Humanities: POETRY


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Ms. Aragon

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Humanities: POETRY

  1. 1. Meaning of the word Poetry: Poetry is a word of Greek origin. It comes from a verb with means “to make, to create”. A Poem is “something made or created”. The Poet is the creator and language is the material out of which s/he creates his/her work of art.
  2. 2. What is POETRY? • Poetry is the art of expressing your thoughts in rhythmic, Descriptive language. • Poetry is meant to be read aloud. • People use poems to describe their emotions so that others can feel them, too. • Poems can rhyme, but they do not have to.
  3. 3. Guidelines for reading Poetry: In approaching a poem, you can ask the text some simple questions which should help you to understand it • What is the poem about? • Who is the voice speaking in the poem? • To whom is the poem addressed? • How is the poem written? • Why has the poem been written?
  4. 4. 2. Francisco Baltazar 1. Issa 3. William Shakespeare 4. Elizabeth Barrett Browning The Life of Selected Famous Poet
  5. 5. Elements of POETRY 1. Rhythm 2. Monorhyme 3. Stanza 4. Rhyme 5. Rhyme Scheme 6. Fibonacci 7. Imagery 8. Alliteration 9. Simile 10. Sonnets 11. Acrostic 12. Cinquain 13. Concrete 14. Coupletes 15. Diamonte 16. Limericks 17. Haiku 18. Tanka
  6. 6. 1. Rhythm The music made by statements of the poem, which includes the syllables in the lines. Sonnet CXXX by William Shakespeare “My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red: If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen roses damask'd, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks; And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound: I grant I never saw a goddess go,- My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground: And yet, I think my love as rare As any she belied in false compare.”
  7. 7. 2. Monorhyme An identical rhyme on every line, common in Latin and Arabic. "aaaaa..." Example A break from my career, to visit a new frontier. Where life is not severe, and stress will disappear. I'll become a pioneer, a new found volunteer. To help this old sphere, make it's air all clear. We will persevere, for I'm the brigadier. So as I tip my beer, lets offer up a cheer. Lets make this our year where everyone will be sincere.
  8. 8. 3. Stanza Defines as a smaller unit or group of lines or a paragraph in a poem. A particular stanza has a specific meter rhyme scheme, etc. Based on the number of lines Stanzas are named as… • Couplet (2 lines) • Tercet (3 lines) • Quantrain (4 lines) • Cinquain (5 lines) • Sestet (6 lines) • Septet (7 lines) • Octave (8 lines). LINE in poetry describes a single line of words in a poem
  9. 9. What are STANZAS? A STANZAS is a group of lines in a poem. Most poems have stanzas with 4 or more lines, though they can have fewer than 4. “Confession” by Bruce Lansky I have a brief confession That I would like to make. If I don’t get it of my chest I’m sure my heart will break. I didn’t do my reading. I watched TV instead— while munching cookies, cakes, and chips And cinnamon raisin bread. This poem has 2 stanzas, or groups of lines. Notice that the stanzas help to give the poem more rhythm and structure.
  10. 10. 4. Rhyme A rhyming poem has the repetition of the same or similar sounds of two or more words, often at the end of the line. “Jabberwocky” (First Two Stanzas) by Lewis Carroll 'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe. "Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch! Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun The frumious Bandersnatch!"
  11. 11. 5. Rhyme Scheme Defined as pattern of rhyme. Either the last words of the first and second lines rhyme with each other, or the first and third, second and the fourth and so on. It is denoted by alphabets like… aabb (first line rhyming with 2nd, 3rd with 4th); abab (1st with 3rd, 2nd with 4th); aaba (1st with 2nd,1st with 4th ). Rhyme Scheme: aabb Tiger, tiger burning bright - a in the forest of the night - a what immortal hand or eye - b could frame thy fearful symmetry - b Rhyme scheme: a-b-a-b Let me not in the marriage of true minds - a admit impediments love is not love - b when it alters when it alteration finds - a or bends with the remover to remove - b Rhyme scheme: a-a-b-a Whose woods these are I think I know - a His house is in the village though - a He will not see me stopping here - b To watch his woods fill up with snow -a
  12. 12. 6. Fibonacci The number of syllables in each line must equal the sum of the syllables in the two previous lines. So, start with 0 and 1, add them together to get your next number, which is also 1, 2 comes next, then add 2 and 1 to get 3, and so on. Fibonnaci: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21... Poetry: 1 syllable, 1 syllable, 2 syllables, 3 syllables, 5 syllables, 8 syllables, 13 syllables, 21 syllables...
  13. 13. Example of Fibonacci I like to blog. Frequently. Theory matters. Computer science (theory) is my home and geometric algorithms are sublime. Let P be a set of points in general position in the plane. Amen. My brain can find such solace in this simple verse made of certain syllable words.
  14. 14. 7. Imagery Is used by the poet for readers to create an image in their imagination. Imagery appeal to all the five senses. “Tropical Dream” by Bruce Lansky After tossing and turning for what must Have been an hour or so, I find myself lying on a tropical beach, The waves gently licking the sand. I gaze up at the sky and notice some pelicans Soaring and swooping, looking for lunch. As you read these lines, can you “see” what is being described? This is the purpose of using imagery.
  15. 15. 8. Alliteration Is the repetition of the beginning consonant sounds of words within a poem. “Dewdrops Dancing Down Daisies” by Paul Mc Cann Don’t delay dawns Disarming display Dusk demands daylight. Dewdrops dwell delicately Drawing dazzling delight. These words all have the same Beginning sounds. Think of this as a rhyme at the start of a word, rather than the end.
  16. 16. 9. Simile Is a comparison between two things, and uses the words “like”, “as”. Poets use simile to make you think of the things that they are describing in a different way. “Predictable” by Bruce Lansky Poor as a church mouse. strong as an ox, Cute as a button, Smart as a fox. Thin as toothpick, White as a ghost, Fit as a fiddle, dumb as a post. This poem uses commonly known similes, or “cliches”.
  17. 17. 10. Sonnets Sonnets are fourteen-line lyric poems, traditionally written in iambic pentameter - that is, in lines ten syllables long, with accents falling on every second syllable Sonnets XVIII: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee William Shakespeare
  18. 18. 11. ACROSTIC In Acrostic poems, the first letters of each line are aligned vertically to form a word. The word often is the subject of the poem. W I L L I A M S ‘H A K E S P E A R E ill, your Dramas know well, of oves and loss you oved to tell, learnt from you of nger dark, revenge and ourning, witches’ hearts - inging hunched, their cauldron guarded, ubble bubble’, ll applauded; ings and queens ven the ‘groundlings’, hying at the Globe’s surroundings. olonius’ speeches mocking, dgar, 'Poor Tom’s', fate bemoaning, nd to all the lovers watching omeo, the star-crossed beau nchanted us with songs of woe.
  19. 19. 12. Cinquain Cinquain poems are five lines long with a certain number of syllables or words in each. Cinquain poems do not rhyme. There are many ways to write cinquain poems. Here is an example of one cinquain pattern. Example: Line 1: Panther Line 2: Sleek, graceful Line 3: Running, hiding, emerging Line 4: Happy to be free Line 5: Cat
  20. 20. 13. Concrete Poetry A concrete poem is one that takes the shape of the object it describes. This is different from a Shape poem, in that a Shape poem does NOT have to take the shape of the object it describes I am a very special shape I have three points and three lines straight. Look through my words and you will see, the shape that I am meant to be. I'm just not words caught in a tangle. Look close to see a small triangle. My angles add to one hundred and eighty degrees, you learn this at school with your abc's. Practice your maths and you will see, some other fine examples of me.
  21. 21. 14. Couplets The couplet is the easiest of the verse forms. It consists of two lines with an end rhyme. Example: “Trees” by J. Kilmer I THINK that I shall never see (a) A poem lovely as a tree. (a) A tree whose hungry mouth is pest (b) Against the sweet earth's flowing breast; (b)
  22. 22. 15. Diamonte Diamonte poems are easy poems to write. You need to think of a subject and its opposite and then follow the format listed below: Example: Line 1: Winter Rainy, cold Skiing, skating, sledding Mountains, wind, breeze, ocean Swimming, surfing, scuba diving Sunny, hot Summer 1 NOUN-A 2 ADJECTIVES-A 3 GERUNDS-A (verb + -ing) 2 NOUNS-A + 2 NOUNS-B 3 GERUNDS-B (verb + -ing) 2 ADJECTIVES-B 1 NOUN-B Line 2: Line 3: Line 4: Line 5: Line 6: Line 7:
  23. 23. 15. Diamonte Other Examples…
  24. 24. 16. Limericks A limerick is a funny little poem containing five lines. The last words of the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other (A) and the last words of the third and fourth lines rhyme with each other so the pattern is AABBA. Here is an example of a limerick: 1. There once was a girl named Cheryl (A) da DUM da da DUM da da DUM 2. Who dreamed she was in great peril (A) da DUM da da DUM da da DUM 3. She awoke wtth a fright B) da da DUM da da DUM 4. When she discovered the sight (B) da da DUM da da DUM 5. The “monster” was just a small squirrel. (A) da DUM da da DUM da da DUM
  25. 25. 17. Haiku A form of centuries old Japanese poetry that consists of seventeen syllables and has nature as its subject or theme. Haiku is very short and has a 5-7-5 syllable structure with 5 syllables in the first line, 7 syllables in the second line, and 5 syllables in the third line. With just a couple of words, haiku poetry conveys emotion. It suggests that the reader look and listen to the world. Example of Haiku by Issa: 5-7-5 Everything I touch with tenderness, alas, pricks like a bramble. 5-5-7 As I lay and gaze Blue skies and white clouds Billowing high above me
  26. 26. 18. Tanka Tanka is another form of Japanese poetry that consists of 31 syllables (5-7-5-7-7). The themes for Tanka are love, nature, seasons, and friendships. Example of Tanka: Wind Wind blowing my face Making my cheeks rosy red It's biting my nose And chilling through all my bones It is pushing me along