15 th  Century Italian Art- Humanism and Antiquity Chapter 21 p574
Allure of Antiquity <ul><li>Humanism/ political/ economic </li></ul><ul><li>Quest for knowledge- Greeks and Romans </li></...
The Medici Family and Princely Courts <ul><li>Banking Family -Medici Family who had managed to prosper economically came t...
A Competition in 1330 <ul><li>Florence baptistery doors </li></ul><ul><li>Great prestige if you won </li></ul><ul><li>Pisa...
The Competition, Who Won?   Brunelleschi – Sacrifice of Isaac – 1400 Drapery, flying Issac’s throat, knife Ghiberti – Sacr...
Donatello – Feast of Herod 1425 <ul><li>Each character has a different face </li></ul><ul><li>King Herod receives the head...
Ghiberti –  the doors are lighter, more illusion
Di Banco – Four Crowned Saints - 1408 <ul><li>More space to work with </li></ul><ul><li>Drapery </li></ul><ul><li>Rome </l...
Donatello – St. Mark 1413 <ul><li>Movement  </li></ul><ul><li>Drapery </li></ul><ul><li>Doryphoros </li></ul><ul><li>Shift...
Habbakuk – Seer aka Pumpkin Head by Donatello
Da Favriano- Adoration of the Magi - 1423 <ul><li>Gentile, Gothic  </li></ul><ul><li>Frame over elaborate </li></ul><ul><l...
Masaccio – Tribute Money - 1427 <ul><li>Descendant of Giotto, calm style </li></ul><ul><li>Tax collector – St. Peter retri...
Masaccio –  Expulsion from Eden -  <ul><li>Hazy background </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relief with light </li></ul><ul><li>Adam...
Masaccio – Holy Trinity - 1428 <ul><li>Illusionism important </li></ul><ul><li>Vanishing point at the foot of the cross </...
Florence Cathedral – Dome – Brunelleschi - 1420 <ul><li>Brunelleschi turned to arch after loosing the baptistery commissio...
Santo Spirito – Basilica Church Brunelleschi 1436 Rhythmic harmony , clarity no room for murals <ul><li>Cruciform shape </...
Private Chapels - Brunelleschi <ul><li>Pazzi family gift to the church of Santo spirito, medallions serve on the corners a...
 
Medici as Patrons <ul><li>Medici’s had a fortune </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo intended to build his palace </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Medici Palace 1445 -  Bartolommeo <ul><li>Building looks higher as you look up </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Rusticated masonry ...
Donatello – David Late 1420s <ul><li>Classically inspired </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned by the Medici’s </li></ul><ul><li...
Verrocchio - David <ul><li>Important sculptor during the late 15 th  century </li></ul><ul><li>Very realistic, quiet, clas...
Pollaiuolo – Battle of the Ten Nudes - 1465 <ul><li>Twisted bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Nude fig...
Botticelli – Birth of Venus- 1482 <ul><li>Zephyrus blows Venus- born of sea foam and carried on a cockle shell to her sacr...
Rise of Portraiture – Botticelli 1480s  (Tempera on Panel) <ul><li>Exploration of character – Botticelli </li></ul><ul><li...
Equestrian Sculpture <ul><li>Dominant in character </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait of Erasmo da Narni – 1450 </li></ul><ul><li>...
Ghirlandaio – Florentine Art 1488 <ul><li>A wealthy man’s daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid,  prominent placement </li></ul...
Ghirlandaio – Saint Anne – mother of Mary - 1485
Alberti – Florence Italy - 1452 <ul><li>Classical elements to contemporary buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Building – Palazzo ...
Alberti – Santa Maria Novella – 1458 –Rations, pre Gothic design,
Images of Devotion  <ul><li>Fra Angelico -1440 </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican Monastery  </li></ul><ul><li>Simple image, clar...
Castagno – Last Supper -1447 <ul><li>Biblical narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Lavish </li></ul><...
Perugino –  Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter – Vatican  1481 Total Authority – Roman Catholic Chur...
Alberti – Sant ‘ Andrea-  1470 Classical elements, rebuilding a church
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Chap 21 15th century italian art humanism and antiquity

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Chap 21 15th century italian art humanism and antiquity

  1. 1. 15 th Century Italian Art- Humanism and Antiquity Chapter 21 p574
  2. 2. Allure of Antiquity <ul><li>Humanism/ political/ economic </li></ul><ul><li>Quest for knowledge- Greeks and Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Dante – Divine Comedy ( Heaven & Hell) </li></ul><ul><li>Humanist believed in individual potential and encouraged individual achievement along with civic responsibility. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Medici Family and Princely Courts <ul><li>Banking Family -Medici Family who had managed to prosper economically came to artistic circles </li></ul><ul><li>Not a court family </li></ul><ul><li>Princely courts- high demand for art/ many people working for the prince, court artists needed </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Competition in 1330 <ul><li>Florence baptistery doors </li></ul><ul><li>Great prestige if you won </li></ul><ul><li>Pisano and Giovanni did the south side doors </li></ul><ul><li>The Subject – Sacrifice of Isaac for the second set of doors </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Competition, Who Won? Brunelleschi – Sacrifice of Isaac – 1400 Drapery, flying Issac’s throat, knife Ghiberti – Sacrifice of Isaac -1400 , S Curve, posed, Roman?, nude male
  6. 6. Donatello – Feast of Herod 1425 <ul><li>Each character has a different face </li></ul><ul><li>King Herod receives the head of John the Baptist. </li></ul><ul><li>Horror </li></ul><ul><li>Children move back </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective- Ancient Roman illusionism returned </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ghiberti – the doors are lighter, more illusion
  8. 8. Di Banco – Four Crowned Saints - 1408 <ul><li>More space to work with </li></ul><ul><li>Drapery </li></ul><ul><li>Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Saints </li></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><li>(saint means holy to God) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Donatello – St. Mark 1413 <ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Drapery </li></ul><ul><li>Doryphoros </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting weight </li></ul><ul><li>Outside niche? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Habbakuk – Seer aka Pumpkin Head by Donatello
  11. 11. Da Favriano- Adoration of the Magi - 1423 <ul><li>Gentile, Gothic </li></ul><ul><li>Frame over elaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental trends </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalistic meets inventive </li></ul><ul><li>International style </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate costumed styles </li></ul><ul><li>Forshortened forms </li></ul>
  12. 12. Masaccio – Tribute Money - 1427 <ul><li>Descendant of Giotto, calm style </li></ul><ul><li>Tax collector – St. Peter retrieves money (state income tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Narrative –modeling – blurring of background as the background descends </li></ul>
  13. 13. Masaccio – Expulsion from Eden - <ul><li>Hazy background </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relief with light </li></ul><ul><li>Adam’s feet on the ground represent the decent into the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>They are stumbling in blindly </li></ul>
  14. 14. Masaccio – Holy Trinity - 1428 <ul><li>Illusionism important </li></ul><ul><li>Vanishing point at the foot of the cross </li></ul><ul><li>Pictorial Illusionism </li></ul><ul><li>Made as a tombstone </li></ul><ul><li>Brunelleschi- inspired architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Despair of death below </li></ul>
  15. 15. Florence Cathedral – Dome – Brunelleschi - 1420 <ul><li>Brunelleschi turned to arch after loosing the baptistery commission. Turned to architecture was heavily influenced by Roman architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Solve engineering problems, Used new building methods, made new machinery, made the dome a pointed arch </li></ul>
  16. 16. Santo Spirito – Basilica Church Brunelleschi 1436 Rhythmic harmony , clarity no room for murals <ul><li>Cruciform shape </li></ul>
  17. 17. Private Chapels - Brunelleschi <ul><li>Pazzi family gift to the church of Santo spirito, medallions serve on the corners as pendentives. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Medici as Patrons <ul><li>Medici’s had a fortune </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo intended to build his palace </li></ul><ul><li>He had political power as well </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy families struggled for power, Medici’s got kicked out of Florence </li></ul><ul><li>Hired Bartolommeo to work on his palace( Bart- worked with Donatello) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Medici Palace 1445 - Bartolommeo <ul><li>Building looks higher as you look up </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Rusticated masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Independence from the antique </li></ul><ul><li>Early Renaissance style </li></ul>
  20. 21. Donatello – David Late 1420s <ul><li>Classically inspired </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned by the Medici’s </li></ul><ul><li>First free standing sculpture since ancient times </li></ul><ul><li>Classical nude </li></ul><ul><li>Biblical David slaying Goliath </li></ul>
  21. 22. Verrocchio - David <ul><li>Important sculptor during the late 15 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Very realistic, quiet, classic </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter stance </li></ul>
  22. 23. Pollaiuolo – Battle of the Ten Nudes - 1465 <ul><li>Twisted bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Nude figure </li></ul><ul><li>Slashing no mercy </li></ul><ul><li>muscles </li></ul>
  23. 24. Botticelli – Birth of Venus- 1482 <ul><li>Zephyrus blows Venus- born of sea foam and carried on a cockle shell to her sacred island Cyprus. Nymph covers her </li></ul><ul><li>Mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy </li></ul><ul><li>Romance </li></ul>
  24. 25. Rise of Portraiture – Botticelli 1480s (Tempera on Panel) <ul><li>Exploration of character – Botticelli </li></ul><ul><li>Elegant hand gesture </li></ul><ul><li>Expressing </li></ul><ul><li>Worked with Fra Filippo Lippi </li></ul>
  25. 26. Equestrian Sculpture <ul><li>Dominant in character </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait of Erasmo da Narni – 1450 </li></ul><ul><li>Military leaders –Venetian commander </li></ul>
  26. 27. Ghirlandaio – Florentine Art 1488 <ul><li>A wealthy man’s daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid, prominent placement </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred </li></ul>
  27. 28. Ghirlandaio – Saint Anne – mother of Mary - 1485
  28. 29. Alberti – Florence Italy - 1452 <ul><li>Classical elements to contemporary buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Building – Palazzo Rucellai – 1452 </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter at top </li></ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul>
  29. 30. Alberti – Santa Maria Novella – 1458 –Rations, pre Gothic design,
  30. 31. Images of Devotion <ul><li>Fra Angelico -1440 </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican Monastery </li></ul><ul><li>Simple image, clarity </li></ul>
  31. 32. Castagno – Last Supper -1447 <ul><li>Biblical narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Lavish </li></ul><ul><li>Both ceiling and floor visible? </li></ul>
  32. 33. Perugino – Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter – Vatican 1481 Total Authority – Roman Catholic Church - Rome
  33. 34. Alberti – Sant ‘ Andrea- 1470 Classical elements, rebuilding a church

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