Islam Chapter 13
<ul><li>Islam = Submission to God  </li></ul><ul><li>Believers in Islam are called Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>The prophet M...
Impact of Islam <ul><li>Islam – Arabia, India, Spain – appealed to many converts </li></ul><ul><li>A  love of  lyrics and ...
Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock 687-691 –Jerusalem <ul><li>Domed wooden octagon </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates a new religion coming to the...
Great Mosque 706ce Syria Heavy Roman Influence
<ul><li>Capital was moved from Mecca to Damascus, Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Bought a Byzantine church, built a Mosque for th...
Minaret  – a tall slender Column used to call people to prayer
The Great Mosque  836ce Tunisa 836CE What type of hall layout is this?
Details in a Mosque <ul><li>Qibla – a wall which is in the  direction towards Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer is communal a...
Mosaic in the Courtyard  Roman, Byzantine and early christian art influence
Umayyad Palace – Mshatta Jordan 740ad <ul><li>Elaborate Mosaics are inside these Mosques. </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters of ho...
Minaret of The Great Mosque Samarra, Iraq 848 ce What does this tower remind you of ?
Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, 10 th  Century <ul><li>How did they bury their dead? </li></ul><ul><li>- they created ...
Prayer hall of the Great Mosque, 8 th  Cordoba,Spain  -Double tiered arches, carried a wooden roof -Hypostyle Prayer Hall ...
 
Maqsura of the Great mosque – Corboba, Spain 961ce
Dome in front of the mirhab  of the Great Mosque <ul><li>Ribs and squinches </li></ul><ul><li>Intricate , 45 degree angles...
Confronting lions and palm tree, fragment of a textile – 8 th  century <ul><li>Zoomorphic </li></ul><ul><li>Animals run ac...
-Calligraphers are the most respected artists and are the highest form of art in the Islamic world -words on the walls of ...
Later Islamic Art –Muqarnas dome – 1354-1391, Granada Spain <ul><li>Hall of the two sisters </li></ul><ul><li>Rose color <...
 
<ul><li>Islamic Capital moved to Egypt.  </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Muslim city of the late middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Madrasa and Mausoleum for Sultan Hasan, Cairo Egypt 1356 <ul><li>Madrasa - place of study to learn Islamic Law </li></ul><...
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/hassanmosque.htm Sultan Hasan Mosque
<ul><li>Iwan </li></ul>
 
Sinan, interior of the Mosque of Slelim II Turkey – Outshined Christians?
Sultan Muhammad –  The court of the Gayumars – watercolor and gold on paper – 1525 - Iran
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Ch. 13 Islam

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Ch. 13 Islam

  1. 1. Islam Chapter 13
  2. 2. <ul><li>Islam = Submission to God </li></ul><ul><li>Believers in Islam are called Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>The prophet Muhammad’s religious message resonated deeply with Arabs </li></ul><ul><li>North Africa, Middle East, parts of Spain, India and Central Asia were converted to Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>Chief building for Muslim worship is a mosque </li></ul><ul><li>Was a very popular religion along the Arabian peninsula early 7 th century </li></ul>
  3. 3. Impact of Islam <ul><li>Islam – Arabia, India, Spain – appealed to many converts </li></ul><ul><li>A love of lyrics and poetry are seen throughout their culture </li></ul><ul><li>Arab scholars laid foundations of arithmetic and algebra </li></ul><ul><li>Islam spread quickly, impacted western medieval art </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled by political governors called Caliph’s </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dome of the Rock
  5. 5. Dome of the Rock 687-691 –Jerusalem <ul><li>Domed wooden octagon </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates a new religion coming to the city </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims took columns from Roman monuments </li></ul><ul><li>3 different interpretations – Adam’s burial, Abraham’s sacrifice and Muhammad's journey to heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Like San Vitale </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden dome </li></ul>
  6. 6. Great Mosque 706ce Syria Heavy Roman Influence
  7. 7. <ul><li>Capital was moved from Mecca to Damascus, Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Bought a Byzantine church, built a Mosque for the rising Muslim population </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to early Christian and Roman Art </li></ul>
  8. 8. Minaret – a tall slender Column used to call people to prayer
  9. 9. The Great Mosque 836ce Tunisa 836CE What type of hall layout is this?
  10. 10. Details in a Mosque <ul><li>Qibla – a wall which is in the direction towards Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer is communal and private </li></ul><ul><li>Mihrab – niche in the wall (popular with Rome when inclosing a sculpture) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mosaic in the Courtyard Roman, Byzantine and early christian art influence
  12. 12. Umayyad Palace – Mshatta Jordan 740ad <ul><li>Elaborate Mosaics are inside these Mosques. </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters of horses, rivers, vegetation on secular side </li></ul><ul><li>Mosque side has no patterns </li></ul>
  13. 13. Minaret of The Great Mosque Samarra, Iraq 848 ce What does this tower remind you of ?
  14. 14. Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, 10 th Century <ul><li>How did they bury their dead? </li></ul><ul><li>- they created a Mausoleum </li></ul><ul><li>Dome on cube arch. </li></ul><ul><li>Brick squinches </li></ul>
  15. 15. Prayer hall of the Great Mosque, 8 th Cordoba,Spain -Double tiered arches, carried a wooden roof -Hypostyle Prayer Hall -Hall becomes light and airy -Columns recycled from ancient Roman Sculptures
  16. 17. Maqsura of the Great mosque – Corboba, Spain 961ce
  17. 18. Dome in front of the mirhab of the Great Mosque <ul><li>Ribs and squinches </li></ul><ul><li>Intricate , 45 degree angles </li></ul>
  18. 19. Confronting lions and palm tree, fragment of a textile – 8 th century <ul><li>Zoomorphic </li></ul><ul><li>Animals run across between the roundels </li></ul>
  19. 20. -Calligraphers are the most respected artists and are the highest form of art in the Islamic world -words on the walls of buildings Koran Page 18 -9 th and 10 th Century
  20. 21. Later Islamic Art –Muqarnas dome – 1354-1391, Granada Spain <ul><li>Hall of the two sisters </li></ul><ul><li>Rose color </li></ul><ul><li>Octangular dome </li></ul><ul><li>Stucco decoration </li></ul><ul><li>Dome of heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Palace residence of Muhammad V </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>Islamic Capital moved to Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Muslim city of the late middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>Sultan Hasan a prolific builder of Islamic history. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Madrasa and Mausoleum for Sultan Hasan, Cairo Egypt 1356 <ul><li>Madrasa - place of study to learn Islamic Law </li></ul><ul><li>4 colleges, mosque, mausoleum, orphanage and hospital, baths, shops </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporates religious, educational and charitable functions </li></ul><ul><li>Large central courtyard </li></ul><ul><li>White building </li></ul>
  23. 25. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/hassanmosque.htm Sultan Hasan Mosque
  24. 26. <ul><li>Iwan </li></ul>
  25. 28. Sinan, interior of the Mosque of Slelim II Turkey – Outshined Christians?
  26. 29. Sultan Muhammad – The court of the Gayumars – watercolor and gold on paper – 1525 - Iran

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