Implementation of school based assessment(paling new)
P R E P A R E D B Y :R O S E M I N A H B I N T I H A N A F ID A Y A N G K H A I R U N N I S H A B I N T I A B G M O H A M M A DN U R U L S I T I H A S A N A H B I N T I H A S S A NN U R I R F I N E Y E . H A I R O L A N D F R E D ON O R S H E Y R E E N B I N T I S U R I NF A I Z A T U N N A Z I R A H B I N T I S U L I M A NP I S M P 3 . 0 9Implementation of School Based Assessment(The traditional system of assessment no longersatisfies the educational and social needs.)
According to the former Malaysia Director of Education, TanSri Murad Mohd. Noor,“The attitude of too obsess to too manystandardized examinations in the nationaleducation system are the factors to not beingable to achieve maximum level of creativityand innovation. Too many examinations atprimary, secondary and university levels causestudents to not having time to develop theirtalents, ability and potentials in an area of interest”(Utusan Malaysia, 29th September 2005).
Deputy Education Minister Datuk Dr Wee Ka SiongKL,31ST OCT 2012 Under PBS, the students will be assessed based on fourcomponents, namely assessment by the school, centralassessment, sports, physical and co-curriculumassessment and psychometric assessment. Malaysia Examination Board would also monitor questionairestandards and quality of marking by teachers. Teachers are required to follow the StandardPerformance Documents (DSP) and not just depend on thegrades in examinations.
Newly improved UPSR andPMR examinations which are based on the PBS,would be implemented beginning 2016 and 2014respectively. Assessment would be carried out to see students’progress, check on the effectiveness of teachingand learning strategies and schools’ curricula. —Bernama
There are four main reasons why PBS and itsimplementation have been introduced.1. PBS is expected to enhance themeaningfulness of assessment where thefocus is more on pupils development andgrowth in learning rather than merely on theirscores or grades.2. PBS is designed to reduce the over-relianceon data (grades and scores) obtainedthrough central examinations in gettinginformation about pupils in the school system.
3. It is anticipated that PBS will empower theschool and teachers to conduct qualityassessment of pupils. Therefore, schoolassessment will be given due recognition and asignificant place in the overall assessmentsystem.4. PBS ensures that the performance of pupils iscomparable to world standards in variousareas of knowledge, skills and competence, withthe introduction of a standard-referencedassessment.
School Based Assessment implemented in school Some skills (e.g. data collection, implementationof a plan, laboratory skills) cannot be effectivelyassessed by paper-and-pencil examinations. SBA will enhance the completeness of publicassessment and assess different facets of students’abilities.
SBA implementation is maintained through theprocess of mentoring, monitoring, moderation anddetection at various levels. SBA includes oral presentation to check thestudents comprehension skill.
Avoiding students from totally depending on thosehigh stake examinations alone (for their grade)which created a lot of tensions and anxiety amongthem. Teacher deliberately gather information (grading)how well each student has achieved stated learningobjectives.
Roles of teachers Teachers will be given empowerment in assessingtheir students. Nonetheless, the empowerment also comeswith the requirements of sufficientknowledge and skills in using various informalmethods of testing and psychometric testing such asdiagnostic general ability, and aptitude test (TeacherEducation Department, Ministry of Education,2007)
NSS Information Kit11ChineseLanguage,EnglishLanguage,LiberalStudies,ChineseHistory,Design &AppliedTechnology,History,Information &CommunicationTechnology,Visual ArtsBiology,Chemistry,Physics,ScienceChineseLiterature,Economics,Ethics &ReligiousStudies,Geography,HealthManagement &Social Care,Technology &Living,Tourism &HospitalityStudies,Literature inEnglish,PhysicalEducationMusic Business,Accounting &FinancialStudies2012 ImplementationPartimplementation(laboratorywork)DeferredimplementationDeferredimplementationDeferredimplementation2013 ImplementationPartimplementation(laboratorywork)DeferredimplementationDeferredimplementationDeferredimplementation2014 ImplementationImplementationImplementation School trial School trial2015 ImplementationImplementationImplementation ImplementationSchool trial2016 ImplementationImplementationImplementation ImplementationImplementationSummary of Strategic Implementation of SBA (as at Apr 2008)No time-line for the implementation of SBA in Mathematics,to be reviewed in the school year 2012/13.
NSS Information Kit12Queries MeasuresPlagiarism Major tasks will start and finish in thelessons (e.g. planning and drafting) Teachers’ supervision(e.g. oral presentations, informationprofile)Fairness Assessment criteria A common assessment policy inschools Moderation of SBA marksAssignments SBA handbooks will be provided withclear assessment requirements anddetailed guidelines