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An introduction to the sustainable livelihoods framework

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An introduction to the sustainable livelihoods framework

  1. 1. An Introduction to the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Peter Thorne Training of Trainers (ToT) on the use of Livelihoods Characterization/Benchmarking Tool (SLATE) Jeldu, Ethiopia, 1-5 April 2013
  2. 2. Why Sustainable Livelihoods?  A way of thinking about scope, priorities and objectives for development.  Identify the range of assets and options open to households.  By doing so, the constraints faced by and opportunities available to them can be clarified.  Multi-dimensional.  Based in householders’ realities
  3. 3. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  4. 4. What are the Capital Asset Classes?  Human – skills, knowledge, ability to labour and good health that together enable people to pursue different livelihood strategies and achieve their livelihood objectives. At a household level human capital is broadly a factor of the amount and quality of labour available.  Natural – natural resource stocks from which resource flows and services (e.g. nutrient cycling, erosion protection) useful for livelihoods are derived  Financial – financial resources that people use to achieve their livelihood objectives (includes capital and income for the purposes of the livelihoods analysis)  Physical – basic infrastructure and producer goods needed to support livelihoods (roads, shelter, milk collection plants etc.).  Social – the social resources upon which people draw in pursuit of their livelihood objectives. Includes family, other social, commercial networks etc., membership of formal organisations (cooperatives etc.)
  5. 5. Livelihoods Pentagons Small-scale commercial poultry Resource poor subsistence
  6. 6. The Process 1: Identifying Asset Indicators  Identify a set of indicators for the communities that we are working in.  Important that these reflect the needs, concerns and opportunities that affect the community  Groups of key informants
  7. 7. The Process 2: Household scoring  Combine indicators identified during step 1.  Assess each household according to these indicators  Weight (importance): 0 to 10 – how relevant is this indicator to the household when compared with all the other indicators.  Score (impact): -5 to +5 – how much does this indicator contribute to or compromise the household’s livelihood.  Vulnerability – Score future perceptions
  8. 8. What will we get from this? Learn about the different livelihoods assets and indicators within a community and their relative importance. Identify benchmarks that can be used to see where individual households are in relation to their neighbours Identify groups (types) of household that are sufficiently similar in nature for them to be able to adopt similar sets of interventions.
  9. 9. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net

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