Philippine PovertyFirst Semester, 2012Leland Joseph R. Dela CruzDevelopment Studies ProgramSchool of Social SciencesAteneo de Manila University
When is a person consideredpoor? NSCB“Based on Republic Act 8425, otherwise known as theSocial Reform and Poverty Alleviation Act, dated 11December 1997, the poor refers to individuals andfamilies whose income fall below the poverty thresholdas defined by the government and/or those that cannotafford in a sustained manner to provide their basicneeds of food, health, education, housing and otheramenities of life.”The poverty threshold “refers to the minimumincome/expenditure required for a family/individual tomeet the basic food and non-food requirements”.
How does the governmentcompute for the poverty line?1. The government constructs a menu perregion that satisfies basic nutritionalrequirements. The government computesfor the cost of that menu. (ex. P38)2. The government computes for theproportion of total basic expenditures that isbudgeted for food using survey data. (ex.69%)3. The figure obtained in #1 is divided by thefigure obtained in #2. (ex. P38 / 69% =P55) NSCB
What is the Philippine povertyline (2012)?Family/ day*P7,821Family/ month*Family/ year*Individual/ day*Individual/ month*Individual/ year NSCB*Unofficial, self-computed. NSCB reports first semester figures which I thenconvertedP93,852P257P18,770P1,564P51.42
What is the NCR poverty line(2012)?Family/ day*Family/ month*Family/ year*Individual/ day*Individual/ month*Individual/ year* NSCB*Unofficial, self-computed. NSCB reports first semester figures which I thenconvertedP20,168P1,680P55.25P100,840P8,403P276
Regional poverty lines NSCBRegion Threshold Region ThresholdNCR P20,168 VIII P17,978I P18,448 IX P17,762II P19,006 X P19,208III P20,242 XI P19,854IV-A P19,202 XII P18,468IV-B P17,054 CAR P16,122V P18,044 ARMM P20,054VI P17,914 CARAGA P19,558VII P18,592
Comparing MenusSource: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/105955/lawmakers-score-poverty-dip-via-%E2%80%98statistical-magic%E2%80%992006 breakfast included tomato omelette,coffee for adults, milk for childrenand fried rice; fried galunggong (round scad),monggo guisado with malunggayleaves and small shrimps, boiled riceand latundan banana for lunch; pork adobo, pechay (chinesecabbage) guisado, boiled rice andbanana latundan for dinner; pan de sal with margarine for snacktime.2009 the breakfast menu was reduced toscrambled egg, coffee with milk andboiled rice the lunch menu was trimmed toboiled monggo with malunggayleaves and dried dilis (anchovy inlieu of shrimps); the dinner menu was limited to friedtulingan (a tuna species, instead ofpork adobo), boiled kangkong(swamp spinach, which is cheaperthan pechay) and boiled rice; pan de sal snack would be servedplain without margarine.
Poverty incidence,1st semester 2012 NSCB 27.9% of Filipinos are poor. 27.9% of Filipinos earn less than P18,770a year, P1,564 a month and P51.42 a day. 22.3% of Filipino families are poor. 22.3% of families earn less than P93,850 ayear, P7,820.83 a month and P257.123 aday.
Regional poverty incidence(Families) NSCBRegionPovertyIncidenceRegionPovertyIncidenceNCR 3.8% VIII 37.2%I 16.7% IX 36.9%II 19.8% X 35.6%III 12.2% XI 28.6%IV-A 11.2% XII 37.5%IV-B 28.4% CAR 22.6%V 34.1% ARMM 46.9%VI 24.7% CARAGA 34.1%VII 28.8%
Least Poor Provinces NSCBPoverty Incidence2nd District, NCR 3.1%1st District, NCR 3.8%4th District, NCR 3.8%Cavite, adjacent to NCR 4.1%Benguet 4.3%3rd District, NCR 4.9%Laguna, adjacent to NCR 6.3%Pampanga, adjacent to NCR 6.4%Bulacan, adjacent to NCR 6.7%Bataan 7.3%
Poorest Provinces NSCBPoverty IncidenceLanao del Sur, Mindanao 68.9%Apayao 59.8%Eastern Samar 59.4%Maguindanao, Mindanao 57.8%Zamboanga del Norte, Mindanao 50.3%Davao Oriental, Mindanao 48.0%Ifugao 47.5%Sarangani, Mindanao 46.5%Negros Oriental 45.3%Masbate 44.2%