Past Simple , Past Continuous , Past Perfect

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Past Simple , Past Continuous , Past Perfect

  1. 1. Grammar in Use<br />Past simple , Past continuous , Past perfect and Past perfect continuous <br />
  2. 2. Past simple ( I did )<br />The past of the verb be (am ,is ,are) is was/were:<br /> I/he/she/it wasWe/you/they were<br />I was cooked the dinner We were played tennis yesterday.<br /> I was angry because Tom and Ann were late<br />In past simple questions and negatives we use did/didn’t + the infinitive:<br /> It rained Did it rain? It didn’t rain<br />Did you go out last night ?<br /> Yes, I went to the cinema. But I didn’t enjoy the film<br />
  3. 3. Past continuous (I was doing)<br />This is the continuous tense:<br />I/he/she was <br /> + verb + ing + … + time.<br />We/they/you were <br /> I was cooking the dinner <br />What were we doing at 10 o’clock yesterday? <br /> We were playing tennis at 10 o’clock yesterday.<br />Tom was cooking the dinner. (Past continuous)<br /> Tom was cooked the dinner. (Past simple) <br />
  4. 4. Present perfect ( I have done)<br />This is the present perfect (simple) tense : <br />I/we/they/you have(=I’ve etc.)<br /> + verb(pp)<br />He/she has (=he’s etc)<br />I’ve lost my key. He has gone to Canada.<br />Have you travelled a lot ?<br />Yes, I’ve been 37 different countries.<br />
  5. 5. Present perfect continuous (I have been doing)<br />This is the present continuous tense:<br />I/we/they/you have(=I’ve etc.)<br />+ been verb + ing<br />He/she has (=he’s etc)<br />What have you been doing ?<br /> I’ve been talking. <br />How long have you been learning English?<br /> I have been learning englishfor 5 years .<br /> I have been learning englishsince 2004.<br />
  6. 6. Present perfect continuouspresent perfect simple<br />PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE:<br />She has been painting the ceiling.<br />I have been writing letters all day.<br />How long have you been reading that book?<br />Jim has been playing tennis since 2 o’clock.<br />PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE:<br />She has painted the ceiling<br />I have written ten letters today.<br />How many pages of that book have you read?<br />Jim has played tennis three times this week.<br />
  7. 7. Present perfect or past simple<br />Present perfect<br />I’ve smoked 20 cigarettes today.<br />Have you seen Ann recently?<br />John has lived in London for six years. <br />I have never played golf in my life.<br />Past simple<br />I smoked 20 cigarettes yesterday.<br />Did you see Ann last week?<br />John lived in Scotland for ten years .<br />I didn’t play golf when I was on holiday Last summer.<br />

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