GRAMENE RData Liberation Via Visualization: Migration Patterns in India
Introduction Indian School of Business – Top ranked Business school in India, located in Hyderabad Fosters research in various business domains, such as Finance, Marketing, Emerging Markets and Information Systems SRITNE is one such research center that focuses on the business and societal value of IT One of the initiatives under SRITNE is Asia Analytics Lab headed by Prof. Galit Shmueli Asia Analytics Labs is the focal point of data analytics initiatives, education, research and business applications in the Asian context
Data Liberation Via Visualization A joint collaboration between SRITNE and Gramener One of the objectives is to develop and promote use of visual analytics Foster a culture of open data within the academic community
Agenda Introduction Migration Patterns Within the State Across States Rural – Urban movement Key Reasons for Migration Do the reasons vary by state? Reason vs Post-migration status Evolution of Migration over the years
Migration: Key Statistics 572,254 30% Surveyed Migrants Population NSS 2007-08 Geographic Distribution of Intra- State movement Inbount vs Intra- Across- Outbound pattern State States across States 85% 15% Migration between Rural and Urban regions
Intra-State migration Patterns Number of migrants moving within each of the States… 0 17,836 0% 37% 36% 17k 9k 10k 33% 14k Top churn in bigger %Churn highlights states, except 37% 4 different 11k Bihar states/UTs 33% 34% …in absolute numbers …as a % of state’s survey size
Inter-State migration: Net Gain/Loss View Net Inflow (i.e Inbound – Outbound) of migrants into each State… -3,261 1,953 -6% 40% +41% Chandiga 1,285 +21% rh -3,261 -5% -6% -2,471 Daman & +29% Diu Net loss for UP, +34% 1,953 +5% D&N Haveli Bihar % Net gain for UTs Net gain for Delhi, MH +23% +22% Puducher A&N ry Islands…in absolute numbers …as a % of state’s survey size (rescaled)
Top destinations forInter-State migration: States Heat-map UP, BH, RJ migrants Consistent migration in geographic proximity
Gradually increasing / changing with evolving economicconditions
Do people in certain states move due aparticular reason?
People in Tripura migrate mostly because of Forced Reasons, whereas the mostdominant reason in UP is Marriage!
What do they migrate for: PostMigration Employment Status
Women who marry and migrate are involved in Domestic Duties,while men who migrate are employed as wage employees.
Migration Summary Intra-state migration is higher than the inter-state migration UP and Bihar lose the maximum number of people whereas Maharashtra and the Union Territories gain Rural to Rural Migration is dominant, and very rarely Urban population moves to Rural areas Marriage and Employment drive the migration patterns in India Women are generally involved in Domestic Duties post migration whereas Men are working as Wage workers
Why Visual Analytics? Visual Analytics – comprehensive and compelling, eye-catchy and pleasing Enables you get a snap-shot of large datasets and the underlying story Enhances the chances of seeing unknown patterns Encompasses analytical reasoning techniques, data- processing techniques, visual representations, design and creating business value Finally, it’s fun!