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Disaster Resistant Sustainable Livelihoods(DRSL):a policy framework


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This presentation gives an basic introduction to Disaster Resistant Sustainable Livelihoods(DRSL) framework adopted by Practical Action for sustainable livelihood development.

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Disaster Resistant Sustainable Livelihoods(DRSL):a policy framework

  1. 1. Disaster Resistant Sustainable Livelihoods A policy framework Madhavi Malalgoda Ariyabandu ITDG South Asia 22/06/05
  2. 2. About the Framework • DRSL framework is centred on livelihoods, emphasising the interrelationship between poverty, disaster risk and livelihoods. • Captures the key variables of disaster risk and poverty reduction. • Pointer towards integrating disaster risk reduction with development
  3. 3. Five policy principles • Disasters should be looked at as a part of ecology and they should be managed rather than controlled. • Disasters should be treated as issues of development and governance: state should be made responsive, sensitive and accountable to the demands, needs and rights of disaster-prone communities and areas.
  4. 4. Contd... • Disaster management policies should be redirected towards poverty and vulnerability reduction instead of mere compensation and relief responses. • Disaster management strategies should integrate structural measures with non-structural measures
  5. 5. Contd… Structural: resistant buildings protective dykes, mangrove belts Non- structural: enhancing negotiating power and assets of the most vulnerable communities and subordinate social groups.
  6. 6. Contd.. • Disaster-prone communities should be engaged equitably into the process of disaster-related decision-making and development planning, implementation and monitoring.
  7. 7. RW insert the figure of DRSL here
  8. 8. Application of the framework In South Asia application can mainly be identified as follows: • Approaching disaster management through livelihoods Interventions based on disaster - development linkages , multi hazard risk, vulnerability and capacity analysis
  9. 9. Contd… • Approaching public policy through communities Decentralised governance systems: Strengthening communities, Mobilisation to demand development rights, risk free life and stable livelihoods
  10. 10. Contd.. In the face of the challenges faced by the aftermath of tsunami disaster: • Application of the Principle of subsidiarity • Need based sustainable recovery through locally appropriate recovery interventions based on local risk and hazard scenarios
  11. 11. Emerging research issues • Action research - apply this framework in selected situations/districts • Livelihood diversification- assess current options, research into new • Research into the mechanisms to activate local governance structures to take on the role entrusted to them