Renaissance Introduction

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Introduction to the Renaissance, geared toward AP World History students. Brief glimpse into various artists as well.

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Renaissance Introduction

  1. 1. The European Renaissance “ Living, I despise what melancholy fate has brought us wretches in these evil years. Long before my birth time smiled and may again, for once there was, and yet will be, more joyful days. But in this middle age time's dregs sweep 'round us, and we bend beneath a heavy load of vice. Genius, virtue, glory now have gone, leaving chance and sloth to rule. Shameful vision this! We must awake or die. “ --- Petrarch (1304-1374)
  2. 2. The European Renaissance " Renaissance ," French for " rebirth ," describes the intellectual, artistic, and economic changes that occurred in Europe from the 14 th -15 th century.
  3. 3. Where did the Renaissance begin? <ul><li>The European Renaissance began in northern Italy, and was based in three independent cities; Florence , Venice , and Milan . </li></ul><ul><li>The Renaissance ideas would eventually spread into northern Europe as Spain and France fought with each other in Italian lands. </li></ul>
  4. 4. So what caused the Renaissance? <ul><ul><li>Recovery from the Black Death led to new commercial ventures & economic opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with Muslims in Spain & the Middle East led to revival of classical texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased wealth led to patronage of the arts and learning </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. HUMANISM <ul><li>Humanism was the intellectual movement based on the study of classical Greek and Roman art and literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in a new spirit of inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted the spirit of individualism & secularism </li></ul><ul><li>Petrarch , the “Father of Humanism” collected Latin manuscripts and taught that scholars should analyze the world around them and not rely solely on faith. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Medieval Art * Focused on religion * No nude forms * No human emotion * Heavy use of dull colors * No backgrounds * No true depth perspective </li></ul>Here are some examples of art from the Middle Ages…
  7. 7. Byzantine depiction of Christ What colors are predominant? What expression does Christ show?
  8. 8. St. Francis of Assisi Note the expression on the face of St. Francis.
  9. 9. Medieval Madonna and Child
  10. 10. Another Medieval Madonna and Child
  11. 11. Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of Medieval art? <ul><li>No nude forms </li></ul><ul><li>Religious themes </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy black & gold colors </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of human emotion </li></ul>1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
  12. 12. Characteristics of Renaissance Art <ul><li>More sophisticated display of the human form (proportion, emotion, appreciation of the body, natural poses, beauty) </li></ul><ul><li>Masaccio – 1427 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Expulsion from the Garden” </li></ul><ul><li>First nudes since classical times </li></ul>
  13. 13. Characteristics of Renaissance Art <ul><li>Use of linear perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Masaccio – “The Trinity” </li></ul><ul><li>First use of linear perspective </li></ul>What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.
  14. 14. Famous Renaissance Artists: “The Ninja Turtles” <ul><li>Donatello c.1386-1466 </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo Da Vinci 1452-1519 </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo 1475-1564 </li></ul><ul><li>Raphael 1483-1520 </li></ul><ul><li>Botticelli 1445-1510 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Donatello’s David
  16. 16. Leonardo da Vinci Sketches
  17. 17. The Last Supper
  18. 18. <ul><li>The Mona Lisa – by Leonardo Da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Very small painting, only about 12” x 18”. </li></ul><ul><li>The mystery of this woman still exists today. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel Ceiling
  20. 21. Michelangelo’s David
  21. 22. Michelangelo’s Pieta Located in St. Peter’s Basilica – The Vatican
  22. 23. St. Peter’s Basilica
  23. 24. Raphael’s Self-Portrait
  24. 25. The School of Athens
  25. 26. <ul><li>Plato and Aristotle </li></ul>Eratosthenes
  26. 27. Two Madonnas by Raphael
  27. 28. La Primavera by Botticelli
  28. 29. “ The Birth of Venus” by Botticelli
  29. 30. Northern Renaissance Artists <ul><li>Jan Van Eyck c.1390-1441 </li></ul><ul><li>Albrecht Durer 1471-1528 </li></ul><ul><li>Hans Holbein 1497-1543 </li></ul><ul><li>Pieter Brueghel 1525-1569 </li></ul>
  30. 31. Jan Van Eyck c.1390-1441
  31. 32. Wedding Portrait by Van Eyck
  32. 33. Albrecht Durer “Portrait at 28”
  33. 34. Knight, Death, and Devil Bunny Rabbit
  34. 35. Hans Holbein King Henry VIII
  35. 36. Jane Seymour Anne of Cleves Catherine Howard Three of Henry’s wives
  36. 37. Peasant’s Dance by Pieter Brueghel
  37. 38. Peasant’s Wedding

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