Ch.28 Rococo

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Ch.28, Rococo, art history, ap

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Ch.28 Rococo

  1. 1. Ch. 28 - The Rococo French ro caille – pebble or shell Baro cco – baroque
  2. 2. <ul><li>Aristocrats parallel in the shift the Baroque to the Rococo </li></ul><ul><li>Fete galante – which portrays the aristocracy in their leisurely pursuits. Paintings can be seductive </li></ul><ul><li>Lavish, no straight lines in the Rococo – sophisticated and elegantly refined. </li></ul><ul><li>Curves are a prominent feature in the Rococo architecture </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fragonard – The Swing -1766 Flowers and figures dominate the setting Colors are not thick or richly painted Made for private display
  4. 4. Cuvillies – Hall of Mirrors
  5. 5. Neumann – Church of the 14 Saints -1743
  6. 6. Watteau – The Return from Cythera -1717
  7. 7. The Enlightment <ul><li>18 th Century – revolutions erupted in France and America – ( French, American and Industrial Revolution in England all happened at the same time) </li></ul><ul><li>Social and economic life dissolved. </li></ul><ul><li>The Enlightment was a new way to think critically about the world. To think independent of religion, myth and tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning theories, god, and now experimenting with science. Voltaire and his writings were very important </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hunter – Child in Womb - 1774
  9. 9. Joesph Wright of Derby – A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at a Orrery - 1763
  10. 10. Darby III & Pritchard – Iron Bridge at Coalbrookdale, England -1776 <ul><li>Bridge made out of iron </li></ul><ul><li>Previous bridges made out of wood </li></ul>
  11. 11. Voltaire and Rousseau <ul><li>Voltaire believed that the salvation of humanity was in advancement of science and the improvement of society </li></ul><ul><li>Rousseau said that the “arts” had corrupted humanity from its original condition. “ Nature alone must be our guide” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Greuze – The Village Bride - 1761
  13. 13. Vigee – Lebrun – Self Portrait 1790 Inspired by Rubens Light Rococo touch to the coloring
  14. 14. Peter Paul Rubens
  15. 15. English Painters & The Enlightment
  16. 16. Hogarth – Breakfast Scene - 1745 Reaction against Rococo themes: simple, honest, unaffected, people in natural settings/jobs elimination of ornament direct plain moral genre painting lower classes, non-aristocrats portrayed
  17. 17. Gainsborough – Blue Boy -1779 <ul><li>Influenced by Watteau – feathery light – hued landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Over 700 portraits exist </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Paul van Dyck </li></ul>
  18. 19. Reynolds - Lord Heathfield -1787
  19. 20. Gainsborough – Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan -1787 <ul><li>Beaut </li></ul>Beauty of the subject matches the natural surroundings - Aristocratic Rococo sophistication with naturalism
  20. 21. Sir Joshua Reynolds – Lord Heathfield - 1787 <ul><li>-Ruddy English Officer </li></ul><ul><li>-Defended the great rock against the </li></ul><ul><li>-Spanish and the French, earned the </li></ul><ul><li>a huge Key to the a fortress as a victory </li></ul><ul><li>Hands have simple gestures </li></ul>
  21. 22. Colonial America <ul><li>Neoclassicism </li></ul><ul><li>- Neoclassicism inspired by the unearthing of the ruins at Pompeii and books of Johann Winckelmann (first art history book) in 1764 </li></ul><ul><li>Classical allusions ( with contemporary portraits) </li></ul><ul><li>18 th century – Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightment brings on rejection of royal & aristocratic authority </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Training at academies around Europe and the US </li></ul>
  22. 23. Benjamin West – The Death of General Wolfe - 1771
  23. 24. Copley – Portrait of Paul Revere -1768
  24. 25. Neoclassicism – late 1700s <ul><li>Renewed interest in classical antiquity </li></ul><ul><li>Fascination with Greek and Roman was widespread ( affected fashion and interior decoration) </li></ul>
  25. 26. Kauffmann- Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures -1875 <ul><li>Exemplum virtutis </li></ul><ul><li>Roman setting </li></ul>
  26. 27. David – Oath of the Horatti - 1784 -Story of three Roman Brothers ( the Horatti who do battle with the other brothers the Curiatti) -Exemplum virtutis -Tripartite composition
  27. 28. David – The Death of Marat -1793
  28. 29. David – The Coronation of Napoleon - 1805
  29. 30. Jefferson – Monticello -1770 Symmetrical interior design Tall French doors and windows Inspired by Roman ruins in France
  30. 31. Pauline Borghese as Venus -1808

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