What	  does	  the	  science	  say?	  	  	  Mobilising	  sustainable	  agriculture	  to	  meet	  	  food	  security	  chall...
Key	  challenges	                                                             Asia	               Africa	                 ...
Key	  challenges	                                                                  Hunger	  Water	  Availability	         ...
Commission	  on	  Sustainable	  Agriculture	  and	  Climate	  Change	        §  Recent	  assessments	  make	  a	  compell...
Seven	  recommendaGons	                                          Concrete,	  urgent	  acCons	  by	  governments,	  insCtuC...
Photo:	  N.	  Palmer	  (CIAT)	  Recommenda<on	  1:	  	  	  Integrate	  food	  security	  and	  sustainable	  agriculture	 ...
Example:	  	  Brazil	  •  Major	  global	  food	  producer	  with	  70%	  of	     emissions	  from	  deforestaCon,	  land	...
Photo:	  N.	  Palmer	  (CIAT)	  Recommenda<on	  2:	  	  Significantly	  raise	  the	  level	  of	  global	  investment	  in...
Photo:	  Gates	  FoundaCon	  Example:	  	  Kenya	  •  1/3	  undernourished;	  4/5	  depend	  on	     agriculture	  for	  l...
Photo:	  E.Phipps	  (CIMMYT)	  Recommenda<on	  3:	  Sustainably	  intensify	  agricultural	  producGon	  while	  reducing	...
Example:	  	  China	  •  Agricultural	  GDP	  growing	  ~6%	  and	  R&D	  spending	  increasing	     ~10%	  annually	  	  ...
Photo:	  UNDP	  Recommenda<on	  4:	  Target	  populaGons	  and	  sectors	  that	  are	  most	  vulnerable	  to	  climate	 ...
Photo:	  Trees	  for	  the	  Future	  Example:	  	  Ethiopia	  •  Produc>ve	  Safety	  Net	  Program:	  Cash	     transfer...
Photo:	  L	  Cheung	  (USDA)	  Recommenda<on	  5:	  Reshape	  food	  access	  and	  consumpGon	  paWerns	  to	  ensure	  b...
Example:	  	  France	  •  4/10	  adults	  overweight	  or	  obese	  •  In	  2004,	  legislaCon	  introduced	  requiring	  ...
Photo:	  K	  Robinson	  (Panos)	   Recommenda<on	  6:	  Reduce	  loss	  and	   waste	  in	  food	  systems,	  parGcularly	...
Example:	  	  United	  Kingdom	  •  On	  farm	  losses:	  Worldwide	  need	  for	  bemer	  control	  of	  pests	     and	 ...
Photo:	  N.	  Palmer	  (CIAT)	   Recommenda<on	  7:	  Create	  comprehensive,	   shared,	  integrated	  informaGon	  syste...
Example:	  	  Australia	                                                                                                  ...
A	  safe	                                                                                    The	  climate	  change	  that...
Relevance	  of	  Commission	  findings	  to	  global	  processes	  	  §  UNFCCC	  [RecommendaCon	  1]	       Ø Work	  pro...
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John Beddington Keynote speech at Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

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John Beddington Keynote speech at Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

  1. 1. What  does  the  science  say?      Mobilising  sustainable  agriculture  to  meet    food  security  challenges  Sir  John  Beddington,  Chair  Commission  on  Sustainable  Agriculture  and  Climate  Change   Agriculture  &  Rural  Development  Day  2011  –  Durban,  South  Africa  
  2. 2. Key  challenges   Asia   Africa   Source:  UNPD,  2011  Nature,  October  2011,  478,  300-­‐301  
  3. 3. Key  challenges   Hunger  Water  Availability   Currently  884  million   people  lack  access  to   clean  water    Water  availability  Land  degradaGon:  1.5  billion   Weather:  7.5  billion  USD  lost  depend  on  degrading  land     to  extreme  weather  in  2010   Poverty:  1.4  billion  live   Waste:  1.3  billion  tonnes   on  <USD1.25  /  day   of  food  wasted  each  year    
  4. 4. Commission  on  Sustainable  Agriculture  and  Climate  Change   §  Recent  assessments  make  a  compelling   case  for  acCon  now     §  13  scienCsts  from  around  the  world   §  Aim:  idenCfy  and  promote  policy   acCons  to  achieve  sustainable   agriculture,  food  security  and  poverty   reducCon  while  delivering  climate   change  adaptaCon  and  miCgaCon     §  Evidence-­‐based  policy   recommendaCons    
  5. 5. Seven  recommendaGons   Concrete,  urgent  acCons  by  governments,  insCtuCons,   investors,  agricultural  producers,  consumers,  food   companies,  researchers  Photo:  P.  Casier  (CCAFS)   3  
  6. 6. Photo:  N.  Palmer  (CIAT)  Recommenda<on  1:      Integrate  food  security  and  sustainable  agriculture  into  global  and  naGonal  policies       •  Establish  a  work  programme  on   miCgaCon  and  adaptaCon   •  Finance   early  acCon  to  drive  change   in  agricultural  producCon  systems  (to   increase  resilience  and  miCgate  climate   change   •  Develop  common  plaOorms  at  global,   regional  and  naConal  levels  for  coherent   dialogue  and  policy  acCon  
  7. 7. Example:    Brazil  •  Major  global  food  producer  with  70%  of   emissions  from  deforestaCon,  land  use  change  •  Integrated  approach  to  land  use  policy   Ø Poverty  reduced  from  20%  in  2004  to  7%  in  2010  •  Target:  Reduce  Amazon  deforestaCon  by  80%   by  2015   Ø Ecological  and  economic  zoning  plans  plus  satellite  monitoring  to   fight  illegal  logging  and  balance  compeCng  land  uses  •  2008  NaConal  Climate  Change  Plan  •  Forest  Code:  forest  cover  in  rural  areas    
  8. 8. Photo:  N.  Palmer  (CIAT)  Recommenda<on  2:    Significantly  raise  the  level  of  global  investment  in  sustainable  agriculture  and  food  systems  in  the  next  decade  •  Implement  and  strengthen  G8  L’Aquila  commitments  to   sustainable  agriculture  and  food  security  •  Enable  finance  mechanisms  to  prioriCse  sustainable   agriculture  programmes.  Eg  UNFCC  Fast  Start  funding  •  Increase  knowledge  of  best  pracCces  and  access  to  innovaCon   •  eg,  supporCng  revitalised  extension  services  
  9. 9. Photo:  Gates  FoundaCon  Example:    Kenya  •  1/3  undernourished;  4/5  depend  on   agriculture  for  livelihoods  •  Poverty  among  smallholder  dairy  producers  •  More  efficient  producCon  and  improved   access  to  markets  can  boost  smallholder   livelihoods  and  meet  increasing  food  demand  •  East  Africa  Dairy  Development  Project:  improve  access  to   markets  and  reduce  post-­‐harvest  losses   •  Store  and  chill  milk  at  collecCon  hubs   •  Training  and  business  associaCons   •  Breeding  technologies  and  nutriCon  pracCces  
  10. 10. Photo:  E.Phipps  (CIMMYT)  Recommenda<on  3:  Sustainably  intensify  agricultural  producGon  while  reducing  greenhouse  gas  emissions  and  other  negaGve  environmental  impacts  of  agriculture    •  Develop  and  facilitate  mulC-­‐benefit  farming  systems.  •  Introduce  strategies  for  minimising  ecosystem  degradaCon.  •  Empower  marginalised  food  producers  to  increase   producCvity.    •  Couple  economic  incenCves  for  sustainable  intensificaCon   with  strengthening  governance  of  land  tenure,  for  example.  
  11. 11. Example:    China  •  Agricultural  GDP  growing  ~6%  and  R&D  spending  increasing   ~10%  annually     •  7  people  out  of  poverty  for  each  US$1500  invested  •  Chemical  ferClizers  (383.6  kg/ha)  add  to  GHG  emissions  •  NaConal  Plan  for  the  ConstrucCon  of  ProtecCon  of  CulCvaCon   Projects   •  To  cover  2.7  million/ha  2009-­‐2015   •  1.7  billion  cubic  meters  of  irrigaCon  water  saved   •  1.6  million  severely  degraded  hectares  of  land  reseeded   •  Strategies  to  promote  low-­‐emission,  high-­‐yield  rice   breeds  
  12. 12. Photo:  UNDP  Recommenda<on  4:  Target  populaGons  and  sectors  that  are  most  vulnerable  to  climate  change  and  food  insecurity    •  Develop  funds  that  respond  to  climate  shocks,  such  as  ‘index-­‐ linked  funds’  that  provide  rapid  relief  from  extreme  weather   events  •  Share  country  informaCon  on  producCon  forecasts  and  stocks  •  Create  safety  nets  to  help  vulnerable  populaCons  become   food  secure  •  Harmonise  and  coordinate  global  donor  programmes  
  13. 13. Photo:  Trees  for  the  Future  Example:    Ethiopia  •  Produc>ve  Safety  Net  Program:  Cash   transfers  for  work  by  chronically  food   insecure  populaCons     •  Combined  internaConal  donor  funding   of  over  USD  1.27  billion  (over  six  years)   •  ~1.3  million  made  food  secure   •  Growth  in  livestock  holdings   •  9  million  ha  rehabilitated   •  Bemer  access  to  clean  water     •  Increase  in  school  amendance    
  14. 14. Photo:  L  Cheung  (USDA)  Recommenda<on  5:  Reshape  food  access  and  consumpGon  paWerns  to  ensure  basic  nutriGonal  needs  are  met  and  to  foster  healthy  and  sustainable  eaGng  habits  worldwide  •  Harmonise  development  policy  and  coordinate   regional  programmes  •  Promote  posiCve  diets  through  innovaCve   educaCon  campaigns  and  economic  incenCves  •  Evidence-­‐based  sustainability  metrics  and   standards  to  monitor  and  evaluate  food   security,  nutriCon  and  health  and  provide   consumers  clear  labelling  
  15. 15. Example:    France  •  4/10  adults  overweight  or  obese  •  In  2004,  legislaCon  introduced  requiring   adverCsements  for  processed  food  and   drink  to  include  health  informaCon  •  Levies  on  companies  that  opt  out  used  for   health  prevenCon  and  educaCon  (1.5  %  of   adverCsing  budget)  •  In  2007,  legislaCon  was  amended  to   require  health  messages  to  emphasise   eaCng  fruits  and  vegetables  
  16. 16. Photo:  K  Robinson  (Panos)   Recommenda<on  6:  Reduce  loss  and   waste  in  food  systems,  parGcularly   from  infrastructure,  farming   pracGces,  processing,  distribuGon   and  household  habits  •  Sustainable  agriculture  development  programmes  with   components  on  reducing  waste  •  Economic  innovaCon  to  enable  low-­‐income  producers  to   store  food  •  Promote  dialogue  and  convene  working  partnerships  across   food  supply  chains  
  17. 17. Example:    United  Kingdom  •  On  farm  losses:  Worldwide  need  for  bemer  control  of  pests   and  diseases   Ø eg,  “Push-­‐pull”  companion  planCng  strategies  developed  by   scienCsts  at  Rothamsted  Research  in  collaboraCon  with  ICIPE  and   KARI,  Kenya  to  control  stem  borer  moths  in  maize  and  sorghum   crops  in  Eastern  Africa  •  Post  farm  losses:  18%  of  GHG  emissions  linked  to  food  supply   chains;  ~22%  of  household  food  and  drink  is  wasted   Ø WRAP  worked  with  grocery  sector  on  large-­‐scale  consumer-­‐ facing  campaigns  (eg,  Love  Food  Hate  Waste)   Ø 670  000  tonnes  of  food  waste  diverted  from  landfills,  saving  £600   million/year  
  18. 18. Photo:  N.  Palmer  (CIAT)   Recommenda<on  7:  Create  comprehensive,   shared,  integrated  informaGon  systems  that   encompass  human  and  ecological  dimensions  •  Sustain  and  increase  investment  in  regular   monitoring  •  Support  improved  transparency  and  access  to   informaCon  in  global  food  markets  •  Enable  policy-­‐makers  to  navigate  trade-­‐offs   among  agricultural  intensificaCon,  nutriConal   security  and  environmental  consequences  
  19. 19. Example:    Australia   Photo:  M  Castley,  Private  Forests  Tasmania  •  Australian  agriculture,  including   land  clearing,  accounts  for  25  %  of   its  GHG  emissions  •  Climate  change  and  water  over-­‐ allocaCon  threatens  agricultural   producCon  •  Bureau  of  Meteorology  and  CSIRO  help  farmers  prepare:   •  Seasonal  Climate  Outlooks  with  detailed  forecasts     •  Risk  assessments  and  longer-­‐term  climate  projecCons    •  Australia’s  Farming  Futures  programme  provides  informaCon,   training  and  support  to  help  farmers  adapt  to  climate  change  
  20. 20. A  safe   The  climate  change  that  is  likely   in  relaCon  to  various  levels  of  operaGng   food  producCon  space  for   Food  needed  to  feed  the   global  food  producCon  (kcal  x1015/y)   world  populaCon,  including  the  food   waste  and  inequity  of  access   Safe    system   Space   projected   future  posiCon   on  current  trends   present   posiCon   The  maximum  food   producCon  under   different   levels  of  climate  change   global  mean  warming  (°C)  
  21. 21. Relevance  of  Commission  findings  to  global  processes    §  UNFCCC  [RecommendaCon  1]   Ø Work  programme  on  agricultural  miCgaCon  and  adaptaCon   Ø Finance  ‘early  acCon’  towards  resilience  and  miCgaCon  in   agricultural  producCon  systems     Ø PrioriCze  sustainable  agriculture  for   UNFCCC  Fast  Start  funding  as  well  as  major   development  banks  and  other  global   finance  mechanisms    §  Rio+20  Earth  Summit  §  G20    

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