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The challenge of equitable and sustainable progress: scope of HDR2011Ljubjana, May 2011<br />
Why Equity and Sustainability? – distributive justice<br />Normative argument:<br />“It would be a gross violation of the ...
Importance of risk and uncertainty<br />Conceptual and measurement debates are often conceived in terms of substitutabilit...
Defining sustainable human development<br />	The preservation – and whenever possible expansion – of the substantive freed...
Synergies or trade-offs<br />
Inequality, (Un)Sustainability and HD: Potential Links<br />
Decline in inequality-adjusted HDI<br />
Trends in deprivations (MPI)<br />
EAP w/o China: 6; SA w/o India: 4, China+ India: 48<br />
Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia most affected, particularly by precipitation<br />
The multidimensional poverty index (MPI)used in analysis of env deprivations of the poor<br />
‘Environmental’ deprivations are pervasive among the MPI* poor<br />New analysis highlights deprivations relating to dirty...
‘Environmental deprivations’ among MPI poor by region<br />
Environment threats and deprivations affect multiple aspects of wellbeing<br />Livelihoods – Direct threat to those depend...
Rethinking our development model<br />A clean and safe environment – a right, not a privilege  <br />130+ constitutions ad...
Integrating equity concerns into environmental policy design<br />
Thank you <br />www.undp.org/hdr<br />‘let’s talk HDI’<br />HD Research Papers<br />HDRs<br />Reg and NHDRs<br />Eva.jespe...
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Human Development Report 2011 - The challenge of equitable and sustainable progress

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UNDP presentation, May 2011

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Human Development Report 2011 - The challenge of equitable and sustainable progress

  1. 1. The challenge of equitable and sustainable progress: scope of HDR2011Ljubjana, May 2011<br />
  2. 2. Why Equity and Sustainability? – distributive justice<br />Normative argument:<br />“It would be a gross violation of the universalist principle if we were to be obsessed about intergenerational equity without at the same seizing the problem of intragenerational equity” (Anand and Sen, 2000)<br />Empirical argument:<br />“many problems of resource depletion and environmental stress arise from disparities in economic and political power. ...our inability to promote the common interest in sustainable development is often a product of the relative neglect of economic and social justice within and amongst nations”(Bruntlandt Commission, 1987) <br />Can we identify intersections that allow for mutually supportive policies?<br /> -> Positive synergies<br />
  3. 3. Importance of risk and uncertainty<br />Conceptual and measurement debates are often conceived in terms of substitutability between natural and man-made capital<br />However, given risk, there is uncertainty about future substitutability<br />This favors the strong sustainability view over weak sustainability<br />The capabilities approach is concerned with the most disadvantaged, thus calls for action to avert catastrophic risks, and mitigate/adapt<br />
  4. 4. Defining sustainable human development<br /> The preservation – and whenever possible expansion – of the substantive freedoms and capabilities of people today while undertaking reasonable efforts to avoid risks that would seriously compromise the capability of future generations to have similar – or greater – freedoms.<br />
  5. 5. Synergies or trade-offs<br />
  6. 6. Inequality, (Un)Sustainability and HD: Potential Links<br />
  7. 7. Decline in inequality-adjusted HDI<br />
  8. 8. Trends in deprivations (MPI)<br />
  9. 9. EAP w/o China: 6; SA w/o India: 4, China+ India: 48<br />
  10. 10. Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia most affected, particularly by precipitation<br />
  11. 11. The multidimensional poverty index (MPI)used in analysis of env deprivations of the poor<br />
  12. 12. ‘Environmental’ deprivations are pervasive among the MPI* poor<br />New analysis highlights deprivations relating to dirty water, unimproved sanitation and indoor air pollution<br />‘Environmental’ deprivations contribute disproportionately to MPI poverty<br />Overlap: 8 of 10 MPI poor are deprived in 2 or more ‘environmental’ indicators, 29 percent in all three indicators <br />Deprivations are highest among MPI poor in cooking fuel across all regions, except the Arab States where lack of water is paramount<br />Rural poor are more severely affected<br />* Cooking fuel (dung, wood, charcoal), electricity, water supply and sanitation<br />
  13. 13. ‘Environmental deprivations’ among MPI poor by region<br />
  14. 14. Environment threats and deprivations affect multiple aspects of wellbeing<br />Livelihoods – Direct threat to those dependent on agriculture, forestry and fishing<br />Health – High burden of disease from indoor & outdoor air pollution & fecal/water borne disease, risk of increase in insect-borne disease & malnutrition<br />Education – Shocks and uncertainty, coping strategies keep children out of school; lack of electricity impedes homework <br />Empowerment – Burden of coping strategies (wood & water, soil degradation) limits opportunities for societal participation by women<br />Equity – women and children tend to fare worse in natural disasters , and minorities suffer disproportionally environmental ‘bads’<br />
  15. 15. Rethinking our development model<br />A clean and safe environment – a right, not a privilege  <br />130+ constitutions address environmental norms<br />Enforceability not always clear cut<br />Increase right and access to information<br />The role of the State<br />balanced approaches - emphasize investments in non-income aspects of human development<br />role of industrial policy in enabling development needs to be carefully considered<br />Policies that stimulate specific economic activities<br />Eg. policies aiming to reduce the carbon intensity of development - limiting incentives to new activities, automatic sunset provisions, clear benchmarks for success<br />Promotion of structural change<br />
  16. 16. Integrating equity concerns into environmental policy design<br />
  17. 17. Thank you <br />www.undp.org/hdr<br />‘let’s talk HDI’<br />HD Research Papers<br />HDRs<br />Reg and NHDRs<br />Eva.jespersen@undp.org<br />

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