Counter Reformation Chapter. 22<br />
The Spanish Empire<br />
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was an explorer from Genoa, Italy. He had made landfall in the Americas on October 12, 14...
Cortes in Mexico<br />Plan of Tenochtitlan, from Cortes first letter to the king of Spain. 1521<br />
Aztecs confront the Spaniards<br />
Spanish massacre Aztecs nobles in the temple courtyard<br />
Pizarro in Peru <br />Atahuallpa, from Peru.<br />
The acquisition of gold and silver, and other treasure was strong motivation for European colonization of the Americas.<br...
The Counter-Reformation<br />
Spain and France<br />King Charles V of Spain and Francis I of France hated each other and were in a state of constant war...
Charles V in trouble<br />Charles’ kingdom was immense<br />Made bigger with lands of Holy Roman Empire<br />Suleiman the ...
Unite against Protestantism<br />Charles entered France<br />Francis became frightened and wanted peace<br />The feud was ...
The Council of Trent<br />At Trento, Northern Italy beginning in December of 1545<br />A council called to reform the Cath...
The council of Trent<br />
Reforms of the Council<br />Council’s main goal was to restore discipline in the church order<br />End of selling offices ...
Reforms of the council<br />Anti-luxury, emphasis on simple piety<br />Ended sales of indulgences<br />Reemphasized the tr...
Arts of the Reformation<br />The Church insisted on the use of religious imagery<br />Required religious figures to be use...
Arts of the Reformation<br />Music was strongly influenced by the Council’s new mandates<br />Music was to be strictly rel...
Giovanni Pierluigida Palestrina<br />16th century composer<br />Choirmaster in the CapellaGiuliana in the Vatican<br />Wro...
Giovanni Pierluigida Palestrina<br />First composer to have his complete works published<br />Included secular works<br />...
MissaPapaeMarcelli<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y28ZRYF9Q-4<br />Example of requirements of the Council<br />Words ...
MissaPapaeMarcelli<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y28ZRYF9Q-4<br />Example of requirements of the Council<br />Words ...
Michelangelo &  the Rise of Mannerism<br />*Michelangelo was a famous and highly skilled sculptor and artist.  <br />*New ...
Michelangelo &the Rise ofMannerism Cont.<br /> Michelangelo’s new art style exhibited:<br /> distorted figures, artificial...
Victory by Michelangelo; Marble 8’ 7” Palazzo, Vecehio 1520’s<br /><ul><li>Serpentine figure
Opinions of meaning </li></li></ul><li>Last Judgment by Michelangelo; Fresco 48x44’ Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome 1534-41<...
“Provoked controversy because of nude religious figures”   </li></li></ul><li>Other Mannerist Artist<br />Giovanni Bologna...
Mannerist Arts<br />
Mannerism: High Renaissance<br />Mannerism: Artistic style that predominated in Italy from the end of the High Renaissance...
Mannerist Artists<br />Michelangelo Buonarroti<br />Amico Aspertini<br />Perino Del vaga<br />Giovanni Battista Moroni<br ...
Pontormo and Mannerism YOUTUBE VIDEO<br />
Inquisition and Innovation<br />
Veronese<br />In 1542 Pope Paul III began the Roman Inquisition<br />Veronese (born Paolo Cagliari but named after his cit...
The Spanish Inquisition<br />Began in 1478<br />Was created to convert all non-Christian Spaniards <br />First target were...
Conversos<br />Conversos term for Converted Jews <br />They went after the conversos who they thought had a suspect conver...
Teresa of Avila<br />Born from a <br />Conversos family<br />Founded Discalced Carmelite<br />1567 – The Way to Perfection...
Cervantes and Picaresque<br />Miguel de Cervantes <br />Author of Don Quixote<br />Considered first great modern novel <br...
THE END<br />
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Counter Reformation - Chapter 22

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Counter Reformation - Chapter 22

  1. 1. Counter Reformation Chapter. 22<br />
  2. 2. The Spanish Empire<br />
  3. 3. Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was an explorer from Genoa, Italy. He had made landfall in the Americas on October 12, 1492.<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Cortes in Mexico<br />Plan of Tenochtitlan, from Cortes first letter to the king of Spain. 1521<br />
  6. 6. Aztecs confront the Spaniards<br />
  7. 7. Spanish massacre Aztecs nobles in the temple courtyard<br />
  8. 8. Pizarro in Peru <br />Atahuallpa, from Peru.<br />
  9. 9. The acquisition of gold and silver, and other treasure was strong motivation for European colonization of the Americas.<br />The treasures of gold and silver that were brought back were melted down for currency, far more important that their artistic value to the military Spanish monarchy.<br />In fact almost no gold or silver object survived from the conquest.<br />Gold and Silver : The Monetary Motive <br />
  10. 10. The Counter-Reformation<br />
  11. 11. Spain and France<br />King Charles V of Spain and Francis I of France hated each other and were in a state of constant war<br />Neither could defeat the other<br />Their resentment goes back to Charles’ election to the Holy Roman Emperor over Francis<br />The pope backed Francis but Charles Bought the votes of the electors<br />
  12. 12. Charles V in trouble<br />Charles’ kingdom was immense<br />Made bigger with lands of Holy Roman Empire<br />Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire killed Charles’ brother in law on Francis’ request<br />Charles realized how susceptible to attack his empire was<br />
  13. 13. Unite against Protestantism<br />Charles entered France<br />Francis became frightened and wanted peace<br />The feud was ended<br />Catholic kings united and called for a council to address the Protestant threat<br />
  14. 14. The Council of Trent<br />At Trento, Northern Italy beginning in December of 1545<br />A council called to reform the Catholic church<br />Protestantism could not be defeated militarily<br />Reform was made in an effort to win back believers<br />Met in three sessions over 18 years<br />
  15. 15. The council of Trent<br />
  16. 16. Reforms of the Council<br />Council’s main goal was to restore discipline in the church order<br />End of selling offices and religious goods<br />Sent bishops back to their dioceses from Rome<br />Held bishops to their responsibilities to the parishioners<br />Bishops must remain celibate <br />
  17. 17. Reforms of the council<br />Anti-luxury, emphasis on simple piety<br />Ended sales of indulgences<br />Reemphasized the traditional values of Catholicism<br />
  18. 18. Arts of the Reformation<br />The Church insisted on the use of religious imagery<br />Required religious figures to be used in art<br />Forbade any unnecessary art techniques<br />Emphasis on the way art would influence the viewer’s soul into the faith <br />
  19. 19. Arts of the Reformation<br />Music was strongly influenced by the Council’s new mandates<br />Music was to be strictly religious<br />Devoid of anything secular<br />
  20. 20. Giovanni Pierluigida Palestrina<br />16th century composer<br />Choirmaster in the CapellaGiuliana in the Vatican<br />Wrote 104 mass settings, 375 motets, 80 hymns, and 140 songs<br />
  21. 21. Giovanni Pierluigida Palestrina<br />First composer to have his complete works published<br />Included secular works<br />Highly influential composer of his day<br />
  22. 22. MissaPapaeMarcelli<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y28ZRYF9Q-4<br />Example of requirements of the Council<br />Words are sung to be clear and audible for the audience to understand<br />
  23. 23. MissaPapaeMarcelli<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y28ZRYF9Q-4<br />Example of requirements of the Council<br />Words are sung to be clear and audible for the audience to understand<br />
  24. 24. Michelangelo & the Rise of Mannerism<br />*Michelangelo was a famous and highly skilled sculptor and artist. <br />*New direction of style and technique<br />
  25. 25. Michelangelo &the Rise ofMannerism Cont.<br /> Michelangelo’s new art style exhibited:<br /> distorted figures, artificial poses , mysterious settings , and enlarged proportions characteristics<br />Discarded Classical traditions of balanced, symmetric, realistic art.<br />Church disliked Michelangelo’sprovoking style<br />
  26. 26. Victory by Michelangelo; Marble 8’ 7” Palazzo, Vecehio 1520’s<br /><ul><li>Serpentine figure
  27. 27. Opinions of meaning </li></li></ul><li>Last Judgment by Michelangelo; Fresco 48x44’ Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome 1534-41<br /><ul><li> Expresses Mannerism through Serpentine figure technique
  28. 28. “Provoked controversy because of nude religious figures” </li></li></ul><li>Other Mannerist Artist<br />Giovanni Bologna, <br />Rape of Sabine Woman;<br /> Marble<br />Corregio, Jupiter and Io; <br />Oil on Canvas<br />Benvenuto Cellini, Perseus; <br />
  29. 29. Mannerist Arts<br />
  30. 30. Mannerism: High Renaissance<br />Mannerism: Artistic style that predominated in Italy from the end of the High Renaissance in the 1520s to the beginnings of the Baroque style around 1590.<br />Luigi Lanzi (Italian archaeologist).<br />
  31. 31. Mannerist Artists<br />Michelangelo Buonarroti<br />Amico Aspertini<br />Perino Del vaga<br />Giovanni Battista Moroni<br />Luca Cambiaso…<br />
  32. 32. Pontormo and Mannerism YOUTUBE VIDEO<br />
  33. 33. Inquisition and Innovation<br />
  34. 34. Veronese<br />In 1542 Pope Paul III began the Roman Inquisition<br />Veronese (born Paolo Cagliari but named after his city) was called forward for his painting<br />Was forced to correct his painting in 3 months but istead changed the name of it from the Last Supper to Feast in the House of Levi<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. The Spanish Inquisition<br />Began in 1478<br />Was created to convert all non-Christian Spaniards <br />First target were the Muslims of al-Andalus<br />Used friendly persuasion at first. But in 1500 the clergy began to baptize the Muslims. <br />Moriscos<br />In October of 1501 after all the Muslims were baptized they burned all of the Arabic books <br />
  37. 37. Conversos<br />Conversos term for Converted Jews <br />They went after the conversos who they thought had a suspect conversion<br />On March 31 King Ferdidnad and Queen Isabella issued an edict of expulsion for the Jewish people. <br />Stated that all Jewish must convert or leave the country.<br />
  38. 38. Teresa of Avila<br />Born from a <br />Conversos family<br />Founded Discalced Carmelite<br />1567 – The Way to Perfection<br />1577- The Interior Castle<br />
  39. 39. Cervantes and Picaresque<br />Miguel de Cervantes <br />Author of Don Quixote<br />Considered first great modern novel <br />Picaresque is genre that tells of and adventure of a hero that comes from a low social ranking.<br />Lazarillo de Tormes<br />
  40. 40. THE END<br />

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