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Intelligent Building Management Systems

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Intelligent Building Management Systems

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Intelligent Building Management Systems

  1. 1. Management of Intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Presentation 3
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1. Intelligent Building Management System (IBMS) • Terminology • Target • Systems and services • Concept • System Architecture • Architecture of IBMS • What does an IBMS do? • Benefits of IBMS 2. Protocols of Intelligent Buildings 3. Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings
  3. 3. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Terminology Building Management Systems (BMS) also known as Building Automation Systems (BAS), Building Management and Control System (BMCS), Direct Digital Controls (DDC) and Building Controls (BC) Other terms associated with Control Systems include: • Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) • Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) • Energy Management System (EMS) • Data Gathering Panels (DGP) Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  4. 4. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Ghaffarianhoseini et al. (2016) “What is an Intelligent Building? Analysis of recent interpretations from an international perspective”. Architectural Science Review, 59(5), 338-357 Target BMS system centrally monitors and controls the building technical systems and services.
  5. 5. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Target BMS system centrally monitors and controls the building technical systems and services. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  6. 6. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Systems and Services These systems and services include: • Air conditioning • Ventilation • Lighting • Hydraulics • Access control • CCTV • Fire detection • Fire fighting • Lifts • Etc. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  7. 7. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Concept “self know, self decide and self respond” Self know Self decide Self respond Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  8. 8. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) System Architecture IBMS links the functionality of individual pieces of building equipment so that they operate as one complete integrated system. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  9. 9. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Architecture of IBMS • BMS Hardware • Field Devices • Networks • Displays Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  10. 10. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) What does an IBMS do? Day to day building operation The most common primary function of the BMS is the control of the building HVAC system including; • Chilled Water Plant • Cooling Towers • Tenant Condenser Water • Heating Water Plant • Exhaust Systems Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  11. 11. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) What does an IBMS do? Building Control Applications • Zone temperature monitoring and control • Zone Variable Air Volume (VAV) • CO2 monitoring and control (Air Quality) • Air handling unit • Air flow/pressure control • Toilet, car park, kitchen and general exhaust fan control • After Hours Building Control Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  12. 12. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) What does an IBMS do? Measuring and Monitoring building performance • Data • Graphical User Interface (GUI) • Dashboards • Graphs • Alarms • Reports Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  13. 13. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) What does an IBMS do? Interaction with other building systems • Lighting system • Emergency lighting system • Fire protection system • Security system • CCTV system • Meter system • Etc. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  14. 14. Intelligent Buildings Management System (IBMS) Benefits of IBMS • Real-time monitoring • Documentation • Customized control strategies • Flexibility and ease of changes • Integration of all building systems • Automated recovery of failure • Running/operational cost reductions • Reduce labor cost • Tenants’ comfort • Indoor quality • Safety and security Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016
  15. 15. IBs Protocols Concept • Building systems (HVAC, security/access, lighting control, building safety, and physical plant control) talk to one another using a common language (protocol) Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 • ASHRAE • BACnet • DALI • Dynet • Energy Star, • EnOcean • KNX • LonTalk • Midac • OPC • OpenTherm • OpenWebNet • S-Bus • ZigBee
  16. 16. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings IB technologies are expensive … 1 • Intelligent building technology investments typically pay for themselves. • Return of investment within one or two years • Delivering energy savings and other operational efficiencies. • Some building management programs have generated a positive return on investment within several months.
  17. 17. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings IBs are about energy and cost 2 • Energy • Cost • Efficiency • Comfort and satisfaction • Productivity • Safety and security • Integration • Accuracy • Flexibility • Etc.
  18. 18. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligent buildings are for certain building type .. 3 • Office buildings • Residential buildings (Intelligent House Index) • Educational buildings • Hospitals • Banks • Sports centers • Etc. It is about features and benefits of intelligence rather than building typology.
  19. 19. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligence are for new buildings… 4 • Existing building have the opportunity to experience architectural intelligence. • Building management and IT systems to optimize system performance and simplify facility operations. • Wireless technology made it easier for traditional buildings to transform into intelligent ones. • Examples of transforming buildings are many. • 311 South Wacker, Chicago, is an example.
  20. 20. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligence are for new buildings… 4 311 South Wacker, Chicago, USA • Designed by Kohn Peterson & Fox • Built in 1990 • 65 Story Tower (293 m tall) • 1.4 million ft2 • It was once the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world. • Upgraded Building Automation System (BAS) in 2000
  21. 21. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligence are for new buildings… 4 311 South Wacker, Chicago, USA • South Wacker installed a state-of-the-art energy saving system and LED lighting • South Wacker is the first major office tower in Chicago to install wireless Pneumatic thermostats connected to a cloud-based intelligent building system. • A total of 944 thermostats were installed.
  22. 22. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligence are for new buildings… 4 311 South Wacker, Chicago, USA • The system utilizes real time data to make operational energy saving decisions. • Many environmental improvements. • The property saved about 2.1 million kWh per year which is the equivalent of planting 37,130 new trees. • The building earned this substantial award for the West Loop office tower.
  23. 23. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligent buildings are not attractive to tenants.. 5 • IBs are argued to: • improve energy efficiency, • reduce cost, and • improve productivity • Therefore, they are valuable to tenants. • Numerous studies and surveys showed IBs to be more attractive compared with traditional buildings. “We shape our buildings, and afterwards our buildings shape us” Winston Churchill
  24. 24. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligent buildings are not attractive to tenants.. 5
  25. 25. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligent buildings are not attractive to tenants.. 5
  26. 26. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligent buildings are complicated to operate.. 6 • Self-know, self-decide and self-respond. • Intelligent building management system is often easier to operate and maintain than a building that lacks automated systems. • Integration. • Communication (e.g. dashboards, alarms, etc.) • Problem self diagnosis. • Minimum human intervention
  27. 27. Management of intelligent Buildings Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arab League Center, Crowne Plaza Dubai Deira Dubai - 2016 Issues Related to Intelligent Buildings Intelligent buildings might promote losing jobs.. 7 • Minimum human intervention • Less employment for operation • 5 to 7.1 million jobs will be lost due to automation (in the richest countries) in the next 5 years. • 4 out of 10 Canadians might lose their jobs due to technologies in the next 10-20 years. • Employment shift
  28. 28. Thanks for attention Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Department of Architecture, Faculty of Environmental Design, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia E-mail: khaled_ali@yahoo.com khaled.ali.youssef@gmail.com kaali3@kau.edu.sa Tel: 00966 53 7896 144

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