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Collection of Livelihood Framework Diagrams

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Learning resources compiled by S.Rengasamy for the students doing their Bachelor and Master of Social Work Course

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Collection of Livelihood Framework Diagrams

  1. 1. Collection of Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Diagrams
  2. 2. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 2 Decide appropriate roles, self help, advice etc Policy & Institutional Context Laws of Government / NGOs /CBOs /Private Sector /Traditional / Donors Processes Laws /Policies / Incentives/ Services / Formal / Informal Negotiation on appropriate Structures & processes for the strategy Impacts on Institutions Impacts on Vulnerability Vulnerability Context Changes in Resources &Stocks Climate /Population Density /Conflict / Political Change / Technology /Markets Disease incidents Impacts on Assets Impacts on Livelihoods Livelihood outcome desired More income/Improved well being/ Reduced vulnerability/ improved food security / More sustainable use of NR Base Livelihood strategies chosen Natural Resource Based /On farm /Off Farm /Non NR Based /Migration (circular, Permanent, International Implementation Own Activities without support Activities supported by external Situation of Rural people Capital Assets Natural Social Human Physical Financial Influence Influence External Environment
  3. 3. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 3 IFAD Livelihood Framework
  4. 4. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 4 Internal Context External Context Context of livelihood Intervention design Demand conditions Assets Awareness Ability Access Intervening Agency Mission Capacity Funding Nature of Intervention Objective of the Intervention Industry conditions Factor conditions Institutional conditions Design of the livelihood Activity People’s Livelihood Portfolio Capacity Strategy BASIXS ISLP Livelihood Framework
  5. 5. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 5 IMM 3: People, Service Providers & Controllers Religion Gender Ethinicity Age Beauty Class/ Caste Ability/ Disability Personal History YOU Human Individual Social Natural Financial Physical Information Relationships Relationships Relationships Religion Gender Ethinicity Age Beauty Class/ Caste Ability/ Disability Personal History YOU Human Individual Social Natural Financial Physical Information Controllers Service Providers Religion Gender Ethinicity Age Beauty Class/ Caste Abilty/ Disability Personal History YOU IMM1: Examples of People’s Key Characteristics Division of Roles IMM3B:TheSeparation of Roles Service Provider Controller User Long Route for influence Short Route for influence Service ProviderController User IMM 3A.The short &Long routes to influence service providers IMM.2.Livelihood Assets IMM Livelihood Framework
  6. 6. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 6 RelationshipsRelationships Power Relationships Religion Gender Ethinicity Age Beauty Class/ Caste Ability/ Disability Personal History YOU Human Individual Social Natural Financial Physical Information Controllers Service Providers Politics Markets Rights Language Influences Culture IMM 4: Other Influences on Livelihoods
  7. 7. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 7 Relationships Relationships Power Relationships Controllers Service Providers Politics Markets Rights Language Influences Culture Vulnerability Context Shocks Changes & Threads Religion Gender Ethinicity Age Beauty Class/ Caste Ability/ Disability Personal History YOU Human Individual Social Natural Financial Physical Information IMM 5 A :Ever-Changing Livelihoods IMM.5.The Vulnerability Context
  8. 8. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 8 IMM 6: Hopes & Opportunities, Actions & Choices Relationships Relationships Power Relationships Controllers Service Providers Politics Markets Rights Language Influences Culture Vulnerability Context Shocks Changes & Threads Religion Gender Ethinicity Age Beauty Class/ Caste Ability/ Disability Personal History YOU Human Individual Social Natural Financial Physical Information Hopes Opportunities Choices Actions Livelihood Outcomes
  9. 9. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 9
  10. 10. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 10 Tribal peoples living in a remote forest area may have strong ties of kinship and mutual exchange (social capital), ample access to rich forest resources (natural capital) and an intimate knowledge of their local environment (human capital), but practically no financial or physical capital and limited access to formal education. The livelihood strategies they adopt will reflect this. They will use their knowledge to exploit a wide range of different natural resources in different ways, ensuring a supply of food, clothing, fuel and shelter through the year. Their ties of kinships and mutual exchange within their community will ensure that they are usually able to overcome episodes of vulnerability, such as sickness or the deaths in the family, without reliance on help from “outside”. But the physical capital available to them may be very specialized and appropriate to their local circumstances only. As a result they may have difficulty in adapting to any changes, such a those brought about by destruction of their forest environment or intrusion by outside influences. Similarly, their complete unfamiliarity with financial capital may leave them at a disadvantage if they find themselves involved in market transactions, even if they have products of potentially high market value. Poor people in rural areas may have only their labor capacity (human capital) and the financial capital they can generate through their labor, but very limited direct access to natural capital, low levels of education and knowledge, and a very low social status that weakens their social capital base. The poorest households may have extremely reduced “livelihood pentagons” with extremely limited livelihood assets of any kind at their disposal.
  11. 11. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 11
  12. 12. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 12 Nine Square RLS Mandala
  13. 13. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 13
  14. 14. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 Social Capital Natural CapitalFinancial Capital Physical Capital Human Capital Existing Situation Desirable Situation
  15. 15. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 15
  16. 16. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 16 LAL (Learning about Livelihoods) Framework
  17. 17. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 17 LAL (Learning about Livelihoods) Framework
  18. 18. S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD 18 Capital / Asset Pentagon N 100 P 100 100 S 100 H F 100 N 100 P 100 100 S 100 H F 100 N 100 P 100 100 S 100 H F 100 N 100 P 100 100 S 100 H F 100 N 100 P 100 100 S 100 H F 100 N 100 P 100 100 S 100 H F 100 N. Natural Asset P. Physical Asset S. Social Asset H. Human Asset F. Financial Asset

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