is the most common tense in English. Subject object verb + + Affirmative form She basketball. play s We T.V. watch The boy to the pool. go es
  45. 45. UNIT 5 Present Simple Subject object auxiliary verb + + Negative form She basketball. doesn’t We T.V. don’t The boy to the pool. doesn’t We use two auxiliary verbs: I – You – We – They don’t He – She - It doesn’t base form of the verb + play watch go
  46. 46. UNIT 5 Present Simple subject object Auxiliary verb + + Yes – No question form She basketball. Does / Doesn’t We T.V. Do / Don’t The boy to the pool. Does / Doesn’t We place the auxiliary verb before the sentence: Do I – you – we – they… ? Does he – she - it …? base form of the verb + play watch go ? ? ? ?
  47. 47. UNIT 5 Present Simple Short answers She basketball. Does / Doesn’t play ? Yes, she does No, she doesn’t Long answers Yes, she play s basketball No, she doesn’t play basketball
  48. 48. UNIT 5 Present Simple Time expressions They can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentence every day on Mondays (s) once a… every week on Christmas twice a… every year on Halloween three times a… every month on my birthday Every day, I study my English lesson. or I study my English lesson every day .
  49. 49. UNIT 5 Present Simple Adverbs of frequency They show us how often people do actions. Always 100% of the time Frequently about 90% of the time Usually about 80% of the time Often about 70% of the time Sometimes about 50% of the time Occacionally about 40% of the time Seldom about 30%of the time Rarely about 20% of the time Hardly ever about 10% of the time Never about 00% of the time I always study my English lesson. She is sometimes at home at 6 p.m. We place them before the main verb But after the verb to be
  50. 50. UNIT 5 Spelling rules for the third person singular 1. We add “s” to most verbs. write write s read read s sleep sleep s eat eat s 2. We add ”es” to the base form when the verb ends with: z x ch sh s o wash wash es pass pass es watch watch es go go es fix fix es buzz buzz es
  51. 51. UNIT 5 Spelling rules for the third person singular 2. When the verb ends in “y” after a consonant, drop the final “y” and add “ies” fly fl ies study stud ies copy cop ies NOTE: When a verb ends in “y” after a vowel, DO NOT drop the final “y” , simply add “s” play play s
  52. 52. Countries & Nationalities
  53. 53. China Hello, my name is Chun Li I come from China I am Chinese I speak Chinese
  54. 54. Japan I am Takuya Kimura I come from Japan I am Japanese I speak Japanese
  55. 55. Korea I am Mr. Kim I come from Korea I am Korean I speak Korean
  56. 56. France My name is Napoleon I come from France I am French I speak French
  57. 57. Italy I am Del Piero I come from Italy I am Italian I speak Italian
  58. 58. Spain <ul><li>I am Mr. Bull Fighter </li></ul><ul><li>I come from Spain </li></ul><ul><li>I am Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>I speak Spanish </li></ul>
  59. 59. Germany I am Mr. Müller I come from Germany I am German I speak German
  60. 60. The UK I am a guard I come from the UK / Britain / England I am Britain I speak English
  61. 61. The USA I am George Bush I come from the USA I am American I speak English The United States of America
  62. 62. I come from China I speak I am I am I speak I come from Japan Chinese Chinese Japanese Japanese I come from the I am I speak British English I come from the I am I speak American English
  63. 63. UNIT 7 Wh - questions Who What Where Why When How Which Whose Person Things Place Reason Time Manner Choice Possessions Or information questions are used to ask for specific information . Some wh-questions are:
  64. 64. UNIT 7 Wh - questions When you ask about the subject use a wh-word in place of the subject. Example: Mike writes you.  Who writes you? Victoria studies English.  Who studies English? For questions beginning with which, whose, how much , and how many , we often use a wh-word + noun in place of the subject. Example: The tall witness tells you the truth.  Which witness tells you the truth? Three people live in that house.  How many people live in that house?
  65. 65. UNIT 7 When the verb is a form of be ( am, is, are ) use: Wh-word + be Example : Harry Adams is the teacher. Who is the teacher? Harry Adams is the teacher . Who is Harry Adams?
  66. 66. UNIT 7 When you ask about the object use: a wh-word and this word order: Wh – word + auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + ? Example: You look at someone . ( someone = object ) Who(m) do you look at ? He says something . ( something = object ) What does he say ?
  67. 67. If you have any questions, please let me know. Augusto Sánchez 084133384 [email_address]