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Chapter 1 - Speaking in Public


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Brief notes for Chapter 1

Published in: Education, Business
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Chapter 1 - Speaking in Public

  1. 1. chapter 1 Speaking in Public
  2. 2. Public Speaking & Conversation <ul><li>Similarities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing thoughts logically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tailoring message to audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telling story for maximum impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapting to feedback </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Public Speaking & Conversation <ul><li>Differences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public speaking more highly structured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public speaking requires more formal language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public speaking requires different method of delivery </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Speech Communication Process <ul><li>Speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Channel </li></ul><ul><li>Listener </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Interference </li></ul><ul><li>Situation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Speech Communication Process
  6. 6. Frame of Reference <ul><li>Sum of person’s knowledge, experience, goals, values, attitudes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Frame of Reference <ul><li>Everything said is filtered through listener’s frame of reference </li></ul><ul><li>No two people have same frame of reference </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stage Fright <ul><li>Anxiety over prospect of speaking in front of audience </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reducing Speech Anxiety <ul><li>Acquire experience </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare, prepare, prepare </li></ul><ul><li>Think positively </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reducing Speech Anxiety <ul><li>Use power of visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Know that most nervousness is not visible </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t expect perfection </li></ul>
  11. 11. Positive Nervousness <ul><li>Controlled nervousness that helps energize speaker for presentation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Visualization <ul><li>Picture yourself giving successful speech </li></ul>
  13. 13. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Focused, organized thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships among ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Soundness of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between fact, opinion </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Believing one’s group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures </li></ul>
  15. 15. Avoiding Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Respect listeners’ cultural values </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt messages to audience expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine yourself in place of listeners </li></ul>
  16. 16. Avoiding Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Be alert to feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Listeners also have to avoid ethnocentrism </li></ul>