An introduction to the sustainable livelihoods framework
An Introduction to the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Peter Thorne Training of Trainers (ToT) on the use of Livelihoods Characterization/Benchmarking Tool (SLATE) Jeldu, Ethiopia, 1-5 April 2013
Why Sustainable Livelihoods? A way of thinking about scope, priorities and objectives for development. Identify the range of assets and options open to households. By doing so, the constraints faced by and opportunities available to them can be clarified. Multi-dimensional. Based in householders’ realities
What are the Capital Asset Classes? Human – skills, knowledge, ability to labour and good health that together enable people to pursue different livelihood strategies and achieve their livelihood objectives. At a household level human capital is broadly a factor of the amount and quality of labour available. Natural – natural resource stocks from which resource flows and services (e.g. nutrient cycling, erosion protection) useful for livelihoods are derived Financial – financial resources that people use to achieve their livelihood objectives (includes capital and income for the purposes of the livelihoods analysis) Physical – basic infrastructure and producer goods needed to support livelihoods (roads, shelter, milk collection plants etc.). Social – the social resources upon which people draw in pursuit of their livelihood objectives. Includes family, other social, commercial networks etc., membership of formal organisations (cooperatives etc.)
The Process 1: Identifying AssetIndicators Identify a set of indicators for the communities that we are working in. Important that these reflect the needs, concerns and opportunities that affect the community Groups of key informants
The Process 2: Household scoring Combine indicators identified during step 1. Assess each household according to these indicators Weight (importance): 0 to 10 – how relevant is this indicator to the household when compared with all the other indicators. Score (impact): -5 to +5 – how much does this indicator contribute to or compromise the household’s livelihood. Vulnerability – Score future perceptions
What will we get from this?Learn about the different livelihoods assets andindicators within a community and their relativeimportance.Identify benchmarks that can be used to see whereindividual households are in relation to theirneighboursIdentify groups (types) of household that aresufficiently similar in nature for them to be able toadopt similar sets of interventions.
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