The Legislative Branch New


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The Legislative Branch New

  1. 1. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>What institutions comprise the legislative branch? </li></ul><ul><li>What are duties and responsibilities of Congress? </li></ul><ul><li>How does Congress preserve democracy? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Structure US Government Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch
  3. 3. Structure US Government Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch President Vice President Cabinet
  4. 4. Structure US Government Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch President Vice President Cabinet Congress Senate House of Representatives
  5. 5. <ul><li>US Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Article I: The Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connecticut Compromises </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bicameral </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Residence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Constituents <ul><li>Apportionment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate is based on statehood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50 states X 2 senators in each =100 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House: Contingent on population size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every state gets at least one regardless to the population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the 2000 census, for every 646,952 people, the state receives one House of Representative member </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Voter Behavior <ul><li>The Power of Incumbency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“You have to win the open seats by a rather substantial proportion because, unless you have a nationalized race, the incumbents are going to win” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Samples, director of the Center for Representative Government at the Cato Institute. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name recognition, fund-raising, pork barrel </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Manipulating Congressional Distribution <ul><li>Gerrymandering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A controversial form of redistricting in which electoral district boundaries are manipulated for an electoral advantage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The term was used in the early 1800 to described the appearance of a strange electoral district Elbridge Gerry created in order to disadvantage his electoral opponents. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Gerrymandered Districts
  10. 10. Powers and Duties <ul><li>Senate (Upper House) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratify treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm federal judges, ambassadors, Cabinet members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try and remove the president though impeachment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives (Lower House) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Propose apportionment bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impeach the president </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversight </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Powers and Duties <ul><li>Both chambers together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of the purse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declare war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Override a veto with 2/3 vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amend the Constitution with 2/3 vote </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Law Making President Both chambers One chamber Full Committee Subcommittee Addressed by Representatives Public Needs
  13. 13. Law Making Process
  14. 14. Congressional Duties <ul><li>Who are these men and what did they finish doing? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the tone of congressional debates? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a positive way of running the debates? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Standing and Select Committees <ul><li>Significance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most work in the law making process is done in the committees and subcommittees. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bills most likely die before ever getting to the floor of Congress. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Internal Structure Committee on Ways and Means Health Human Resources Oversight Select Revenue Measures Social Security Trade Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Bioterrorism and public health preparedness Education and Early Childhood Development Employment and Work Place Safety Retirement Security and Aging
  17. 17. Law Making <ul><li>Step 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue in society needs government intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress person address the need by creating a bill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces the bill to the House or Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders of either the House or Senate assigns bill to a subcommittee for research </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Law Making <ul><li>Step 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If bill is agreed upon in subcommittee then sent to the full committee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If passed through the full committee then it goes to either the floor of the House or Senate for a full debate and vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If bill is passed through one camber, then it goes to the other chamber for a vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If both chambers agree on the identical bill, then it is sent to the president. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The president can sign the bill to make it a law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He can veto it, and the bill goes back to the Congress. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Oversight <ul><li>Monitor the actions of the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duties and responsibilities of the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punish malfeasance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency and effectiveness of government institutions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Congressional Duties <ul><li>Who does the bride and groom represent? </li></ul><ul><li>How does this cartoon represents checks and balances? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Checks and Balances <ul><li>What type of relationship do the two have? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Checks and Balances <ul><li>How does the phrase it takes two to tango apply to the Congress and the President? </li></ul><ul><li>List the many ways, this is true? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Presidential Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commander and Chief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appoint judges, ambassadors, and the Cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign to become a law or Veto it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiate treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congressional Checks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declare and Fund War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirmation of these officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratify treaties </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Quiz <ul><li>How is Congress roles central to democracy? Provide at least 2 specific examples. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Key Vocabulary <ul><li>Bicameral </li></ul><ul><li>Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Quorum </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Majority </li></ul><ul><li>Super Majority </li></ul><ul><li>Filibuster </li></ul><ul><li>Pork Barrel </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents </li></ul><ul><li>Incumbent </li></ul><ul><li>Gerrymandering </li></ul><ul><li>Apportionment </li></ul><ul><li>Caucus </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbyist </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul><ul><li>President Pro Tempore </li></ul><ul><li>Bill and Law </li></ul><ul><li>Oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul>