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Contributions ofthe IslamicEmpire
Architecture The most important  contribution is the  mosque Mosques are the  center of the  worship Many were  convert...
Calligraphy   Greek for “beautiful    writing”   Considered the highest    form of Art   Believed that Allah used    th...
Painting   Discouraged use of    pictorial images   Opted for    calligraphy and    geometric shapes   If used pictures...
Carpet Carpet   weaving  was unique and  artistic Highly valued in  the West Introduced by  Italian merchants
Medicine   Pioneered practice of    diagnosis, cure, and    future prevention   First hospital in Islamic    world was i...
Strides in Medicine   Treatments for    smallpox and    measles   Observations made    in hay fever, kidney    stones, a...
Astronomy   Muslim calendar was    based on lunar    calendar   Wanted to predict the    arrival of the new moon    to m...
Mathematics   Introduced algebra   Arabic numerals were    introduced to Eurpe   Algorithms   Developed    trigonometr...
Philosophy Argument over philosophy and theology Arguments over faith versus reason
Sources of Images used   Architecture                 Art       http://www.fotocom           http://www.fotopedi      ...
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Contributions of the islamic empire

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Contributions of Islamic Empire

Published in: Education, Spiritual

Contributions of the islamic empire

  1. 1. Contributions ofthe IslamicEmpire
  2. 2. Architecture The most important contribution is the mosque Mosques are the center of the worship Many were converted Christian churches
  3. 3. Calligraphy Greek for “beautiful writing” Considered the highest form of Art Believed that Allah used the Arabic language to recite the Qur’an to Muhammad Calligraphy adorned architecture, art, coins, jew elry, textiles, weapons, tools , paintings, and manuscrips
  4. 4. Painting Discouraged use of pictorial images Opted for calligraphy and geometric shapes If used pictures they were secular (non- religious) Example- human body in a medical book
  5. 5. Carpet Carpet weaving was unique and artistic Highly valued in the West Introduced by Italian merchants
  6. 6. Medicine Pioneered practice of diagnosis, cure, and future prevention First hospital in Islamic world was in Damascus in 707 Hygiene was emphasized Open 24 hours a day Al Razi diagnosed chickenpox
  7. 7. Strides in Medicine Treatments for smallpox and measles Observations made in hay fever, kidney stones, and scabies First to use opium as an anesthetic Discovered tuberculosis
  8. 8. Astronomy Muslim calendar was based on lunar calendar Wanted to predict the arrival of the new moon to mark a month Map the coordinates of the stars Estimated the Earth’s atmosphere within 2 km Astrolabe invented which was used until telescope
  9. 9. Mathematics Introduced algebra Arabic numerals were introduced to Eurpe Algorithms Developed trigonometry First to use concept of sines and cotangents Developed early form of calculus
  10. 10. Philosophy Argument over philosophy and theology Arguments over faith versus reason
  11. 11. Sources of Images used Architecture  Art  http://www.fotocom  http://www.fotopedi munity.com/pc/pc/ a.com/items/flickr- display/19156061 3802478172 Calligraphy  Carpet  http://www.fotopedi a.com/items/flickr-  http://www.nga.gov 3296333267 /exhibitions/2004/art Atrolabe exchange/artexcha  www.muslimmuseum nge_ss.htm .org  Medicine  Med.wayne.edu

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