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14th amendment


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14th amendment

  1. 1. How has the 14th Amendment been interpreted?
  2. 2. Life Before the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments
  3. 3. State of North Carolina v. Mann Mann is a slave owner in the South who is accused of assaulting his slave His lawyer argues that the North Carolina Constitution protects property, so as property slaves can be beaten or killed The case UPHOLDS the Supremacy of the N.C. Constitution by protecting a person’s right to own property
  4. 4. 14th Amendment is passedAll people born in the United States are citizensAll citizens have equal protection under the law
  5. 5. Plessy v. Ferguson Plessy is a light skinned black man (1/8 black) He was told that he can ride on the train in the white car because all seats on the colored train car were full People complained on the white car, and he lost his seat Supreme court ruled that segregation is allowed The “separate but equal” doctrine is established. Separate facilities are legal as long as they are equal
  6. 6. Korematsu v. United States (1944)Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor to damage U.S. Naval fleetU.S. government fears people of Japanese descentU.S. government sends all Japanese Americans to internment camps
  7. 7. Harry Truman integrates the U.S. MilitaryBlack units such as the Tuskegee Airman and the 555th Infantry Unit were very successful in WWIIAfter World War II, President Truman states blacks and whites will serve in the same military unit
  8. 8. Oliver Brown v. Board of Education Thurgood Marshall a lawyer for the NAACP is asked to sue on behalf of Oliver Brown who wants his daughter to attend the white school by his home The case overturns the Plessy decision Schools are integrated Supreme Court decides that “separate facilities are inherently unequal”
  9. 9. President Eisenhower issues executiveorder integrated Central High School Arkansas, Louisiana, Georgia, and South Carolina refuse to integrate their schools President Eisenhower sends 1000 soldiers from the 101st Abn Division to integrate ONE high school This shows that the federal government is SUPREME to the states
  10. 10. Civil Rights Act of 1964A public place cannot discriminate based on race, gender, religion, or nationality
  11. 11. Heart of Atlanta Hotel vs United States The hotel is a private business that wants to choose to its customers The hotel only wishes to allow white guests at their hotel The US Supreme Court says it is public and must serve everyone regardless of race
  12. 12. 24th amendment is passedForbids poll taxesCannot charge a person a fee to vote
  13. 13. Swann v. Charlotte MecklenburgRequires students to be bused from their neighborhood school to other areas of town to integrate schools
  14. 14. Title IX- Equal Opportunity in EducationAct School programs must be open to all students and cannot discriminate based on gender All sports and scholarships must be equally distributed between boys and girls Can a boy play volleyball? Can a girl play football?
  15. 15. Regents of California v Bakke A white guy wants to attend medical school He is denied admission The school sets aside a certain amount of slots for minority students Bakke feels that this is unfair. He is more qualified. The Supreme Court agrees and states that race can only be one factor considered and that qualifications must be given highest priority
  16. 16. Americans with Disabilities ActPeople who are physically or mentally challenged must be given same opportunities as those who are notWheel chair accessBrailleHearing impaired on tv