a) Consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode.b) Non-narrative.c) A short poem that reveals the speaker’s personal feeling, emotion, mode, state of mind, expression, thought, attitude, perception etc.d) It’s told in the first person point of view. E.g. I walk beyond the lights I know, (Walking Alone by Elma Mitchell)
e) Lyrical poem does not tell any story, but it is rather personal and solely focused on the speaker’s personal feeling and ideas.f) It does not address wider public.g) The speaker directly addresses the readers, invoking his own personal feeling and expressions.h) There are many subdivisions of lyric poetry. The weakest form is the song, especially popular songs that are heard frequently on the radio because most songs do not achieve the level of true poetry, even though they employ some poetic devices.
i) A type of emotional songlike poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry.
a) Short - consists of only 3 to 4 stanzas (an ode is more complex in stanzas)b) 4 to 11 lines in a stanza E.g. No voices on the winds that blow, No light house in the swiveling snow, No flare, no flame, the way I go -But heel and toe, and heel and toe. (Walking Alone by Elma Mitchell) (see also To Autumn by John Keats-an ode)
a) Rhythmic (a lyrical poem is a form of poetry with rhyming schemes) E.g. Our houses stand apart, and so The time had come I had to go Out from the fire, into the snow -He would have come, but I said No. (Walking Alone by Elma Mitchell) Rhyme : a,a,a,a
Common themes used are a) Nature b) Love c) Life d) Intimacy
a) A form of verse, relatively short narrative poem. (tells a story)b) Written to be sung, with a simple and dramatic action.c) In all traditions most ballads are narrative in nature, with a self-contained story, often concise and relying on imagery, rather than description, which can be tragic, historical, romantic or comic.d) Another common feature of ballads is repetition, sometimes of fourth lines in succeeding stanzas, as a refrain, sometimes of third and fourth lines of a stanza and sometimes of entire stanzas.
E.g There’s one thing that I want, sweetheart, There’s one thing that I crave; And that is a kiss from your lily- white lips- Then I’ll go from your grave.’ (The Unquiet Grave, page 9)
a) Most northern and west European ballads are written in ballad stanzas or quatrains (four-line stanzas) E.g. – Refer to Unquiet Grave, page 9a) Alternating lines of iambic (an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable) tetrameter(eight syllables) and iambic trimeter (six syllables), known as ballad meter.
a) Usually, only the second and fourth line of a quatrain are rhymed (in the scheme a, b, c, b), which has been taken to suggest that, originally, ballads consisted of couplets (two lines) of rhymed verse, each of 13-15 syllables. E.g I’ll do as much for my sweetheart As any young man may; (2nd line) I’ll sit and mourn all on her grave For a twelvemonth and a day_ (4th line) (The Unquiet Grave, page 9)
Common themes are : a) Love b) Death c) Supernatural d) or a combination of all these