Language
Methodologies
July 15, 2014
Prepared by Jean Providence
• Grammar Translation
• Direct
• Audio lingual
• Natural Approach
• Total Physical Response (TPR)
• Whole Language
• All m...
The purpose of this method was to help
student read and appreciate foreign
language literature.
• Classes are taught in th...
The Direct Method became popular as a
reaction to the Grammar Translation
Method. This method dates back to late
19th –ear...
• Memorisation of a series of dialogues using repetitive drills
• No grammar explanation. Grammar is taught by inductive
a...
• The teacher speaks only the target
language and class time is committed to
providing input for acquisition
• Students mu...
• The teacher directs and students "act"
in response - "The instructor is the
director of a stage play in which the
studen...
Learning proceeds from whole to part.
Learning should take in place in L1
language to build concept and facilitate
the acq...
The Cognitive Academic Language Learning
Approach (CALLA) is a five-step systematic
instructional model to teach ELLs how ...
• 2nd Step: Presentation
a ) demonstration b) modeling c)
visual support.
• 3rd Step: Practice
a) Collaboration ( working ...
• The Grammar Translation Method, which
was originated in the late nineteen
century, uses techniques such as:
memorization...
• The Audio-Lingual Method ( The Army
Method) was first used in 1940’s. The
order of skills learned are listening,
speakin...
• http://esl.fis.edu/teachers/support/method.htm
• http://www.englishclub.com/tefl-
articles/history-english-language-teac...
• http://jillrobbins.com/calla/CALLAHandout.pdf
• http://www.neosho.k12.mo.us/teacher_pages/gouchercammy/C
ALLA.html
GO to “ GOSOAPBOX.COM
ACCES CODE: 422-731-000
Language methodologies
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Language methodologies

368 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
368
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Language methodologies

  1. 1. Language Methodologies July 15, 2014 Prepared by Jean Providence
  2. 2. • Grammar Translation • Direct • Audio lingual • Natural Approach • Total Physical Response (TPR) • Whole Language • All methods within the Communicative Approach Methods of Language learning and teaching
  3. 3. The purpose of this method was to help student read and appreciate foreign language literature. • Classes are taught in the mother tongue, with little active use of the target language. • Vocabulary is taught in the form of list isolated words • Reading of difficult classical test is begun early. Grammar Translation Method
  4. 4. The Direct Method became popular as a reaction to the Grammar Translation Method. This method dates back to late 19th –early 20th century. • Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language. • Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught. • Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully traded progression organized around question-and-answer exchanges between teachers and students in small, intensive classes. Direct Method
  5. 5. • Memorisation of a series of dialogues using repetitive drills • No grammar explanation. Grammar is taught by inductive analogy. • Vocabulary is strictly limited and learned in context. • Teacher provides student with a model for imitation . • There is a much use of tapes, language labs, and visual aids. Audio-lingual Method
  6. 6. • The teacher speaks only the target language and class time is committed to providing input for acquisition • Students must be exposed to a lot of vocabularies. • Natural approach is not based on grammar, it is based on communication. • Students are allowed to use their native language alongside the target language as part of the learning process. • Use of visual aids and gestures are required. Natural Approach
  7. 7. • The teacher directs and students "act" in response - "The instructor is the director of a stage play in which the students are the actors" (Asher, 1977:43). • Listening and physical response skills are emphasized over oral production. • Students are not required to speak until they feel naturally ready or confident enough to do so. • Grammar and vocabulary are emphasized over other language areas. Total Physical Response
  8. 8. Learning proceeds from whole to part. Learning should take in place in L1 language to build concept and facilitate the acquisition of the L2 language. • Learning is a social act. • Student-centered learning. • Teacher is a facilitator. Whole Language
  9. 9. The Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (CALLA) is a five-step systematic instructional model to teach ELLs how to use learning strategies for both language and content. The goal of this five-step model is to help students become independent learners, who can evaluate and reflect on their own learning. 1st Step: Preparation a) student’s prior knowledge b) student’s current level of language Cognitive Academic Learning Language Approach (CALLA)
  10. 10. • 2nd Step: Presentation a ) demonstration b) modeling c) visual support. • 3rd Step: Practice a) Collaboration ( working in pairs and cooperative groups) b) Problem solving c) Inquiry or research. • 4th Step: Evaluation • 5th step: Expansion
  11. 11. • The Grammar Translation Method, which was originated in the late nineteen century, uses techniques such as: memorization of grammatical rules and vocabularies, direct translations, and drills exercises to teach the target language. • The Direct Method which began in the early twentieth century forbids the use of native language in the class. Grammar is taught inductively through fill- in the blank exercises. Summary
  12. 12. • The Audio-Lingual Method ( The Army Method) was first used in 1940’s. The order of skills learned are listening, speaking, reading and writing. L2 should be learned without reference to L1. • The Natural Approach emerged in late 1970’s. It is based on how children acquire their first language. • Total Physical Response (TPR) is a method that uses physical actions to teach language. • Whole Language was developed in 1980’s. It centers on the idea that
  13. 13. • http://esl.fis.edu/teachers/support/method.htm • http://www.englishclub.com/tefl- articles/history-english-language-teaching.htm • http://www.kendallhunt.com/uploadedFiles/Ke ndall_Hunt/Content/Higher_Education/Upload s/CH11_Zainuddin_3e.pdf • http://www.proliteracy.org/downloads/oic/how %20use%20total%20phys%20resp%20fs.pdf REFERENCES
  14. 14. • http://jillrobbins.com/calla/CALLAHandout.pdf • http://www.neosho.k12.mo.us/teacher_pages/gouchercammy/C ALLA.html
  15. 15. GO to “ GOSOAPBOX.COM ACCES CODE: 422-731-000

×