Northern Ren And New Monarchs (McKay 13.5&6)

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Northern Ren And New Monarchs (McKay 13.5&6)

  1. 1. The Renaissance in the North and Political Change Bozeman High School – AP European History McKay et al., 7 th ed. – Chapter 13, Section 5 & 6
  2. 2. Essential Questions <ul><li>What are the political, social, economic, and intellectual foundations of modern Europe? How do those forces interact? </li></ul><ul><li>How are nation-states formed and developed, and how do they regard the individual? </li></ul><ul><li>How do the art and literature of a time express its fundamental values? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the preoccupations and assumptions of any age? How do those express themselves in political, social, and economic movements? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Renaissance in the North <ul><li>Begin in last quarter of the 15htC </li></ul><ul><li>More Christian than Italian Ren, stressed social reform base on Christian ideals </li></ul><ul><li>More perfect world by combining the best elements of classical and Christian cultures </li></ul>
  4. 4. Northern Renaissance--Writing <ul><li>Thomas More (1478-1535) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utopia (1516)--Socialistic society based on common ownership and social equality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Erasmus (1466?-1536) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on education as the key to a moral and intellectual improvement and inner Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity is Christ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>François Rabelais (1490?-1553) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distinctly secular but believed that institutions molded individuals ant that education was key to moral life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gargantua and Pantagrel were spoofs on French Social life </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Northern Renaissance--Art <ul><li>More religious than in Italy and less influenced by classical themes and motifs </li></ul><ul><li>Van Eyck (1366-1441) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Realistic works with attention to human personality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jerome Bosh (1450?-1516) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used religion and folk legends as themes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>City halls of N. Euro were grand architectural monuments </li></ul>
  6. 6. Politics and the State in the Renaissance (ca. 1450-1521) <ul><li>15thC rulers began the process of order through centralization of power </li></ul><ul><li>Result was rise of many powerful and ruthless rulers interested in central power and elimination of disorder and violence </li></ul><ul><li>Many seemed to be acting according to Machiavelli’s principles </li></ul><ul><li>Kingship with a strong sense of royal authority and national purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Not entirely original had some roots in the Middle Ages </li></ul>
  7. 7. France <ul><li>Charles VII (r. 1422-1461) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ushered in an age of recovery and ended civil war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expelled the English, reorganized the royal council, strengthened royal finances, reformed the justice system, and remodeled the army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made the church subject to the state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Louis XI expanded the the French state and laid the foundations of later French absolutism </li></ul>
  8. 8. England <ul><li>Feudal lords controlled the royal council and Parliament in the fifteenth century </li></ul><ul><li>War of the Roses 1455-1471 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of York vs House of Lancaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurt trade agriculture, and domestic industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edward IV reduced their reliance on Parliament for funds </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VII manipulates Parliament and thus the aristocracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Council and the Court of Star Chamber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won the support of the upper middle class promoting their interest in money, trade, and stability </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Spain <ul><li>Ferdinand and Isabella m. --last major step in the unification and Christianization of Spain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remaind a loose confederation of separate states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hermandades to administer royal justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restructured the royal council to curb aristocratic power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Church used to strengthen royal authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reconquista completed in 1492 but many Jews remained b/c of aid to royal power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversos --converted Jews but still disliked and distrusted--out of fear of loss of public office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revival of the Inquisition and use of methods unify Spain and expel Jews </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Essential Questions <ul><li>What are the political, social, economic, and intellectual foundations of modern Europe? How do those forces interact? </li></ul><ul><li>How are nation-states formed and developed, and how do they regard the individual? </li></ul><ul><li>How do the art and literature of a time express its fundamental values? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the preoccupations and assumptions of any age? How do those express themselves in political, social, and economic movements? </li></ul>

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