The audio lingual method

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The audio lingual method

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The audio lingual method

  1. 1. The Audio-lingual Method PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA TESL TRAINING COURSE PROF.: MANUEL PERALTA SANTIAGO, FEBRUARY 2012
  2. 2. CONTEXTUAL REFERENCES <ul><li>DEVELOPED DURING WORLD WAR II IN THE USA. </li></ul><ul><li>BASED ON THE BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY: HUMAN BEHAVIOR IS SHAPED BY HABITS, HENCE LEARNING A LANGUAGE CAN BECOME A HABIT. </li></ul><ul><li>POSITIVE/NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT DEVELOP CORRECT/INCORRECT HABITS. </li></ul>PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA TESL TRAINING COURSE PROF.: MANUEL PERALTA SANTIAGO, FEBRUARY 2012
  3. 3. The Principles <ul><li>Only the target language is used. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher models dialogues. </li></ul><ul><li>Language is a habit formation process. (Choral repetition.) </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of errors. (Backward build-up drill.) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of language to communicate. (Chain drill) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning the position of the parts of speech (Single/multiple-slot substitution drills) </li></ul>PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA TESL TRAINING COURSE PROF.: MANUEL PERALTA SANTIAGO, FEBRUARY 2012
  4. 4. Cont. 7. Positive reinforcement. ( ” Very good ”) 8. Verbal/non verbal stimuli. (oral/visual clues) 9. Students should overlearn (question-and-answer drills) 10. The teacher is an orchestra leader. (guiding, controlling students’ behavior) 11. Grammar is not learned, but acquired. (No grammar rules) 12. The “natural order” of language acquisition. (Writing dialogue on the board) 13. The alphabet game. (Culture is part of the language.) PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA TESL TRAINING COURSE PROF.: MANUEL PERALTA SANTIAGO, FEBRUARY 2012
  5. 5. PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA TESL TRAINING COURSE PROF.: MANUEL PERALTA SANTIAGO, FEBRUARY 2012
  6. 6. <ul><li>Advantage: </li></ul><ul><li>Language is constructed through the creation of « correct » behavioral patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Too rigid. </li></ul><ul><li>Classes tend to drag. </li></ul><ul><li>It’ not contextualized. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s time-consuming. </li></ul>PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA TESL TRAINING COURSE PROF.: MANUEL PERALTA SANTIAGO, FEBRUARY 2012

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