Types of paragraphs

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Types of paragraphs

  1. 1. TYPES OF PARAGRAPHS Zulma Yazmín Garzón Nivia Teoría Discursiva Grupo 2 Cliclo 4 2013
  2. 2. CONTENTS. 1. Definition. 2. Structure. 2.1 Topic sentence. 2.2 Body. 2.3 Conclusion. 3. Types of paragraphs. 3.1 Narration. 3.2 Description. 3.3 Exposition.
  3. 3. CONTENTS. • 3.4 Definition. • 3.5 Comparison or contrast. • 3.6 Process analysis. • 3.7 Persuasion . • 4. Coherence. • 5. Some useful transition .words. • 6. Benefits. • 7. References.
  4. 4. 1. DEFINITION • Paragraphs are the building blocks of papers. • A paragraph consists of several sentences that are grouped together. This group of sentences together discuss one main subject.
  5. 5. 2. STRUCTURE • The elementary paragraph structure consists of a topic sentence, the body of the paragraph, and the conclusion.
  6. 6. 2.1 TOPIC SENTENCE • A well-organized paragraph supports or develops a single controlling idea, which is expressed in a sentence called the topic sentence. • A topic sentence states the main point of a paragraph.
  7. 7. 2.2 BODY • Provides the evidence, or explain the content of the topic sentence. • Discusses the controlling idea, using facts, arguments, analysis, examples, and other information.
  8. 8. 2.3 CONCLUSION • The final section; summarizes the connections between the information discussed in the body of the paragraph and the paragraph’s controlling idea.
  9. 9. 3. TYPES OF PARAGRAPHS. • These modes are mixed in natural combinations; for example, narration frequently includes description • The following paragraphs are narration, exposition, defini tion, classification, descripti on, process analysis, and persuasion.
  10. 10. 3.1 NARRATION. • A narrative paragraph tells a story of one specific event. • The topic sentence will identify the event clearly and signal your value judgment,
  11. 11. 3.2 DESCRIPTION. • Can be used to explain an object, event, person, process, p osition, express and clarify thoughts and emotions, strengthen your conclusions of narrating and other paragraphs. • This type of paragraph causes us to think in more detail about a person, place, event, or situation
  12. 12. 3.3 EXPOSITION. • Topic sentence identifies a process and presents an attitude toward the process. • The paragraph will include at least three examples that support your conclusion, as well as an valid counterexamples that oppose it.
  13. 13. 3.4 DEFINITION. • A paragraph that precisely explains what something is or how it looks or works, its purpose, etc. • This type of paragraph answers the question, “What do you mean?”
  14. 14. 3.5 COMPARISON OR CONTRAST. • Your attitude statement should provide an explicit and clear reason where and why you think these two items are similar or different
  15. 15. 3.6 PROCESS ANALYSIS. • Analyze the process into a series of steps. Put the steps into sequence. • In describing how a process happens or how to perform a series of actions, always think of your readers: can they follow this?
  16. 16. 3.7 PERSUASION. • To persuade people to change their minds or take an action, more is needed than your opinion or sense of conviction. You need to supply them with the information, analysis, and context they need to form their own opinions, make their own judgments, and take action.
  17. 17. 4. COHERENCE. • In a coherent paragraph, each sentence relates clearly to the topic sentence or controlling idea. • A number of other techniques that you can use to establish coherence in paragraphs are:.
  18. 18. 4. COHERENCE. • Repeat key words or phrases • Create parallel structures. • Be consistent in point of view, verb tense, and number. • Use transition words or phrases between sentences and between paragraphs
  19. 19. 5. SOME USEFUL TRANSITION WORDS. • To show addition: Again, and, also, besides, eq ually important, first (second, etc.), further, further more, in addition, in the first place, moreover, next, too
  20. 20. 5. SOME USEFUL TRANSITION WORDS. • To give examples: for example, for instance, in fact, specifically, that is, to illustrate
  21. 21. 5. SOME USEFUL TRANSITION WORDS. • To compare: Also, in the same manner, likewise, similarly.
  22. 22. 5. SOME USEFUL TRANSITION WORDS. • To summarize or conclude: All in all, in conclusion, in other words, in short, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to sum
  23. 23. 5. SOME USEFUL TRANSITION WORDS. • To indicate logical relationship: Accordingly, as a result, because, consequentl y, for this reason, hence, if, otherwise, s ince, so, then, therefore, thus
  24. 24. 5. SOME USEFUL TRANSITION WORDS. • To contrast: Although, and yet, at the same time, but, despite, even though, however, in contrast, in spite of, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, still, though,
  25. 25. 6. BENEFITS • Enables us to write a paper with more focus. • Adds variety and structure to our writing. • Assists our thought process by leading us to consider different kinds of questions.
  26. 26. REFERENCES • Seven Types of Paragraph Development http://www.write.armstrong. edu/handouts/Modes.pdf • Indiana University Bloodmington. Paragraphs and Topic Sentences. http://www.indiana.edu/~wt s/pamphlets/paragraphs.sht ml

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