Factors that motivate and demotivate young learners in


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Factors that motivate and demotivate young learners in

  2. 2. Factors that MOTIVATE younglearners1. Varying Classroom Activities Story Telling adds variety to your lessons interms of content and pace. Preschoolers dont have a terribly long attentionspan, so youll want to change your activitiesevery five to ten minutes. Thats a great length oftime to spend telling a story. To keep the class from getting out of control, usea story after a boisterous activity. This allowseveryone enough time to settle down beforemoving onto something else. And remember that you’re young students willenjoy you telling the same stories over and overagain.
  3. 3.  Be creative. Have fun with your story and go withthe flow. Make animal sounds, change your voice, and singlittle songs – perhaps some of your students willjoin in. Most important of all, use gestures. Introduce other activities. Stories are a greatjumping board for other activities. While followinga story you could:* Give each student a picture that depicts theevents of the story and have them line up inorder of the events.* Have the students come up with differenttitles for the story.
  4. 4. 2. Get Them Moving Movement is a vital component to motivatingchildren. The best way to prevent children fromzoning out is to get them up out of their seats atleast once each class period. Grouping the children for study projects andactivities helps as well. If you can, let them movethe desks around or sit on the floor to changethings up as well. Many games involve movement without thechildren needing to leave their seats, such asmiming, moving certain body parts and passingthings around as part of a game or race.Therefore even teachers with large classes andno space to move can use this technique, albeit toa more limited degree.
  5. 5. 3. Play Games Children learn through play. Oftentimes they don’teven realize they are learning if they are enjoyingthe game. Just think, children could sit there and fill outworksheet after worksheet or they could play anEnglish game and learn the same concepts.Which would you rather do? English Games : You might normally give them aworksheet to write the correct verb next to thepicture illustrating the action. Why don’t you havethem practice their verbs by doing the action forthe word you say or the word on a card that youhold up?
  6. 6.  When you play games, you can use points andcompetition as a motivator, but not for kidsunder six who may find the competition toostressful. For them, just playing the game is motivatingenough. You can also sometimes award extracredit, but use it sparingly so that it remains"extra" and a special reward. Also if you use it too much, children can haveso much extra credit that it sways the actualgrades too much.
  7. 7. 4. Encourage Young kids thrive on praise and positiveattention from the adults in their lives. If you want them to like you and be motivatedin your class, you often just need to give thema lot of positive attention.
  8. 8. 5. Get Their Hands Dirty Literally and figuratively. Children like to workwith their hands and whatever you can do toget the items they are learning about in theirhands is useful and fun for them. This can be anything from having a sensorytable filled with sand and beach items whenyou want to teach them summer words tohaving them each bring in a piece of fruit whenyou are teaching fruit words.
  9. 9. Factors that DEMOTIVATE younglearners1. The use of excessive rewards. They tend to undermine childrens ability tovalue themselves. Praise and rewards should be based uponchildrens effort and persistence, rather thanon the actual accomplishment.
  10. 10. 2. Learning Difficulties (finding themselvesdifficult to cope with the lesson)3. Monotonous Teaching.4. Poor teacher-student Relationship.5. Excessive Punishments.6. General and language-specific anxiety.7. Lack of self-determination.8. Poor Classroom Management.
  11. 11. References http://www.clp.net.bd/myblog/2012/05/23/motivating-young-learners-of-english-as-a-foreign-language-part-1/ http://englishforyounglearners.org/teaching/teaching/usingstories.html http://eltnotebook.blogspot.com/2007/01/motivating-young-children-to-learn.html