pattern of organization

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pattern of organization

  1. 1. Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela Ministerio del Poder Popular Para la Educación Universitaria Instituto Universitario Tecnológico de Ejido Ingles Instrumental PNFI PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATION IN THE TEXT Lcdo. Jesús contreras Bailadores, Julio 2011
  2. 2. Objetivos <ul><li>Objetivo general : </li></ul><ul><li>Identificar los patrones organizacionales de textos escritos en ingles, para obtener la idea principal del texto. </li></ul><ul><li>Objetivos específicos: </li></ul><ul><li>Reconocer las palabras señales de los textos. </li></ul><ul><li>Identificar las diferencias entre los patrones organizaciones. </li></ul><ul><li>Aplicar los patrones organizacionales </li></ul>
  3. 3. PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATIONS The plan of action is the order in which the material will be presented in the text. This order, often called a pattern of organization, should be present in acceptable writing from the smallest to the largest unit of writing
  4. 4. <ul><li>Simple Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Chronological (Time) Order or Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison – Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and Effect </li></ul>PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATIONS
  5. 5. <ul><li>Simple Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Signal words often used for simple listing are: </li></ul><ul><li>in addition </li></ul><ul><li>several </li></ul><ul><li>also </li></ul><ul><li>for example </li></ul><ul><li>another </li></ul><ul><li>a number of </li></ul>PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATIONS
  6. 6. PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATIONS <ul><li>Chronological (Time) Order or Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Signal words: often used for chronological order or sequence are: </li></ul><ul><li>first, second, third </li></ul><ul><li>until etc. </li></ul><ul><li>al last </li></ul><ul><li>before, after </li></ul><ul><li>next </li></ul><ul><li>when </li></ul><ul><li>later </li></ul>
  7. 7. PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATIONS <ul><li>Comparison – Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Signal words often used for comparison-contrast are: </li></ul><ul><li>similar, different </li></ul><ul><li>bigger than, smaller </li></ul><ul><li>on the other hand </li></ul><ul><li>than </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>in the same way </li></ul><ul><li>however </li></ul><ul><li>parallels </li></ul>
  8. 8. PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATIONS <ul><li>Cause and Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Signal words often used for cause and effect are: </li></ul><ul><li>for this reason </li></ul><ul><li>hence </li></ul><ul><li>consequently </li></ul><ul><li>because </li></ul><ul><li>on that account </li></ul><ul><li>made </li></ul>
  9. 9. Identifying Organization patterns: <ul><li>Simple Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Chronological (Time) Order or Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison – Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and Effect </li></ul>Exercises Nº 1 Exercises Nº 2

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