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Kinds of poetry with examples


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Kinds of poetry with examples

  1. 1. Poetry has a long history. The earliest forms of poetry were recited and sung. With the passing years, it obtained a structured form that later evolved into a free verse format. Poets dealing with different subjects and presenting their ideas in different ways, gave rise to various kinds of poetry.
  2. 2.  Acrostic:  In acrostic poems, the first letters of each line of the poem are aligned vertically to form a word. Generally, the word formed thus, is the subject of the poem.
  3. 3.  Ballad: Ballads are narrative poems that are supposed to be sung. The narrator usually starts with a dramatic scene and relates the narrative with dialog and actions.  Ballad of a mother's heart  by admin on Tue Apr 01, 2008 3:22 pm  Don't know who wrote this, got this in our Litertature Book.. The night was dark, For the moon was young, And the Stars were asleep and rare, The clouds were thick, Yet Youth went out, To see his Maiden fair. Dear one, he pleaded as he knelt before her feet in tears. My love is true, Why you have kept me waiting all this years? The maiden looked at him. Unmoved it seemed, And whispered low. Persistent Youth, You have to prove by deeds, Your love is true. "There's not a thing I would not do for you, Beloved" said he. "Then, go." said she. "To your mother dear, And bring her heart to me. Without another word, Youth left and went to his mother dear. He opened her breast and took her heart! But he did not shed a tear. Then back to his Maiden fair, He run unmindful of the rain. But his feet slipped, And he fell down, And loud, he groaned with pain! Still in his hand he held the prize, That would win his Maiden's hands. But he thought of his mother dear, So kind,so sweet,so fond. And then, he heard a voice! Not from his lips, But all apart! "Get up" it said. "Were you hurt,Child?" It was his mother's heart  _________________
  4. 4.  Canzone: The word canzone, which means, a song, signifies any simple song-like composition. It is an Italian song or ballad.  THE INVISIBLE BAN I’ve known so many men who’ve left and I prayed they’d never come back And then there is this one dude who left the North and traveled down south He carried his meager belongs in a bag akin to Santa’s Xmas sack He’s a dude who has never learned to shut his foolish mouth He thinks himself wise yet he’s nothing but a fool So he stands on a corner begging people’s ear He uses his mouth as a rusted and useless tool For he has nothing to say which people want to hear They’ve heard the same things in a thousand different ways Like Chicken Little and his assertion that the sky will fall He begs the people to look up for he is a pious man who devoutly prays Yet all of these people are wise enough to ignore his call He’s got big ideas, a big mouth and won’t keep quiet on a bet No one likes him as they try to avoid what they hear and see He thinks himself so smart yet he has trouble with the alphabet And I know he’s ignorant because that man is me
  5. 5.  Cinquain: Cinquain poems are five lines long. They do not rhyme.
  6. 6.  Concrete: In this kind of poetry, the topographical arrangement of words supports the meaning conveyed by the poem. The poems form a picture of the topic on which they are centered.  I Found a Diamond  Last summer I remember meeting you You were so different and so unique You stood out and had a brilliance about you You reflected a prism of colors in the sunlight Your eyes glittered a soft bluish green Your lips shone a bright ruby red A diamond in the rough very beautiful So rare
  7. 7.  Couplet: It is a very simple form of a verse, which contains two rhyming lines.  Musical Fruit  It is the seasonal time for gas. It’s usually gentle on pass. Favorite when weather gets cold. Age old recipes prepared so bold. Tis natural things, we all do. Some may try, though there is a clue. Cannot mistake the odor it shares. Indeed it is made with natures cares. Warms the body, soul so very well, Though it has a historic story to tell, Tis the season for many more things, Truly it has a musical tone that rings.
  8. 8.  Diamante: This type of poetry is one of the simplest ones to write. The first line of a diamante is a single word; the second line consists of two adjectives describing that word, third line contains three words about the subject while the fourth line contains four. The fifth line and the lines that follow consist of a similar pattern of words describing the idea opposite to the subject of the poem. It seems this kind of poetry writing is simple and interesting. Doesn't it?  ONLY YOU  I LISTEN TO EVERY WORD YOU SAY WITH MY HEART AND MY SOUL I LIVE TO DIE JUST FOR YOU BECAUSE THE LOVE I HAVE FOR YOU IS TRUER THAN YOU DEEPEST IMAGINATION FOR YOU I ALWAYS WILL BE WAITING PATIENTLY TILL THE END OF TIME ONLY TO SAY YOU ARE ONE OF A KIND SOME HOW SOME WAY YOU TAKE EVERY INCH OF MY BREATH AWAY
  9. 9.  Dramatic Poetry: A drama that is written in the form of verses to be recited or sung refers to the dramatic genre of poetry. This form of poetry has evolved from Greek and Sanskrit literature.  My Dad is Special  My Dad is Special. My dad is many things to many for many reasons. My heart holds a special place filled with memories of dad and me. After all what is more special than daddies little girl? My dad took time from his busy day filled with work and bills to raise me the little girl that was now his at the age of eight! Now his days at times with little girl things and tantrums too for reasons; I’m sure he didn’t quite understand. Dad just went with the flow and loved me any old way! My dad did special things and took me places. He listened to me whine and cry about things too. He always told me it’s alright to cry and things always work out. My dad put up with me bringing several big dogs home from the pound. He did what a special dad would do, gave them a home too! I often brought home a stray of some kind and he always found room for it. My dad even found a baby alligator in the shower once; but it had to go, after all he did have limits! My dad was there to support my dreams and tell me I could do anything I wanted to. He told me how smart I was. When I played the piano at times I know now how bad it must have sounded but he told me how good I played. That’s because my dad loved me so much. Looking back, I would not change a thing about my dad, he’s the best and I love him with all my heart! To my dad this poem says’, “Thank you for raising, caring for, and loving me.” Your Little Girl Now Grown,
  10. 10.  Epic Poetry: This genre of poetry is a type of narrative literature that narrates stories of mythological heroes. Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and the great Indian epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana are a few of the noteworthy examples of epic poetry.  Free  Haven't mama told you everthing glitters ain't gold every sign that says "free" ain't always what it seems fold and don't believe what you're told free coffee, free doughnuts, free, free ,free buy one get one free not totally free you have to come inside to see
  11. 11.  Free Verse: Free verses refer to the different styles of poetry, wherein the poems do not carry a specific meter. Free verses are a poet's expressions, which are free from any rules or restrictions pertaining to the rhyme schemes of the poem.
  12. 12.  Ghazal: This form of poetry is popular in the Arabic, Persian, Urdu and Bengali literature. It is characterized by five to fifteen couplets that have a refrain at the end of every second line. Each couplet of a ghazal can stand individually as each represents a distinct thought.  OBLIVION OF UNICORN INFECTED EXISTENCE OF FECAL MATTER  I once told a lie as I looked her in the eyes LOL LOL LOL LOL LOL I just smashed a bowl CB is a troll In both sense Wandering through minds of the unforgiven As they irrationally spill their metaphorical hearts Poem 1 of 30 by Laura Valledy.
  13. 13.  Haiku: It is an unrhymed form of poetry that is native to Japan. It contains three sections that can be written in a single line, but are written in three lines instead. The way it is broken into, is in essence the poetic effect of this poetic form. This kind of poetry contains a cutting word, which is known as a kireji and a season word, known as a kigo.
  14. 14.  Jintishi: Native to China, Jintishi is a poetic form based on tonal patterns consisting of the four tones of the classical Chinese language in every couplet. Jintishi is composed of eight lines in four couplets, wherein two couplets depict contrasting ideas but similar grammatical patterns. Du Fu, a poet of the 8th century was an important name in the world of Jintishi.
  15. 15.  Limerick: Limerick is one of the very popular kinds of poetry. A limerick is a funny little poem with a rhyme scheme of 'aabba'.
  16. 16.  Lyric Poetry: Lyric poetry is of a personal nature, wherein a poet expresses his/her perceptions and ideas through poetry. Lyric poems deal with subjects like love, peace, loss and grief. T. S. Eliot is one of the prominent names in lyric poetry.
  17. 17.  Narrative Poetry: This is a genre of poetry that involves story-telling and is one of the very old forms of poetry. The content of these types of poems is intended to appeal the masses. Ovid, William Langland, Alexander Pope and Shakespeare are some of the notable figures in the field of narrative poetry.
  18. 18.  Nursery Rhymes: It is one of the most popular types of poetry, especially a favorite of most of the kids. Nursery rhymes are short poems written for children and are usually handed over from one generation to another.
  19. 19.  Ode: Originally developed by the Greek and Latin poets, Odes soon began to appear in different cultures across the world. Odes possess a formal poetic diction and deal with a variety of different subjects.
  20. 20.  Pantoum: It is composed of quatrains, where the second and fourth lines of each verse are repeated as the first and third lines of the next stanza.
  21. 21.  Pastourelle: It refers to an old French lyrical form. The poems in this category have the romance of a shepherdess as their central idea.
  22. 22.  Prose Poetry: This genre of poetry blends prose and poetry. It is very similar to a short story. However, its concise nature and the use of metaphor in it are sufficient to classify it as a poetical form.
  23. 23.  Ruba'i: This form of poetry is written as a four-line verse. It is written by the poets in Arabia and Persia.
  24. 24.  Satirical Poetry: Sarcasm serves as a very powerful means of expressing criticism. An insult can most strongly be expressed through poetry. Romans have been using satirical poetry for political purposes.
  25. 25.  Sestina: In this kind of poetry, there are six stanzas, each consisting of six lines without an element of rhyme. The words that appear at the end of the lines in the first stanza are repeated in other stanzas. A concluding stanza of three lines wherein the repeating words reappear in a peculiar way is an important characteristic of Sestina.
  26. 26.  Sijo: It is a musical lyric popular among the Korean poets. It is written in three lines with a pause in the middle of every line.
  27. 27.  Sonnet: Derived from Occitan and Italian words meaning 'a little song', Sonnet was originally a fourteen-line song that was based on a strict rhyme scheme and structure. Shakespeare, who wrote 154 sonnets, was one of the most important figures in the field of sonnets.
  28. 28.  Stev: It is a form of lyrical poetry that is prominent in Scandinavia. Stave is the English version of this kind of poetry
  29. 29.  Tanka: It is an unrhymed kind of poetry that originated in Japan. It came up as a shorter version of the Japanese formal poetry and the poems of this type were primarily based on personal themes. The emergence of Tanka dates back to the Nara period. It became popular in the 13th century and is continues being practiced till today.
  30. 30.  Verse Fable: The poems that belong to this genre of poetry consist of stories set into verses. Fables involving natural elements and inanimate objects carrying a moral or message for the masses are expressed through verses. Verse fables use different types of rhyming schemes.