Chapter 4 – Prehistoric Aegean

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Chapter 4 – Prehistoric Aegean

  1. 1. Chapter 4 – Prehistoric Aegean
  2. 2. Minoan <ul><li>Known culture to have large palaces </li></ul><ul><li>Principal palaces sites on Crete are @Knossos, Phaisotos, Kato & Mallia </li></ul><ul><li>Religion part of Minoan Life </li></ul><ul><li>Minotaur – Creature half bull half man = Thesus defeated Minotaur </li></ul><ul><li>labryinth created by King Minos </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cycladic Art <ul><li>2500 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul>
  4. 4. Male Lyre Player – 2700 BCE <ul><li>Playing for deceased in the afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric shapes </li></ul><ul><li>@ graves </li></ul>
  5. 5. Minoan -Architecture <ul><li>Largest Palace @ Knossos </li></ul><ul><li>King Minos- Minotaur </li></ul><ul><li>Place has several rooms, Thick walls, drainage, </li></ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul><ul><li>Terracotta piping </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Doric Order ( of columns) </li></ul>
  6. 8. Minoan Paintings Bull Leaping from the Palace of Knossos -1450 -1400 BCE Fresco <ul><li>Bull- sweeping lines </li></ul><ul><li>Human figures are stylized </li></ul><ul><li>Minoan Pinched waists </li></ul><ul><li>Full profile eye </li></ul>
  7. 9. Miniature Ships Fresco-Akotiri, Thera- 1650 BCE Fresco <ul><li>Akrotiri frescos decorated </li></ul><ul><li>the walls of houses </li></ul><ul><li>Dolphins </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul>
  8. 10. Spring Fresco – 1650 BCE Cyclades –Fresco Island/Breeze <ul><li>Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Realism? </li></ul>
  9. 11. Kamares ware Jar – Crete – 1800BCE <ul><li>Crete potters fashioned sophisticated shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Creamy white and reddish brown </li></ul><ul><li>Fishnet </li></ul>
  10. 12. Marine Style Jar – 1500BCE <ul><li>Tentacles of the octopus reach out over the curving surface </li></ul>
  11. 13. Harvesters Vase – Crete, Greece 1500 BCE <ul><li>Crowd singing, riot </li></ul><ul><li>Old age profile </li></ul><ul><li>Scenes of harvesting were common also in Egyptian art </li></ul>
  12. 14. Snake Goddess – Knossos, Greece 1600 BCE <ul><li>Fertility symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Reminiscent of Egyptian and Near East </li></ul><ul><li>Feline on her head </li></ul>
  13. 15. Young god from Palaikastro ( Crete) 1500-1475 BCE Ivory, Gold, rock crystal <ul><li>Costly cult image </li></ul><ul><li>Miniature details of veins </li></ul><ul><li>Could be a god rather than a mortal </li></ul><ul><li>Black from fire </li></ul>
  14. 16. Mycenaean Art – Citadel at Tiryns, Greece 1400-1200BCE <ul><li>“ Citadels Giants Built” </li></ul><ul><li>Homer knew of Tiryns </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclopean masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy walls – 20ft of thickness </li></ul><ul><li>Long Gallery Corbelled vault </li></ul>
  15. 17. Corbeled Gallery
  16. 19. Kings Hall <ul><li>http://www.grisel.net/tiryns.htm </li></ul>
  17. 20. Lions Gate – 1300-1250BCE Greece <ul><li>Monstrous guardian figures at entrance to palace tombs and sacred places </li></ul>
  18. 22. Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece 1300-1250 BCE
  19. 23. Treasury of Atreus, 1300-1250
  20. 24. Funerary Mask from Grave Circle A Beaten Gold, 1600-1500BCE
  21. 25. Inlaid dagger blade with Lion Hunt -1600-1500 Bce
  22. 26. Female Head from Mycenae, Greece 1300-1250 BCE Painted Plaster <ul><li>Facial Paint tattoos of figures of women </li></ul><ul><li>Cult statue </li></ul>
  23. 27. Warrior Vase – 1200 BCE

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