Language Teaching Methods• The Direct Method: done entirely in the target language. learner not allowed to use MT. Grammar Rules avoided. Emphasis on good pronunciation.
• Grammar Translation Method: Learning is largely by translation to and from the target language. Grammar rules are to be memorized. Long lists of vocabulary learning by heart. No emphasis placed on oral skill.
• Audio-lingual method: The theory behind this method is that learning a language means acquiring habits and custom. Much practice of dialogues of each and every situation. listening- practiced/drilled. Then written form is………
• The Structural Method: Language as a complex system of grammatical rules. Order/gradation of structures (simple to complex level…….). Morphology-Phrase-Sentence-Discourse.
• Community Language Learning: Attempts to build strong personal links between teachers and students. No blocks to learning. Mother tongue is used and translated by teachers for repetition by learners.
• Immersion Method: Learners immersed in language learning (say English) the whole day at school. Expected to learn other subjects (other than lang.) through English (target lang.).
• Task-based Language Learning: Focus of teaching is on the completion of a task which itself is interesting to the learners. Learners use the lang. which they already have to complete the task. Little correction of errors.
• The Natural Approach: Stresses the similarities between the learning of L1 and L2 languages. No corrections of errors. Learning takes place by the students being exposed to language that is comprehensible or made comprehensible to them.
• Communicative Language Teaching Method: Focus is on enabling the learner to communicate effectively and appropriately. in various situations and contexts. Choice of context bound usages and then social/contextual significance.