Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

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I downloaded this presentation directly from the Department for International Development's Sustainable Livelihood Guidance Sheets. http://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&ved=0CG0QFjAG&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.powershow.com%2Fview%2F142e13-ZGM5N%2FThe_Sustainable_Livelihoods_Framework_flash_ppt_presentation&ei=Wxe8T7raHsbYigfXqvTIDw&usg=AFQjCNFAxoScOZt6zVypzijcwVw1J1gxUA&sig2=ex2sYV3-BXadXVE7N-yzng

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Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

  1. 1. Sustainable Livelihoods <ul><ul><li>A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintains or enhances its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework <ul><li>It’s ONE WAY of “organising” the complex issues surrounding POVERTY </li></ul><ul><li>It’s NOT the ONLY WAY </li></ul><ul><li>It needs to be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made appropriate to local circumstances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made appropriate to local priorities </li></ul></ul>Slide 1 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  3. 3. Livelihoods assets Financial Capital Natural Capital Social Capital Physical Capital Human Capital The Poor Slide 2 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  4. 4. Human Capital <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to work </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to adapt </li></ul>Slide 3 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  5. 5. Natural Capital <ul><li>Land and produce </li></ul><ul><li>Water & aquatic resources </li></ul><ul><li>Trees and forest products </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Wild foods & fibres </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental services </li></ul>Slide 4 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  6. 6. Social Capital <ul><li>Networks and connections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>patronage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neighbourhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kinship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relations of trust and mutual support </li></ul><ul><li>Formal and informal groups </li></ul><ul><li>Common rules and sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Collective representation </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanisms for participation in decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul>Slide 5 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  7. 7. Physical Capital <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>transport - roads, vehicles, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secure shelter & buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>water supply & sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>communications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools and techology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tools and equipment for production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seed, fertiliser, pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>traditional technology </li></ul></ul>Slide 6 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  8. 8. Financial Capital <ul><li>Savings </li></ul><ul><li>Credit/debt - formal, informal, NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Remittances </li></ul><ul><li>Pensions </li></ul><ul><li>Wages </li></ul>Slide 7 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  9. 9. The Asset Mix <ul><li>Different households with different access to livelihood “assets” </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihoods affected by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>diversityof assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>amount of assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>balance between assets </li></ul></ul>Slide 8 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  10. 10. So…….. <ul><li>Human capital </li></ul><ul><li>labour capacity </li></ul><ul><li>no education </li></ul><ul><li>limited skills </li></ul><ul><li>Natural capital </li></ul><ul><li>landless </li></ul><ul><li>access to common property resources </li></ul><ul><li>Financial capital </li></ul><ul><li>low wages </li></ul><ul><li>no access to credit </li></ul><ul><li>Physical capital </li></ul><ul><li>poor water supply </li></ul><ul><li>poor housing </li></ul><ul><li>poor communications </li></ul><ul><li>Social capital </li></ul><ul><li>low social status </li></ul><ul><li>descrimination against women </li></ul><ul><li>strong links with family & friends </li></ul><ul><li>traditions of reciprocal exchange </li></ul><ul><li>= an extremely reduced “livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>pentagon” </li></ul>Landless female agricultural labourer Slide 9 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Financial Capital Social Capital Physical Capital Human Capital Natural Capital
  11. 11. “ Vulnerability” Context <ul><li>Shocks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floods, droughts, cyclones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deaths in the family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence or civil unrest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seasonality </li></ul><ul><li>Trends and changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Markets and trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globalisation </li></ul></ul>Slide 10 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  12. 12. Vulnerability Context Shocks Seasonality Trends Changes “ Vulnerability” Context Slide 11 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework F P H N S The Poor
  13. 13. Policies, Institutions & Processes <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of different LEVELS of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of interational bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>political, legislative & representative bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>executive agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>judicial bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>civil society & membership organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>law, money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>political parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commercial enterprises & corporations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the “rules of the game” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>decision-making processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social norms & customs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gender, caste, class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>language </li></ul></ul>Slide 12 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  14. 14. Policies Institutions Processes Policies, Institutions & Processes Slide 13 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework F P H N S The Poor Vulnerability Context Shocks Seasonality Trends Changes influence
  15. 15. Livelihood Strategies <ul><li>Combining: </li></ul><ul><li>the assets they can access </li></ul><ul><li>Taking account of: </li></ul><ul><li>the vulnerability context </li></ul><ul><li>Supported or obstructed by: </li></ul><ul><li>policies, institutions and processes. </li></ul><ul><li>……… ..……….. leading to </li></ul>Slide 14 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  16. 16. Livelihood Outcomes <ul><li>Poverty - a “poor” livelihood outcome: </li></ul><ul><li>based on a fragile or unbalanced set of livelihood assets </li></ul><ul><li>unable to sustain to shocks, changes or trends </li></ul><ul><li>not supported, or actively obstructed by policies, institutions and processes that do not allow assets to be used as they might </li></ul><ul><li>livehood options combined in a “bad” or unsustainable strategy </li></ul>Slide 15 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  17. 17. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Policies Institutions Processes Vulnerability Context Shocks Seasonality Trends Changes Livelihood Strategies Slide 16 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework N S F P H The Poor influence Livelihood Outcomes

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