Chapter 23 – Baroque art –

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Chapter 23 – Baroque art –

  1. 1. Chapter 23 – Age of Reformation
  2. 2. <ul><li>Spain most powerful country </li></ul><ul><li>Spain wants to reform church which leads to the Counter – Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>Dissatisfaction with church leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Popes come from powerful families </li></ul><ul><li>Church deteriorated </li></ul><ul><li>Private devotions, commissions (such as book of hours) rosaries and paintings increased </li></ul>
  3. 3. Imagery during the Reformation <ul><li>Protestant churches bare walls </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery leads to idols </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation – sparked iconclasms throughout Northern Europe, destroying much great art work and </li></ul><ul><li>prohibiting new work to be produced </li></ul><ul><li>Northern European art is influenced by the achievements of the Renaissance </li></ul>
  4. 4. Catholicism vs. Protestantism <ul><li>Allegory of Law and Grace by Lucas Cranach the Elder </li></ul><ul><li>Woodcut </li></ul><ul><li>1530 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Grunewald- Isenheim Altarpiece <ul><li>Horrors of disease </li></ul><ul><li>Created for a Monastic Hospital </li></ul>
  6. 9. Durer – Last Supper 1523 <ul><li>Agent sold prints </li></ul><ul><li>Very in tune with Lutherism </li></ul><ul><li>1 st lawsuit </li></ul><ul><li>Popular in Flanders </li></ul>
  7. 10. Durer Last Supper 1523
  8. 11. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse 1498
  9. 12. Durer- 4 Apostles 1526 <ul><li>Durer supports Lutheranism </li></ul><ul><li>John and Peter (left) </li></ul><ul><li>Mark and Paul ( right) </li></ul><ul><li>Bible </li></ul><ul><li>No false prophets </li></ul>
  10. 13. Durer – The Fall of Man 1504 <ul><li>Vitruvian Theory of human proportions </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Statues </li></ul><ul><li>Engraving </li></ul><ul><li>Crucial Moment </li></ul>
  11. 14. Durer- The Great Piece of Turf 1503 <ul><li>Scientifically accurate </li></ul>
  12. 15. Altdorfer – The Battle of Issus 1529
  13. 16. Holbein the Younger – The French Ambassadors 1533 <ul><li>Realism that flourished from 15 th Century Flemish art </li></ul><ul><li>Two Humanist men </li></ul><ul><li>Covered in items </li></ul><ul><li>Anamorphic Image </li></ul><ul><li>Painter to English Court </li></ul>
  14. 17. `
  15. 18. France – widespread recognition as a political power <ul><li>Clouet – Francis I 1526 </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Chain = St. Michael </li></ul><ul><li>Flat </li></ul>
  16. 19. The Louvre - 1546 <ul><li>Redesign ( medieval palace and fortress) </li></ul><ul><li>Curved and angular </li></ul><ul><li>Roman arcades </li></ul><ul><li>French and Italian infused </li></ul>
  17. 20. Pieter Aersten – Meat Still Life - 1551
  18. 21. Caterina van Hemssen – Self Portrait 1548
  19. 22. Back to the Netherlands Gossaert – Neptune & Amphitrite 1516 <ul><li>Netherlands – Philp II of Spain controlled –Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Gossaert Influenced by? </li></ul><ul><li>Doric and Ionic </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul>
  20. 23. Massys – Money Changer and His Wife 1514 <ul><li>Checking out coins </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlandish values </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer book </li></ul><ul><li>Material world vs. spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Mirror – sloth and foolish character </li></ul><ul><li>Gossip </li></ul>
  21. 24. Aertsen – Meat Still life 1551 <ul><li>Hog, chickens, sausages </li></ul><ul><li>Religious images, Joseph leads a donkey </li></ul><ul><li>Crossed fishes –pretzels during lent </li></ul><ul><li>A life of lust and gluttony </li></ul>
  22. 25. Caterina van Hemessen – Self portrait 1548 <ul><li>First known self portrait of a woman </li></ul><ul><li>Confident </li></ul><ul><li>Pigment </li></ul><ul><li>Her father trained her </li></ul>
  23. 26. Teerlinc - Elizabeth I as Princess <ul><li>1559 </li></ul><ul><li>Bruges painter </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VIII, invited her to paint Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Headdress and jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate Gown </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth and other powerful woman were avid collectors and patrons </li></ul>
  24. 27. Bruegel the Elder 1565 Human Beings and nature, depicted seasonal changes during the year, optically correct, line and shape , landscape
  25. 28. Netherlandish Proverbs – 1559 – Bruegel the Elder <ul><li>Like Bosch </li></ul><ul><li>Proverbs, </li></ul><ul><li>He bites the column </li></ul><ul><li>“ beats his head against the wall” </li></ul><ul><li>“ blind lead the blind” </li></ul>
  26. 29. Spain –leader at the end of 16 th Century Burial of Count Orgaz – El Greco - 1586 <ul><li>El Greco – born in Crete emigrated to Italy, went to Titan’s workshop, went to Spain to spend his life there </li></ul><ul><li>Late Byzantine meets Italian Mannerism </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy draperies </li></ul><ul><li>Early conquistadors </li></ul><ul><li>Counts soul </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive </li></ul>

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