Why did europe seek the american colonies


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Why did europe seek the american colonies

  1. 1. Why did Europe seek the American Colonies?<br />
  2. 2. The First Americans<br />What were the major differences between the Eastern Woodland Indians and the Plains Indians?<br />What were the two major Eastern Woodland tribes?<br />Which regions/ tribes were nomadic?<br />What were the major crops farmed by the first Americans?<br />Native Americans are polytheistic, what does that mean?<br />
  3. 3. Viking Exploration<br />Eric the Red named the area “Greenland”<br />PR- public relations<br />Leif Ericson settled what he called Vinland, it is now known as L’Anse aux Meadows Historical Park<br />Why didn’t their settlements last?<br />Hostility of Native Americans<br />Poor lines of communication with homeland<br />Political trouble in Scandinavia<br />Weather<br />
  4. 4. L’Anse Aux Meadows<br />Picture is taken from the Canadian Historical Park<br />
  5. 5. Why did Europe wait “500” years to explore America?<br />The Middle Ages<br />Why no exploration?<br />The Renaissance<br />What changed?<br />The New Monarchs<br />The Tudors of England and King Henry VII<br />Louis XI of France<br />Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile of Spain<br />
  6. 6. What made exploration possible?<br />Gutenberg’s Printing Press<br />Nationalism<br />“National” Taxes<br />
  7. 7. What motivated Europe to Explore the Americas?<br />The Northwest Passage- a route directly to China<br />Expand Empire<br />The 3G’s <br />God<br />Gold<br />Glory<br />France- Fur and Missionaries<br />England- wanted to permanently settle<br />
  8. 8. Columbus’ Mistake<br />Wanted to voyage west across the Atlantic Ocean to China<br />Portugal denied his venture<br />Spain envied Portugal for reaching India by traveling around Africa.<br />Agreed to finance Columbus’ voyage<br />Died frustrated that he never found the “treasure”<br />Artist is L Prang and Co. , Boston MA<br />
  9. 9. The Columbian Exchange<br />
  10. 10. Portugal takes the Lead and Treaty of Tordesillas<br />Portugal<br />Spain<br />
  11. 11. Spain and the Conquistadors<br />Goal was instant wealth<br />Gold<br />“Serve God and His Majesty, to give light to those who were in darkness, and to grow rich, as all men desire to do”<br />Encomienda system<br />Reward was Indian village<br />Native Americans became “enslaved”<br />
  12. 12. Spanish Exploration of “U.S.”<br />De Soto (1539)<br />Florida<br />Spent 4 years searching for Gold<br />Coronado (1540-1542)<br />Texas, New Mexico, Arizona<br />Explored the Grand Canyon<br />Cabrillo (1542)<br />California<br />
  13. 13. The French claim Canada for 3 reasons<br />Northwest Passage to China<br />Giovanna daVerrassazo<br />Jacques Cartier<br />St. Lawrence all the way to Montreal<br />Samuel de Champlain<br />Founded Quebec<br />Pere Jacques Marquette<br />Sieur de La Salle<br />Settled New Orleans<br />Louisiana is a named after King Louis XVI<br />Fur trade<br />Native Americans were economic partners<br />Catholic Missionaries<br />
  14. 14. Britain is pre-occupied<br />
  15. 15. Queen Elizabeth I<br />1558-1603<br />End religious turmoil<br />A loyal subject<br />Loved the Queen<br />Supported the Church of England<br />Hated Catholics, especially from Spain<br />The “Sea Dogs”<br />Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins<br />Pirates in essence<br />Stopped Philip II’s Armada<br />
  16. 16. The British settle in the New Land: Roanoke<br />Sir Walter Raleigh<br />Founded in 1585<br />Renamed land Virginia<br />Spanish Lust versus the Chaste English<br />Settlement in Outer Banks<br />Due to war with Spain, colony is not resupplied or returned to for 3 years<br />
  17. 17. What happened at Roanoke?<br />Assimilated into society<br />Lumbee Indians of NC<br />Prisoners of the Spanish<br />Tried to return and died<br />Killed by Native Americans<br />Starved to death<br />
  18. 18. Columbus Argument Paper<br />Must take a stand for or against the celebration of Columbus Day<br />Each “argument” must have a fact (cited)<br />Citations should come from reliable research sources<br />Include historical texts (may use book)<br />.edu and .gov websites<br />Must use Chicago style<br />Include bibliography or works cited page<br />5 paragraph essay (1 page paper)<br />Introduction- Thesis is your stand for or against the celebration of Columbus Day and your reasons<br />Must be specifically stated<br />Body of essay (3 paragraphs)<br />Each paragraph should explain one of your reasons<br />Conclusion<br />