SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 23
HYPERLOOP
M.BHARATH
TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION EE-391
B.TECH EE,IITR
14115068
• We all know about the present four modes of transportation.
Road Transport
Water Transport
Rail Transport Air Transport
WHAT IS IT ?
 A concept for a fifth mode of transport after planes ,trains , cars and boats.
 Hyperloop is a new way to move people or things anywhere in the world quickly ,safely ,efficiently and
with minimal impact to the environment.
 It is for the distances around 1500 km(900 mi) where this supersonic air travel ends up being faster and
cheaper
 Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with capsules that are transported at both low and high
speeds throughout the length of the tube.
 The capsules are accelerated via a magnetic linear accelerators.
BACKGROUND:
 Elon Musk
 He is the founder of SpaceX, Tesla
Motors, Solar City, and co-founder of
PayPal.
CONTD;
 If we want to make a new mode of transportation then it should ideally be:
• Safer
• Faster
• Lower cost
• More convenient
• Sustainably self powering
• Resistance to earthquakes
• Immune to weather
 The main aim of the project or design is to find a new mode of transport that reduces both travel time
and cost.
 It is proposed transportation system for travelling between Los Angeles, California and San Francisco,
California in just 35 minutes.
CONTD;
Energy cost per passenger for a journey between Los Angeles
and San Francisco for various modes of transport.
HYPERLOOP TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM:
 Hyperloop consists of several distinct components, this includes :
1. Capsule or pod.
2. Tube.
3. Propulsion.
4. Route.
1. CAPSULE :
 Two versions:
• Passenger only version.
• Passenger plus vehicle version.
 Approximately 28 passengers per
capsule with an average departure
time of every 2 min between the
capsule.
 3 vehicles per capsule in passenger
plus vehicle version.
Hyperloop passenger transport capsule conceptual design
sketch
CONTD;
 The greatest requirement is normally to overcome air resistance.
 Aerodynamics drag increases with square of speed and then power requirement increase with cube of
speed.
 Air pressure in Hyperloop tube is about 1/6th the pressure of the atmosphere on Mars(100 pascals)
which reduces the drag force of air by 1000 times relative to sea level conditions . It is equivalent to
flying above 1,50,000 feet altitude.
 Despite air drag there are also other challenges like preventing shockwaves , accumulation of air in front
of the nose , overall acceleration felt by human should be less than 1g.
INITIAL FINAL
SPEED: ‘x’ SPEED: ‘2x’
AIR-DRAG: ’ y’ AIR-DRAG: ’4y’
POWER
REQIREMENT: ‘z’
POWER
REQIREMENT: ‘8z’
GEOMETRY OF CAPSULE:
 In order to optimize the capsule speed and
performance the frontal area has been
minimized for size while maintaining passenger
comfort
 Vehicle features a compressor at the leading
face .
 The maximum width is 4.43 ft. (1.35 m) and
maximum height is 3.61 ft. (1.10 m). With
rounded corners, this is equivalent to a 15 ft2 .
 Aerodynamic power requirement at 700 mph. is
around 134 hp (100KW) .
Hyperloop passenger capsule subsystem notional locations
Streamlines for capsule traveling at high subsonic velocities
inside Hyperloop
CONTD;
 Interior of the capsule is specifically designed with passenger
safety and comfort in mind.
 There is firewall / sound bulkhead which divides the
passenger couch with compressor .
 Passenger needed emergency equipment is also provided.
 Entertainment like music is available in the capsule.
AXIAL COMPRESSOR:
 It allows the capsule to traverse the relatively
narrow tube without choking flow.
 It supplies air to the air bearings and also used
for propulsion for some extent.
Pi
n
≈ 52 kW
Air In
p ≈ 99 Pa
T ≈ 292 K
𝑚 ≈ 0.49 kg/s
Pi
n
≈ 276 kW
Air Out
p ≈ 2.1 kPa
T ≈ 857 K
𝑚 ≈ 0.2 kg/s
Nozzle expander
Axial compressor
Intercooler Intercooler
Air Out
Fthrus
t
≈
N
17
0Pthrus
t
≈ 5
8
k
W
Water Reservoir
p ≈ 101 kPa
T ≈ 293 K
𝑚 ≈ 290 kg Air Out
p ≈ 11 kPa
T ≈ 557 K
Air Cooled
T 
K
30
0
Ai
rp ≈ 11 kPa
T ≈ 400 K
Steam Out
Water In
𝑚 𝐻2 𝑂 ℓ ≈ 0.14 kg/s
Steam
𝑚 ≈ 0.29 kg/s
Compressor schematic for passenger capsule.
SUSPENSION:
 Conventional wheel and axle systems become impractical at high speed due to frictional losses and
dynamic instability.
 Magnetic levitation can be used but more power is consumed.
 An alternative is an air bearing suspension which offer stability and extremely low drag.
 Capsule also includes wheels similar to aircraft landing gear for ease of movement at speed under
100mph(160 kph).
 As the capsule accelerates upto subsonic speed, so the air accumulating in front of the capsule is used
for this bearing and for some extent for propulsion and it is also stored on-board.
 The predicted total drag generated by the air bearings at a capsule speed of 760 mph is 140N, resulting
in a 64hp of power loss.
 On-board power system by using batteries for compressor and other components.
Schematic of air bearing skis that support the capsule
2. TUBE:
 The expected pressure inside the tube will be
maintained around 0.015psi (1/1000) the pressure on
earth.
 It is important to avoid shock waves and column of air
in front of its nose by careful selection of the
capsule/tube area ratio.
 The column of air is displaced through the gaps, any
flow not displaced must be ingested by the on board
compressor of each capsule.
 The surface above is lined with solar panels to provide
the required power system.
 The stations are isolated from the main tube in order
to limit air leaks into the system.
 Vacuum pumps will run continuously at various
locations along the tube to maintain the required
pressure. Hyperloop capsule in tube cutaway with attached solar arrays
PYLONS AND TUNNELS:
 The tube will be supported by pillars called pylons.
 They are made of reinforced concrete for the tensile strength.
 The spacing of the Hyperloop pillars is about 100 ft.
 There are dampers which will provide longitudinal and horizontal movement of the tube if there is an
earthquake or tube is expanded due to the heat.
3. PROPULSION:
 It is used mainly to:
1. Accelerate the capsule from 0 to 300 mph (480 kph) for
relatively low speed travel in urban areas.
2. Maintain the capsule at 300 mph (480 kph) as necessary,
including during ascents over the mountains.
3. To accelerate the capsule from 300 to 760 mph (480 to
1,220 kph) at 1G.
4. To decelerate the capsule back to 300 mph (480 kph) at
the end of the journey.
 Hyperloop as a whole is projected to consume an
average of 21(MW).
 A solar array covering the entire Hyperloop is large
enough to provide an average of 57(MW).
 Hyperloop uses a linear induction motor to accelerating
and decelerating the capsule and these are placed at
various locations.
Linear accelerator concept for capsule acceleration and
deceleration
Linear Induction Motor:
 Lower material cost (aluminium).
 Lighter capsule can be made.
 Small capsule dimensions.
 Rotor is mounted to the capsule.
 Stator is mounted to the tube.
Rotor (mounted to capsule)
Stator (mounted to tube)
4. ROUTE:
The Hyperloop route should be based on several
considerations, including:
1. Maintaining the tube as closely as possible to
existing highways.
2. Limiting the maximum capsule speed to 760 mph
(1,220 kph) for aerodynamic considerations.
3. Limiting accelerations on the passengers to 0.5g.
4. Optimizing locations of the linear motor tube
sections driving the capsules.
5. Local geographical constraints, including location of
urban areas, mountain ranges, reservoirs, national
parks, roads, railroads, airports, etc. The route
must respect existing structures.
Overview of Hyperloop route from Los Angeles to San
Francisco
SAFETY AND RELIABILITY:
 With human control error and unpredictable weather removed from the system, very few safety
concerns are remained.
1. On-board passenger emergency.
2. Power outage.
3. Capsule depressurization.
4. Capsule stranded in tube.
5. Earthquakes.
COST:
 The total cost of Hyperloop passenger transportation system is less than $6 billion USD and that of
passenger plus vehicle system is $7.5 billion USD.
 It would cost $20 for a one way trip for the passenger version of Hyperloop(which is 9% of the high
speed rail system).
 Passenger plus vehicle version of the Hyperloop costs less than 11% the cost proposed for passenger
high speed rail system.
FUTURE WORK:
 Hyperloop is considered as an open source transportation concept.
 More additional work is to be done in areas like:
1. More expansion on the control mechanism for Hyperloop capsules, including altitude thruster or
control moment gyros.
2. Detailed station designs with loading and unloading of both passenger and passenger plus vehicle
versions of the Hyperloop capsules.
3. Trades comparing the costs and benefits of Hyperloop with more conventional magnetic levitation
systems.
4. Sub-scale testing based on a further optimized design to demonstrate the physics of Hyperloop.
Any queries ????

More Related Content

What's hot

Hyperloop: A Fifth mode of Transportation
Hyperloop: A Fifth mode of TransportationHyperloop: A Fifth mode of Transportation
Hyperloop: A Fifth mode of TransportationBPUTODISHA
 
Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)
Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)
Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)Izzah Aqilah
 
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya Karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya KarhadeHyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya Karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya KarhadeAishwarya Karhade
 
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Rahul John
 
hyperloop transportation
hyperloop transportationhyperloop transportation
hyperloop transportationYadu Krishna T
 
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionHyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionGyanendra Awasthi
 

What's hot (20)

Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop: A Fifth mode of Transportation
Hyperloop: A Fifth mode of TransportationHyperloop: A Fifth mode of Transportation
Hyperloop: A Fifth mode of Transportation
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloops
HyperloopsHyperloops
Hyperloops
 
Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)
Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)
Electromagnetisms transportation (hyperloop)
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya Karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya KarhadeHyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya Karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar report- Aishwarya Karhade
 
Hyper loop train
Hyper loop trainHyper loop train
Hyper loop train
 
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop seminar report
Hyperloop seminar reportHyperloop seminar report
Hyperloop seminar report
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
hyperloop transportation
hyperloop transportationhyperloop transportation
hyperloop transportation
 
Hyperloop ppt
Hyperloop pptHyperloop ppt
Hyperloop ppt
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionHyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop seminar reports
Hyperloop seminar reportsHyperloop seminar reports
Hyperloop seminar reports
 
Hyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop  transportation systemHyperloop  transportation system
Hyperloop transportation system
 

Viewers also liked

The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?Stinson
 
Hyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar ReportHyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar ReportUmar Ahmed
 
Hyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation systemHyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation systemDhananjay Kumar
 
Hyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - BabbittHyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - BabbittTess Audley Babbitt
 
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]Janne Ruponen
 
Team Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final Design
Team Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final DesignTeam Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final Design
Team Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final DesignJack Nelson
 
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & DemoAppcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & DemoHans Knoechel
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
 
Hyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar ReportHyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar Report
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation systemHyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation system
 
Hyperloop project
Hyperloop projectHyperloop project
Hyperloop project
 
THE HYPERLOOP
THE HYPERLOOPTHE HYPERLOOP
THE HYPERLOOP
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - BabbittHyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
 
Hyperloop final
Hyperloop finalHyperloop final
Hyperloop final
 
Hyperloop
Hyperloop Hyperloop
Hyperloop
 
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Team Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final Design
Team Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final DesignTeam Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final Design
Team Hyperlynx SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Final Design
 
Hyperloop introduction
Hyperloop introductionHyperloop introduction
Hyperloop introduction
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & DemoAppcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
 
hyperloop tain..
hyperloop tain..hyperloop tain..
hyperloop tain..
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 

Similar to Hyperloop: A New Mode of Transportation

Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionHyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionGyanendra Awasthi
 
HYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdf
HYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdfHYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdf
HYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdfShanmukhSaiR
 
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)SyedYasear
 
Hyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to reality
Hyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to realityHyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to reality
Hyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to realityshrishailhg
 
Hyperlop Transportation System
Hyperlop Transportation SystemHyperlop Transportation System
Hyperlop Transportation SystemDr. Amarjeet Singh
 
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique AhemadHyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique AhemadWashique Ahmad
 
pdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptx
pdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptxpdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptx
pdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptxssuser730285
 
Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop
Vactrain an  insight into HyperloopVactrain an  insight into Hyperloop
Vactrain an insight into HyperloopAvin Ganapathi
 

Similar to Hyperloop: A New Mode of Transportation (19)

Hyperloop new
Hyperloop new Hyperloop new
Hyperloop new
 
FINAL.pptx
FINAL.pptxFINAL.pptx
FINAL.pptx
 
hyperloop.pptx
hyperloop.pptxhyperloop.pptx
hyperloop.pptx
 
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionHyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
 
HYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdf
HYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdfHYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdf
HYPER LOOP SEMINAR PPT (1)_085046.pdf
 
Hyperloop ppt
Hyperloop pptHyperloop ppt
Hyperloop ppt
 
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
 
hyper loop
hyper loophyper loop
hyper loop
 
406678621 hyperloop-pdf
406678621 hyperloop-pdf406678621 hyperloop-pdf
406678621 hyperloop-pdf
 
Hyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to reality
Hyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to realityHyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to reality
Hyperloop a new mode of transportation, from an idea to reality
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperlop Transportation System
Hyperlop Transportation SystemHyperlop Transportation System
Hyperlop Transportation System
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique AhemadHyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
 
pdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptx
pdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptxpdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptx
pdfslide.net_vactrain-an-insight-into-hyperloop.pptx
 
Hyperloop Transportation System
Hyperloop Transportation SystemHyperloop Transportation System
Hyperloop Transportation System
 
Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop
Vactrain an  insight into HyperloopVactrain an  insight into Hyperloop
Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop technogy
Hyperloop technogyHyperloop technogy
Hyperloop technogy
 

Recently uploaded

DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS SERVICE MECHANISM.pdf
DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS  SERVICE MECHANISM.pdfDEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS  SERVICE MECHANISM.pdf
DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS SERVICE MECHANISM.pdfAkritiPradhan2
 
"Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ...
"Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ..."Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ...
"Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ...Erbil Polytechnic University
 
Research Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdfResearch Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdfCaalaaAbdulkerim
 
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptxMine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptxRomil Mishra
 
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based questionCost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based questionSneha Padhiar
 
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTFUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTSneha Padhiar
 
Immutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdf
Immutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdfImmutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdf
Immutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdfDrew Moseley
 
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithmComputer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithmDeepika Walanjkar
 
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School CourseKatarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Coursebim.edu.pl
 
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfCS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfBalamuruganV28
 
Virtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating SystemVirtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating SystemRashmi Bhat
 
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor CatchersTechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catcherssdickerson1
 
Module-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdf
Module-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdfModule-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdf
Module-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdfManish Kumar
 
List of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdf
List of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdfList of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdf
List of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdfisabel213075
 
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdfCh10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdfChristianCDAM
 
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMSHigh Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMSsandhya757531
 
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...Erbil Polytechnic University
 
Levelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument method
Levelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument methodLevelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument method
Levelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument methodManicka Mamallan Andavar
 
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptxTurn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptxStephen Sitton
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Designing pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptx
Designing pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptxDesigning pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptx
Designing pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptx
 
DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS SERVICE MECHANISM.pdf
DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS  SERVICE MECHANISM.pdfDEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS  SERVICE MECHANISM.pdf
DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS SERVICE MECHANISM.pdf
 
"Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ...
"Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ..."Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ...
"Exploring the Essential Functions and Design Considerations of Spillways in ...
 
Research Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdfResearch Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdf
 
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptxMine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
 
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based questionCost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
 
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTFUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
 
Immutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdf
Immutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdfImmutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdf
Immutable Image-Based Operating Systems - EW2024.pdf
 
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithmComputer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
 
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School CourseKatarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
 
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfCS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
 
Virtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating SystemVirtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating System
 
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor CatchersTechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
 
Module-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdf
Module-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdfModule-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdf
Module-1-(Building Acoustics) Noise Control (Unit-3). pdf
 
List of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdf
List of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdfList of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdf
List of Accredited Concrete Batching Plant.pdf
 
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdfCh10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
 
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMSHigh Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
 
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
 
Levelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument method
Levelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument methodLevelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument method
Levelling - Rise and fall - Height of instrument method
 
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptxTurn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
 

Hyperloop: A New Mode of Transportation

  • 2. • We all know about the present four modes of transportation. Road Transport Water Transport Rail Transport Air Transport
  • 3.
  • 4. WHAT IS IT ?  A concept for a fifth mode of transport after planes ,trains , cars and boats.  Hyperloop is a new way to move people or things anywhere in the world quickly ,safely ,efficiently and with minimal impact to the environment.  It is for the distances around 1500 km(900 mi) where this supersonic air travel ends up being faster and cheaper  Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with capsules that are transported at both low and high speeds throughout the length of the tube.  The capsules are accelerated via a magnetic linear accelerators.
  • 5. BACKGROUND:  Elon Musk  He is the founder of SpaceX, Tesla Motors, Solar City, and co-founder of PayPal.
  • 6. CONTD;  If we want to make a new mode of transportation then it should ideally be: • Safer • Faster • Lower cost • More convenient • Sustainably self powering • Resistance to earthquakes • Immune to weather  The main aim of the project or design is to find a new mode of transport that reduces both travel time and cost.  It is proposed transportation system for travelling between Los Angeles, California and San Francisco, California in just 35 minutes.
  • 7. CONTD; Energy cost per passenger for a journey between Los Angeles and San Francisco for various modes of transport.
  • 8. HYPERLOOP TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM:  Hyperloop consists of several distinct components, this includes : 1. Capsule or pod. 2. Tube. 3. Propulsion. 4. Route.
  • 9. 1. CAPSULE :  Two versions: • Passenger only version. • Passenger plus vehicle version.  Approximately 28 passengers per capsule with an average departure time of every 2 min between the capsule.  3 vehicles per capsule in passenger plus vehicle version. Hyperloop passenger transport capsule conceptual design sketch
  • 10. CONTD;  The greatest requirement is normally to overcome air resistance.  Aerodynamics drag increases with square of speed and then power requirement increase with cube of speed.  Air pressure in Hyperloop tube is about 1/6th the pressure of the atmosphere on Mars(100 pascals) which reduces the drag force of air by 1000 times relative to sea level conditions . It is equivalent to flying above 1,50,000 feet altitude.  Despite air drag there are also other challenges like preventing shockwaves , accumulation of air in front of the nose , overall acceleration felt by human should be less than 1g. INITIAL FINAL SPEED: ‘x’ SPEED: ‘2x’ AIR-DRAG: ’ y’ AIR-DRAG: ’4y’ POWER REQIREMENT: ‘z’ POWER REQIREMENT: ‘8z’
  • 11. GEOMETRY OF CAPSULE:  In order to optimize the capsule speed and performance the frontal area has been minimized for size while maintaining passenger comfort  Vehicle features a compressor at the leading face .  The maximum width is 4.43 ft. (1.35 m) and maximum height is 3.61 ft. (1.10 m). With rounded corners, this is equivalent to a 15 ft2 .  Aerodynamic power requirement at 700 mph. is around 134 hp (100KW) . Hyperloop passenger capsule subsystem notional locations Streamlines for capsule traveling at high subsonic velocities inside Hyperloop
  • 12. CONTD;  Interior of the capsule is specifically designed with passenger safety and comfort in mind.  There is firewall / sound bulkhead which divides the passenger couch with compressor .  Passenger needed emergency equipment is also provided.  Entertainment like music is available in the capsule.
  • 13. AXIAL COMPRESSOR:  It allows the capsule to traverse the relatively narrow tube without choking flow.  It supplies air to the air bearings and also used for propulsion for some extent. Pi n ≈ 52 kW Air In p ≈ 99 Pa T ≈ 292 K 𝑚 ≈ 0.49 kg/s Pi n ≈ 276 kW Air Out p ≈ 2.1 kPa T ≈ 857 K 𝑚 ≈ 0.2 kg/s Nozzle expander Axial compressor Intercooler Intercooler Air Out Fthrus t ≈ N 17 0Pthrus t ≈ 5 8 k W Water Reservoir p ≈ 101 kPa T ≈ 293 K 𝑚 ≈ 290 kg Air Out p ≈ 11 kPa T ≈ 557 K Air Cooled T  K 30 0 Ai rp ≈ 11 kPa T ≈ 400 K Steam Out Water In 𝑚 𝐻2 𝑂 ℓ ≈ 0.14 kg/s Steam 𝑚 ≈ 0.29 kg/s Compressor schematic for passenger capsule.
  • 14. SUSPENSION:  Conventional wheel and axle systems become impractical at high speed due to frictional losses and dynamic instability.  Magnetic levitation can be used but more power is consumed.  An alternative is an air bearing suspension which offer stability and extremely low drag.  Capsule also includes wheels similar to aircraft landing gear for ease of movement at speed under 100mph(160 kph).  As the capsule accelerates upto subsonic speed, so the air accumulating in front of the capsule is used for this bearing and for some extent for propulsion and it is also stored on-board.  The predicted total drag generated by the air bearings at a capsule speed of 760 mph is 140N, resulting in a 64hp of power loss.  On-board power system by using batteries for compressor and other components. Schematic of air bearing skis that support the capsule
  • 15. 2. TUBE:  The expected pressure inside the tube will be maintained around 0.015psi (1/1000) the pressure on earth.  It is important to avoid shock waves and column of air in front of its nose by careful selection of the capsule/tube area ratio.  The column of air is displaced through the gaps, any flow not displaced must be ingested by the on board compressor of each capsule.  The surface above is lined with solar panels to provide the required power system.  The stations are isolated from the main tube in order to limit air leaks into the system.  Vacuum pumps will run continuously at various locations along the tube to maintain the required pressure. Hyperloop capsule in tube cutaway with attached solar arrays
  • 16. PYLONS AND TUNNELS:  The tube will be supported by pillars called pylons.  They are made of reinforced concrete for the tensile strength.  The spacing of the Hyperloop pillars is about 100 ft.  There are dampers which will provide longitudinal and horizontal movement of the tube if there is an earthquake or tube is expanded due to the heat.
  • 17. 3. PROPULSION:  It is used mainly to: 1. Accelerate the capsule from 0 to 300 mph (480 kph) for relatively low speed travel in urban areas. 2. Maintain the capsule at 300 mph (480 kph) as necessary, including during ascents over the mountains. 3. To accelerate the capsule from 300 to 760 mph (480 to 1,220 kph) at 1G. 4. To decelerate the capsule back to 300 mph (480 kph) at the end of the journey.  Hyperloop as a whole is projected to consume an average of 21(MW).  A solar array covering the entire Hyperloop is large enough to provide an average of 57(MW).  Hyperloop uses a linear induction motor to accelerating and decelerating the capsule and these are placed at various locations. Linear accelerator concept for capsule acceleration and deceleration
  • 18. Linear Induction Motor:  Lower material cost (aluminium).  Lighter capsule can be made.  Small capsule dimensions.  Rotor is mounted to the capsule.  Stator is mounted to the tube. Rotor (mounted to capsule) Stator (mounted to tube)
  • 19. 4. ROUTE: The Hyperloop route should be based on several considerations, including: 1. Maintaining the tube as closely as possible to existing highways. 2. Limiting the maximum capsule speed to 760 mph (1,220 kph) for aerodynamic considerations. 3. Limiting accelerations on the passengers to 0.5g. 4. Optimizing locations of the linear motor tube sections driving the capsules. 5. Local geographical constraints, including location of urban areas, mountain ranges, reservoirs, national parks, roads, railroads, airports, etc. The route must respect existing structures. Overview of Hyperloop route from Los Angeles to San Francisco
  • 20. SAFETY AND RELIABILITY:  With human control error and unpredictable weather removed from the system, very few safety concerns are remained. 1. On-board passenger emergency. 2. Power outage. 3. Capsule depressurization. 4. Capsule stranded in tube. 5. Earthquakes.
  • 21. COST:  The total cost of Hyperloop passenger transportation system is less than $6 billion USD and that of passenger plus vehicle system is $7.5 billion USD.  It would cost $20 for a one way trip for the passenger version of Hyperloop(which is 9% of the high speed rail system).  Passenger plus vehicle version of the Hyperloop costs less than 11% the cost proposed for passenger high speed rail system.
  • 22. FUTURE WORK:  Hyperloop is considered as an open source transportation concept.  More additional work is to be done in areas like: 1. More expansion on the control mechanism for Hyperloop capsules, including altitude thruster or control moment gyros. 2. Detailed station designs with loading and unloading of both passenger and passenger plus vehicle versions of the Hyperloop capsules. 3. Trades comparing the costs and benefits of Hyperloop with more conventional magnetic levitation systems. 4. Sub-scale testing based on a further optimized design to demonstrate the physics of Hyperloop.