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Poetry

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This presentation is about Poetry. This topic was designed by the teacher for the Grade 9 students.

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Poetry

  1. 1. Poetr y English Practicing Teacher By Miss Carmelle Dawn Laurente Vasay
  2. 2. What is a POETRY? A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
  3. 3. LYRICal Narrative dramatic Special types TYPES OF POETRY SONNET elegy ode epic Ballad Dramatic monologue soliloquy oration Haiku Limerick Name poem free verse concrete poems
  4. 4. LYRICAL POEMS Short poem (only a few lines, 1-2 stanzas) Usually written in first person point of view Expresses an emotion or an idea, or describes a scene Does not tell a story and are often musical Many of the poems we read will be lyrical
  5. 5. Sonnet A poem of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter (stress is on the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th syllables of each line), restricted to a definite rhyme scheme.
  6. 6. Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved. Sonnet 116  by William Shakespeare
  7. 7. Elegy Poem that mourns a death or other great loss
  8. 8. Tears in Heaven by Eric Clapton
  9. 9. Clapton wrote this about his 4-year-old son, Conor, who died when he fell out of a 53rd floor window in his mother's apartment in New York City. At the time, Conor was Clapton's only child.
  10. 10. would you know my name if I saw you in heaven would it be the same if I saw you in heaven I must be strong and and carry on 'cause I know I don't belong here in heaven would you hold my hand if I saw you in heaven would you help me stand if I saw you in heaven I'll find my way through night and day cause I know i just can't stay here in heaven time can bring you down time can bend your knees time can break your heart have you begging please begging please would you know my name if i saw you in heaven would it be the same if i saw you in heaven beyond the door there's peace but sure but i know there'll be no more tears in heaven
  11. 11. Ode  This is a poem of nobbling feeling, expressed with dignity and praises for some persons, objects, events or ideas. It is exalted in tone and formal in structure and content.
  12. 12. Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness, Thou foster-child of silence and slow time, Sylvan historian, who canst thus express A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme: What leaf-fring'd legend haunts about thy shape Of deities or mortals, or of both, In Tempe or the dales of Arcady? What men or gods are these? What maidens loth? What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape? What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy? Ode on a Grecian Urn By John Keats
  13. 13. NARRATIVE POEMS Longer and tells a story, with a beginning, middle, and end Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry because the poet needs to establish characters and a plot
  14. 14. A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic or legendary figure. Two of the most famous epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer, which tell about the Trojan War and the adventures of Odysseus on his voyage home after the war Epic
  15. 15. It also tell a story, like epic poems however, ballad poetry is often based on a legend or a folk tale. Most ballads are written in four-six stanzas and has a regular rhythms and rhyme schemes. A ballad often features a refrain-a regular repeated line or group of lines. Ballad
  16. 16. Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below And the land lubbers lay down below. The Mermaid by Unknown author
  17. 17. Dramatic poetry  Has elements related closely to the drama. It uses a dramatic technique and may unfold a story. It emphasize the character rather than the narrative.
  18. 18. Dramatic monologue This is a combination of drama and poetry. It presents some line or speech of single character in a particular but complicated situation and sometimes in a dilemma
  19. 19. Soliloquy The speaker of the poem or the character in a play delivers a passage. The thoughts and emotions are heard by the author and the audience as well.
  20. 20. Oration This is a formal address elevated in tone and usually delivered on some notable occasion.
  21. 21. Special Types of poems
  22. 22. HAIKU A Japanese poem written in three lines Five Syllables Seven Syllables Five Syllables An old silent pond . . . A frog jumps into the pond. Splash! Silence again.
  23. 23. FREE VERSE POEMS Does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables  Does NOT have rhyme  Very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you. A Dream I dreamed the clouds were dragons. Billows of fluff, not fire Came toward me. I needed not my sword.
  24. 24. Limerick • A limerick is a poem of five lines • The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another. • The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another. • They are always light-hearted, humorous poems.
  25. 25. There once was a very small mouse Who lived in a very small house, The ocean’s spray Washed it away, All that was left was her blouse!
  26. 26. Name poem A special type of poetry belong to descriptive poetry that use an adjective to describe a person that begins with each letter of that person's name.
  27. 27. Taylor Taylor likes each sentiment to be Appropriate to its own time and place. Years may roll like waves across her shore, Leaving none of what there was before, Obliterating every sign of grace. Reason not, says Taylor, with the sea!
  28. 28. CONCRETE POEMS In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imagination. Yet for those who see, Through their mind’s Eye, they burn Up the page.
  29. 29. Poetry elements Mood Meter Rhymes Refrain Figures of Speech Imagery Form Tone Connotation & Denotation
  30. 30. Mood  The overall emotion created by a work of literature.  The atmosphere that pervades a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.  In drama, mood may be created by sets and music as well as words; in poetry and prose, mood may be created by a combination of such elements as SETTING, VOICE, TONE and THEME.  The moods evoked by the more popular short stories of Edgar Allen Poe, for example, tend to be gloomy, horrific, and desperate.
  31. 31. 31 I shut my door To keep you out Won’t do no good To stand and shout Won’t listen to A thing you say Just time you took Yourself away I lock my door To keep me here Until I’m sure You disappear. --By Myra Cohn Livingston Mad Song
  32. 32. METER  A pattern of stressed (strong) and unstressed (weak) syllables  Each unit or part of the pattern is called a “foot”  Types of Feet: • Iambic - unstressed, stressed • Trochaic - stressed, unstressed • Anapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressed • Dactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed
  33. 33. RHYMES Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds. A word always rhymes with itself. LAMP STAMP Share the short “a” vowel sound Share the combined “mp” consonant sound
  34. 34. English is a Pain! (Pane) Rain, Reign, rein, English is a pain. Although the words Sound just alike The spelling’s not the same! Bee, Be, B I’d rather climb a tree Than learn to spell The same old word, Not just one way, but three! Sight, Site, Cite I try with all my might. No matter which I finally choose, It’s not the one that’s right! There, Their, They’re, Enough to make you swear. Too many ways To write one sound, I just don’t think it’s fair! To, Two, Too So what’s a kid to do? I think I’ll do To live on Mars And leave this mess with ewe! (you?) By Shirlee Curlee Bingham
  35. 35. REFRAIN  A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza or verse, such as the chorus in a song. There lived a lady by the North Sea shore, Lay the bent to the bonny broom Two daughters were the babes she bore. Fa la la la la la la la. As one grew bright as is the sun, Lay the bent to the bonny broom So coal black grew the other one. Fa la la la la la la la. --”The Cruel Sister” by Francis J. Child
  36. 36. Figures of speech Analogy Simile Metaphor Assonance Consonance Idiom Hyperbole Onomatopoeia Oxymoron Personification Symbolism Alliteration Apostrophe
  37. 37. Analogy  A comparison made between two things that may initially seem to have little in common  Used for illustration and/or argument. Examples: • Hand is to glove : Foot is to sock • Happy is to sad : Hot is to cold
  38. 38. She felt like a wilted flower. The boy charged in the room like a bull! This class is like a 3 ring circus! Simile  A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word “like” or “as”. Examples :
  39. 39. Friends are like chocolate cake, you can never have too many. Chocolate cake is like heaven - always amazing you with each taste or feeling. Chocolate cake is like life with so many different pieces. Chocolate cake is like happiness, you can never get enough of it. - “Chocolate Cake” by Anonymous
  40. 40. A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another, or by substituting a more descriptive word for the more common or usual word that would be expected. Examples : the world's a stage he was a lion in battle drowning in debt a sea of troubles. Metaphor
  41. 41. Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line (or lines) of a poem. Examples: A leak sailor even In a stormy sea Drinks deep God’s Name In ecstasy -”Peaceful Assonance” by Sir Chinmoy Assonance
  42. 42. Consonance Similar to alliteration EXCEPT: – repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words, not just at the beginning! Example: And frightful a nightfall folded rueful a day …How a lush-kept plush-capped sloe Will, mouthed to flesh-burst, Gush!— - From “The Wreck of the Deutschland” by Gerald Manley Hopkins
  43. 43. IdiomIdioms are phrases or expressions that have hidden meanings. The expressions don't mean exactly what the words say.  NOT LITERAL The language peculiar to a people or to a district, community, or class : dialect Examples: It’s raining cats and dogs. Things got a little out of hand. Does the cat have your tongue.
  44. 44. A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. An extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally. Examples: I waited an eternity for summer to get here! He could have slept for a year. This book weighs a ton. Hyperbole
  45. 45. I am making a pizza the size of the sun, a pizza that’s sure to weigh more than a ton, a pizza too massive to pick up and toss, a pizza resplendent with oceans of sauce. I’m topping my pizza with mountains of cheese, with acres of peppers, pimentos, and peas, with mushrooms, tomatoes, and sausage galore, with every last olive they had at the store. Jack Prelutsky My pizza is sure to be one of a kind, my pizza will leave other pizzas behind, my pizza will be a delectable treat that all who love pizza are welcome to eat. The oven is hot, I believe it will take a year and a half for my pizza to bake. I hardly can wait till my pizza is done, my wonderful pizza the size of the sun.
  46. 46. A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. Examples : crash buzz quack zoom Onomatopoeia
  47. 47. In the morning yawn, stretch to the bathroom scratch, blink in the shower scrub, splash to the closet whisk, rustle down the hall thump, creak in the kitchen clank, clink to the car click, slam on the road honk, screech at the office tick, ring out to lunch munch, slurp return home thug, moan on to bed shuffle, snore ONOMATOTODAY Cathy Christensen
  48. 48. OXYMORON  Combines two usually contradictory terms in a compressed paradox, as in the word bittersweet or the phrase living death Examples : And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true… -from Idylls of the King by Alfred, Lord Tennyson I do here make humbly bold to present them with a short account of themselves... -from A Tale of a Tub by the poet and author Jonathan Swift
  49. 49. Examples : Dead leaves dance in the wind Blind justice Winter wrapped her cold fingers around me Personification  A figure of speech in which things or ideas are given human attributes.
  50. 50. The use of a word or object which represents a deeper meaning than the words themselves.It can be a material object or a written sign used to represent something invisible. The flag represents freedom. Symbolism Examples: A dove is a symbol of peace. The donkey symbolizes the Democratic Party.
  51. 51. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. -from “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost
  52. 52. Repetition of the same beginning sound in a sequence. Examples : Drew drew Drew Reshetar rides roller coasters drowning in debt a sea of sea shells Alliteration
  53. 53. Apostrophe  A figure of speech in which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and capable of understanding. • Ex. “O, Love, why can’t you let me go?”
  54. 54. Descriptive words or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell- creating a picture in the reader’s mind. Imagery Soft upon my eyelashes Turning my cheeks to pink Softly falling, falling Not a sound in the air Delicately designed in snow Fading away at my touch Leaving only a glistening drop And its memory “Crystal Cascades” by Mary Fumento
  55. 55. POETIC FORM • LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem • STANZA - a group of lines arranged together A word is dead When it is said, Some say. I say it just Begins to live That day. - Emily Dickinson
  56. 56. KINDS OF STANZASCouplet = a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet)= a three line stanza Quatrain = a four line stanza Quintet = a five line stanza Sestet (Sextet)= a six line stanza Septet = a seven line stanza Octave = an eight line stanza
  57. 57. TONE Tone is the attitude writers take towards their subject .
  58. 58. CONNOTATION vs DENOTATION• Connotation: an emotional or social association with a word, giving meaning beyond the literal definition • Denotation: the specific, literal image, idea, concept, or object that a word or phrase refers to Word a star a family a dog Denotation ball of light/gas in the sky group of related individuals four legged mammal Connotation a wish love, trust, closeness friend, protector, pet
  59. 59. Thank You Generosity!
  60. 60. Criteria Very Good (11-15 points) Good (6-10 points) Needs Improvement (1-5 points) Content (5 points) - The poem has a message and it delivers the writer's intention and purpose for writing it. - The poem has a message and it didn't completely deliver the writer's intention and purpose for writing it. - The poem has no message, intention and purpose at all. Choice of Words (5 points) - The use of words are excellent and has no errors in the grammatical structures. - The use of words are good and has a few errors only. - The use of words are fair and has many serious errors. Organization (5 points) - The organization of thoughts are effective in delivering the real message of the poem. - The organization of thoughts and pieces of idea are not that effective but it has a little message. - The organization of thoughts and pieces of idea are not effective and has no message at all. Rubric for the Poem

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