Mayet Alcid 2009 10 29 L C F Rights Based E R

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  • This is San Miguel Bay which empties to the Pacific Ocean and causes floods and storm surges.We experience 3-5 strong typhoons every year
  • This is San Miguel Bay which empties to the Pacific Ocean and causes floods and storm surges.We experience 3-5 strong typhoons every year
  • This is San Miguel Bay which empties to the Pacific Ocean and causes floods and storm surges.We experience 3-5 strong typhoons every year
  • This is San Miguel Bay which empties to the Pacific Ocean and causes floods and storm surges.We experience 3-5 strong typhoons every year
  • This shows the flood prone areas of our municipality
  • This shows the flood prone areas of our municipality
  • This shows the flood prone areas of our municipality
  • This shows the areas prone to liquefaction in earthquake incidents because of our proximity to the Philippine Trench
  • This shows the areas prone to liquefaction in earthquake incidents because of our proximity to the Philippine Trench
  • We train the most vulnerable groups like the young and the elderly
  • Simultaneously ang linked with village level capability-building is the municipal level training activities so that both parties are equipped with necessary knowledge and skills
  • Risk assessment results inform risk reduction and contingency planning
  • As mitigation measure, we undertake environment projects like mangrove reforestation along the Bay and its tributaries
  • Propagules are part of the previous mangrove reforestation activities in the municipality To complement ACCORD’s and Smart’s support for mangrove reforestation, the LGU extends food for work to participating households
  • This is taken in one of the schools where the teachers discussed local hazards and what should be done prior to, during and after a disaster.
  • To test the efficiency of the school contingency plans, school drills were also conducted in July.
  • To ensure efficient and effective emergency response, disaster preparedness measures are also being undertaken. These are setting up of a municipal-wide flood early warning system, village and municipal contingency planning and community drills.
  • This is one of the most difficult evacuation drills that we conducted, where we evacuated the island barangay of Punta Tarawal to the mainland. For the last two years, we manage to get an average participation rate of 80 to 90% of the target populatgion.
  • Mayet Alcid 2009 10 29 L C F Rights Based E R

    1. 1. Doing Relief Work a Little Better Rights-Based Emergency Response Marieta Lupig Alcid Project Director CARE Nederland ACCORD Project 29 October 2009
    2. 2. Basics of Emergency Response Myth or Reality? Myth: Disasters are random killers. Reality: Disasters strike hardest at the most vulnerable group, the poor --especially women, children and the elderly.
    3. 3. Basics of Emergency Response Myth or Reality? Myth: The affected population is too shocked and helpless to take responsibility for their own survival. Reality: On the contrary, many find new strength during an emergency, as evidenced by the thousands of volunteers who spontaneously united to sift through the rubble in search of victims after the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Myth: Disasters are random killers. Reality: Disasters strike hardest at the most vulnerable group, the poor --especially women, children and the elderly.
    4. 4. Basics of Emergency Response Myth or Reality ? Myth: The affected population is too shocked and helpless to take responsibility for their own survival. Reality: On the contrary, many find new strength during an emergency, as evidenced by the thousands of volunteers who spontaneously united to help themselves during the recent Ondoy flood and Pepeng landslides.
    5. 5. Basics of Emergency Response
    6. 6. Myth or Reality Myth: Any kind of assistance is needed, and it's needed now! Reality: A hasty response that is not based on an impartial evaluation only contributes to the chaos. It is better to wait until genuine needs have been assessed.
    7. 8. Myth or Reality Myth: Things are back to normal within a few weeks. Reality: The effects of a disaster last a long time. Disaster-affected countries deplete much of their financial and material resources in the immediate post-impact phase. Successful relief programs gear their operations to the fact that national interest wanes as needs and shortages become more pressing.
    8. 10. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 good governance continuing training and education policy reform and public education vulnerability reduction emergency preparedness and response
    9. 11. definition <ul><li>emergency response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>activities or processes that help affected communities response or cope with the immediate effects of a disaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focused on the immediate safety and practical needs of the affected families </li></ul></ul>
    10. 12. objectives of emergency response <ul><li>ensure safety of affected community </li></ul><ul><li>avoid the further worsening of emergency situation </li></ul>
    11. 13. emergency response activities <ul><li>damages, needs and capacities assessment/ monitoring </li></ul>
    12. 14. emergency response activities <ul><li>damages, needs and capacities assessment/ monitoring </li></ul>
    13. 16. emergency response activities <ul><li>planning and target setting </li></ul>
    14. 17. emergency response activities <ul><li>relief delivery operations </li></ul>
    15. 29. when to start? <ul><li>capacity of organization to respond </li></ul>
    16. 30. when to start? <ul><li>presence of other responding organizations </li></ul>
    17. 31. when to start? <ul><li>Security and staff safety </li></ul>
    18. 32. a development-oriented ER <ul><li>Respects and recognizes people’s rights and ensures that the response does not create an attitude of dependency ; </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures participation of the affected community in the whole process : gathering of data; planning; implementation; assessment; </li></ul>
    19. 33. a development-oriented ER <ul><li>Contributes in increasing capacities of affected communities; </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to preparedness activities and community development ; and </li></ul><ul><li>Accountable and transparent to beneficiaries primarily then to donors </li></ul>
    20. 34. The key to efficient and effective emergency response is preparedness <ul><li>Organizational / institutional level </li></ul><ul><li>Community level </li></ul>
    21. 35. Staff Training Emergency Preparedness Planning Prepositioning of Emergency Supplies / Vendor Listing Simulation / Table-top Exercises
    22. 36. What is Sphere Minimum Standards Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Food Security, Nutrition, Food Aid Shelter, Settlement, Non-Food Items Health Services SPHERE Handbook Humanitarian Charter
    23. 37. simplified table of basic survival water needs 7.5 – 15 liters per day Total basic water needs Depends on: food type, social as well as cultural norms 3 – 6 liters per day Basic cooking needs Depends on: social and cultural norms 2 – 6 liters per day Basic hygiene practices Depends on: the climate and individual physiology 2.5 – 3 liters per day Survival needs: water intake (drinking and food)
    24. 38. maximum number of people per water source Based on a flow of 12.5 liters per minute 400 people per single-user open well Based on a flow of 16.6 liters per minute 500 people per handpump Based on a flow of 7.5 liters per minute 250 people per tap
    25. 39. <ul><li>Maximum of 20 people per toilet </li></ul><ul><li>Separate toilets for men and women </li></ul><ul><li>Toilets are no more than 50 meters from dwellings </li></ul><ul><li>Pit latrines are at least 30 meters from any groundwater source and the bottom of any latrine is at least 1.5 meters above the water table </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced population are settled in locations that minimize their exposure to mosquitos </li></ul>water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion
    26. 41. <ul><li>Where people’s lives are at risk through lack of food, responses prioritize meeting food needs </li></ul><ul><li>There is access to a range of food – staple, pulses and fat sources – that meet nutritional requirements </li></ul><ul><li>There is access to vitamin A-, C- and iron-rich or fortified foods or appropriate supplements </li></ul>food security, nutrition and food aid
    27. 43. <ul><li>Basic Food pack for a family of six for 5 to 7 days: </li></ul><ul><li>8-10 kgs of rice </li></ul><ul><li>½ kg sugar </li></ul><ul><li>½ kg monggo </li></ul><ul><li>½ kg dried fish </li></ul><ul><li>3 cans of fish/sardines </li></ul><ul><li>¼ kg salt </li></ul><ul><li>I pint cooking oil </li></ul><ul><li>Plus 1 bar of soap for sanitation purposes </li></ul>food security, nutrition and food aid
    28. 45. <ul><li>Each person has access to 250g of bath soap per month </li></ul><ul><li>Each person has access to 200g of laundry soap per month </li></ul><ul><li>Women and girls have sanitary materials for menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>Infants and children up to two years old have 12 washable nappies or diapers where these are typically used </li></ul>shelter, settlement and non-food items
    29. 48. sphere and emergency response <ul><li>sphere sets the standards for quality and quantity of emergency response especially for material aid </li></ul><ul><li>sphere seeks to ensure that the process of undertaking emergency response does not violate the rights of the affected community </li></ul>
    30. 49. Application of SPHERE in ER <ul><li>Promote participation </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Measure performance </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalize resource use </li></ul><ul><li>Enable coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate policies and procedures </li></ul>
    31. 50. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Governance Capability building of disaster coordinating councils at the village and municipal levels
    32. 51. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Governance Capability building of disaster coordinating councils at the village and municipal levels 25% of training participants are leaders 75% of them are NON-LEADERS from the poorest households
    33. 52. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Governance Capability building of disaster coordinating councils at the village and municipal levels
    34. 53. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Risk Assessment Application of scientific studies to complement indigenous knowledge
    35. 54. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Risk Management and Vulnerability Reduction Natural resource management activities as small-scale mitigation measures
    36. 55. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Risk Management and Vulnerability Reduction Natural resource management activities as small-scale mitigation measures
    37. 56. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Knowledge and Education teachers’ training, curriculum integration, art contests, quiz bee, school contingency planning, school drills
    38. 57. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Knowledge and Education teachers’ training, Curriculum integration, art contests, quiz bee, school contingency planning, school drills
    39. 58. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Disaster Preparedness and Response community-based flood early warning system, contingency planning, public awareness, community drills
    40. 59. Rundown of Activities following the HFA Thematic Areas Disaster Preparedness and Response community-based flood early warning system, contingency planning, public awareness, community drills
    41. 60. . 2009 National Winner of the Gawad Kalasag for best practices in DRR
    42. 61. The Reward: 2008 GAWAD KALASAG AWARD for BEST MDCC (4 th -6 th Class Municipality)
    43. 62. . Sweetest Reward: Resilient Community
    44. 63. Thank you!

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