I am going to present : A Framework for International Standard for Conservation Agriculture: Towards Stewardship for Sustainable Production. This work is one of the outputs of my internship in FAO, together with Dr. Theodore Friedrich and Dr. Amir Kassam, we composed a report of good agriculture practices for conservation agriculture. It is meant to serve two different purposes which will be mentioned in following presentation.
The outline of the presentation are shown in this slide: First, I go for introduction, talking about the background and incentives for the standard, following by the purpose of building up standard. And the big portion of the presentation will be used for international standard for conservation agriculture itself, including introduction, structure, example of the content, application
Sustainable intensification of crop production is the strategic objective of FAO for 2010-2019, because we have to deal with the population growth, higher life expectancy, better nutrition demand, pressures on nature resources, and demand on multiple agriculture outputs. As what happening now, agricultural production comes along with depletion of nature resources. Such as
The capability of mitigating climate change, flood and erosion control. Biodiversity conservation and ground water recharge. The upper boxed are the goods coming out of agriculture production, lower boxes represent the environmental services that get depleted in an unsustainable system.
The reason why we see this unbalanced situation is that agricultural goods are main income source of the farmers, on the other hand, environmental services are often regarded as free or public services. Farmers don’t have much motivation to preserve it while production. If we want to make the situation more balanced, we should pursue agro-ecological approach meaning that deliver biological outputs and environmental services at the same time.
The purpose of building up this standard are : promoting CA , so we hope the application of this standard can provide farmers with more tangible
According to Theo’s presentation the other day, the statistic of worldwide CA land reaches 124 M ha.
In terms of certification system, there is only one in the world exclusively for no-till farmers, called AC. It’s already implemented in Argentina, the updated news is that there r already 70 farms certified. Nevertheless, in policy incentives, we didn’t find any good examples, Indian national (professor?)
RTRS: Though these practices are regarded as voluntary adoption. Unilever: . Not all of them are listed as Must or Mandatory requirement in Unilever Sustainable Agriculture Code
A framework for international standard for CA: towards stewardship for sustainable production. S. J. Lin
Lin S.J, Friedrich T., Hansmann B, Kassam A.Presenter: Shang-Jung, Lin(MSc Organic Agriculture, Wageningen University)Date: 29 Sep 2011
Outline Introduction Purpose International Standard for Conservation Agriculture General introduction Structure Example of content Application Challenges and further development
Introduction FAO strategic objective A 2010-2019 : sustainable intensification of crop production Population Growth Higher life expectancy, better nutrition demand Pressures on nature resources Demand on multiple agricultural outputs Agricultural Production Comes along with depletion of nature resources
Introduction Goods Food Feed Fiber Fuel + + + + Environmental - - - - Services Climate Flood and Biodiversity Ground Water Change Erosion Control Conservation Recharge Mitigation
Introduction Free or Public Services Income Environmental Sources Services Goods balance Conservation Agriculture Sustainable Crop Intensification via Agro- ecological Approches
Purposes Promote CA application by providing extended benefits to farmers who practice this concept Reward farmers with more tangible forms Assure the integrity of CA practices by setting up Good Agriculture Practices specifically for CA Follow three pillars in order to receive the real effects of CA farming Mitigate the gap between different initiatives regarding certification schemes Definition of level of tillage and soil cover etc.
International Standard for Conservation Agriculture Scope Any crop including annual crops and perennial crops grown worldwide Potential Users Farmers CA Communities of Practices (CoPs) Stewardship owners Governments Growth Potential 124 M ha of no-tillage area worldwide currently Expanding at the rate of 6 M ha per annum
International Standard for Conservation Agriculture Structure of the Standard: Fodder Production Major practicesForward Planning Precise OperationEconomically Feasible Reduce Usage of Pesticide and Herbicide
International Standard for Conservation Agriculture Structure of the Standard: 1. Soil Management 2. Water Management - Avoid mechanical soil - Build up soil organic matter and disturbance implement soil restoration - Avoid soil compaction - Maximum water infiltration and - Maintain soil cover reduce evaporation losses - Avoid soil from contamination - Impact assessment of water with agrochemicals management 3. Crop and Fodder 4. Inputs Management Production - Seeds - Implement crop rotation - Agrochemicals - Conduct crop protection - Fertilizer and nutrient management - Close Nutrient cycle by - Energy management integrating system
International Standard for Conservation Agriculture •Content of the Standard
International Standard for Conservation Agriculture Application of Standard To be certified for To be operated as a Stewardship policy incentives Agricultura Certificada (AC) National CA Program (India)
- Stewardship for Sustainable Agriculture • To Create a Module as “CA Module” following the Standard • Farms comply with CA module are equally qualified for getting certificationCertification Target Mentioning about CA practiceProliferationsRound Table on All kinds of Three pillars of CA are mentioned as methodsResponsible Soy Soy of soil erosion control and preventionAssociation production practices in RTRS standard.Rain Forest Alliance Agricultural Three pillars of CA are described as criteria in products, climate module comprised in Sustainable forest Agriculture Standard.Unilever Sustainable Agricultural The principles of CA are covered through theagriculture products content in Crop Growing Guidelines ex: to keep soil covered, economical viably crop rotation, minimum tillage
- Payment for Environmental Services How CA standard fit in PES scheme? Conservation effects of CA should be recognized by PES projects Farmers comply with CA standard are rewarded with PES benefits. Steps Map depiction (Soil, Watershed, Biodiversity, tillage level) Define Baseline Incorporate with point system or scoring system Examples for PES Carbon Offsets Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) Alberta Offset System (AOS) Water Management RUPES Project: Eco-friendly land use management Itaipu with FEBRAPDP: Eco-friendly farming
- Policy Incentives How CA standard fit in policy support scheme Governments recognize CA as one of the agri-environmental measures Point CA faming as one of the desired conditions in rural area Steps Mapping Describe desired conditions Identify indicators Potential for Policy Support Low Carbon Emission Agricultural Program (Brazil) ECAF
International Standard for Conservation Agriculture Challenges How the standard be adopted in various local condition? How the standard well applies to smallholders? How to distinguish the level of performance? Further Development Waste management Define Mandatory practices and adjustable practices Identify sustainability indicators Combine with measurement tools Develop scoring system
Acknowledgement Delta Foundation (Taiwan ) Dr. Theodore Freidrich (FAO) Dr. Amir Kassam (Reading University) Dr. Berthold Hansmann (GIZ) Dr. Tom Goddard (Alberta) Dr. Ivo Mello (CAAPAS) Agronomist Juliana Albertengo (Aapreid)