Medical Instruments

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A brief Introduction To Medical Instrument That Commonly Used In The ward

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  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • MARA University of Technology Malaysia
  • Medical Instruments

    1. 1. MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS A Brief Introduction To Medical Instruments That Commonly Used In The Ward September 2009
    2. 2. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Needle forceps used to hold or grasp curved needles during various suture procedures.
    3. 3. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Dressing scissors To cut gauze while do dressing
    4. 4. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Ear Syringes (stainless steel) To put irrigation fluid such as normal saline for ears irrigation
    5. 5. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Undine <ul><li>To put irrigation fluid such as normal saline for eyes irrigation to </li></ul><ul><li>wash the eye thoroughly following alkali or acid burns </li></ul><ul><li>prevent corneal and conjunctival scarring </li></ul><ul><li>remove multiple foreign bodies from the eye </li></ul>
    6. 6. Bard Parker handle <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>Hold blades </li></ul><ul><li>It fit various size of blades </li></ul>
    7. 7. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Iris scissors It small, 3-4 inches long with sharp points, used for ophthalmic surgery e.g.: iridectomy
    8. 8. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Stitch Scissors Function is to cut sutures Have a straight-shaped point on one blade to cut under the stitch before cutting it with the opposing blade
    9. 9. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Cheatle forceps & Cheatle Jar <ul><li>Recognized by their longer length </li></ul><ul><li>To take sterile instrument </li></ul><ul><li>can be used for placing and removing items </li></ul>
    10. 10. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Curved mayo scissors Both blades are slightly curved and blunt ended tips. Function: - used for cutting deep, heavy, or tough tissue
    11. 11. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Straight mayo scissors Both blades are straight and blunt ended tips. Function: - suture cutting scissors, normally not used on tissue.
    12. 12. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Vomit bowl <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>used as the container for patient to vomit. </li></ul><ul><li>Must put disinfectant (dettol / inhibitane) to weaken the microorganism and for easier washing. </li></ul>
    13. 13. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Sputum mug <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>Used as the container for patient to expectorate. </li></ul><ul><li>Must put disinfectant (dettol / inhibitane) to weaken the microorganism and for easier washing. </li></ul>
    14. 14. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Sponge-holding/Sponge forceps <ul><li>Sponge forceps handle sponges, gauzes, or sensitive medical supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponge forceps to hold antiseptic cotton swabs and gauge before the surgery. </li></ul>
    15. 15. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Tongue forceps/ Tongue holder These forceps hold tongue during surgery or to prevent it from falling back so as not to obstruct breathing
    16. 16. nisaaziz MARA University of Technology Malaysia Episiotomy scissors <ul><li>(A): Braun-Stadler Episiotomy Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>(B) : Wallman Episiotomy Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>The function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For cutting the perineal skin and tissue (episiotomy) to facilitate the passage of the foetal head during labor. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. nisaaziz MARA University of Technology Malaysia Gallipot <ul><li>The function/uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To put cotton, gauze, cream, solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>during dressing. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. nisaaziz MARA University of Technology Malaysia Hot Water Bag <ul><li>The function/uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot compress-reduce pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm up baby beds </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Glass Lab Funnel <ul><li>Function : can be used to target liquids into any container so they will not be lost or spilled. </li></ul>
    20. 20. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Disposable Dissecting Forceps Function:  use during dressing (used for grasping, manipulating, or extracting, especially such an instrument, cotton or gauze)
    21. 21. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Test Tube Holder Function: To hold the test tube when they are hot and untouchable
    22. 22. Aneurysm Needle Function; To catch small blood vessel and nerve.
    23. 23. Introducer Function; To make a hole for chest tube or peritoneal insertion Trocar Introducer MARA University of Technology Malaysia
    24. 24. Proctoscope -to examine the anal cavity, rectum or sigmoid colon.
    25. 25. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Probe To measure the depth of wound , sinus
    26. 26. MARA University of Technology Malaysia SIM’S VAGINA SPECULUM <ul><li>Usage: </li></ul><ul><li>To dilate vagina for easy vagina examination (VE) or delivery </li></ul>
    27. 27. MARA University of Technology Malaysia TENDON HAMMER <ul><li>Usage: </li></ul><ul><li>A reflex hammer is used by physicians to test deep tendon reflexes. </li></ul><ul><li>to detect abnormalities in the central or peripheral nervous system. </li></ul>
    28. 28. MARA University of Technology Malaysia KIDNEY DISH to receive and hold soiled dressings, fluids, needles, or the instrument needed for a minor procedure and other medical waste
    29. 29. MARA University of Technology Malaysia CLIP REMOVAL / CLIP APPLICATOR to remove the staplers from the skin to a clamping or surgical stapling device for joining tissue applied to close or connect incisions and skin wounds
    30. 30. MARA University of Technology Malaysia MOUTH GAG Functions: To open the mouth. Used during doing mouth toilet at the comatose patient.
    31. 31. MARA University of Technology Malaysia UMBILICAL CORD SCISSORS Functions: To cut and clamp off the umbilical cord following birth.
    32. 32. TONGUE DEPRESSOR Have thin wooden blade, smoothed and rounded at both ends 1) To suppress the tongue to allow for examination of the mouth and throat. 2) To spread ointments and to mix medications.
    33. 33. MARA University of Technology Malaysia adult children Mcgill Forceps 1) To guide a tracheal tube into the larynx or a nasogastric tube into the esophagus under direct vision. 2) To place pharyngeal packs and remove foreign bodies The handles are specially curved so that operator’s hand does not obstruct his view.
    34. 34. Thudichum’s nasal speculum <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>Used for visualization of external nose. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anterior-inferior part of nasal septum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anterior part of inferior and middle turbinate </li></ul></ul>MARA University of Technology Malaysia
    35. 35. Thudichum’s nasal speculum (cont.) MARA University of Technology Malaysia
    36. 36. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Peak flow meter Function: measures the patient's maximum speed of expiration, or peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR or PEF). (Wikipedia, 2009)
    37. 37. Peak flow meter (cont.) <ul><li>Peak flow readings are often classified into 3 zones of measurement according to the American Lung Association; (green, yellow, and red). </li></ul><ul><li>Health practitioners can develop an asthma management plan based on the green-yellow-red zones. </li></ul>Mouthpiece Spacer body Measurement scale MARA University of Technology Malaysia
    38. 38. Peak flow meter (cont.) MARA University of Technology Malaysia ZONE READING DESCRIPTION Green zone 80-100% of the usual or normal peak flow readings. A peak flow reading in the green zone indicates that the asthma is under good control. Yellow zone 50-80% of the usual or normal peak flow readings. Indicates caution. It may mean respiratory airways are narrowing and additional medication may be required. Red zone Less than 50% of the usual or normal peak flow readings. Indicates a medical emergency. Severe airway narrowing may be occurring and immediate action needs to be taken. This would usually involves contacting the health practitioners or hospital.
    39. 39. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Measuring jug Functions: To measure fluids. (urine, vomitus, PD fluid, drainage and etc)
    40. 40. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Toothed dissecting forceps Functions: easily grasp small objects or tissue to move and release it to grasp and hold tissue.
    41. 41. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Non-toothed dissecting forceps Functions : for holding structures and restricting their movement to hold small swabs.
    42. 42. MARA University of Technology Malaysia CURVE MOSQUITO FORCEPS Allow easier placement of ligatures around the forceps Use in surgery for temporary occlusion of a vessel
    43. 43. MARA University of Technology Malaysia STRAIGHT MOSQUITO FORCEPS For grasping artery or blood vessel To hold delicate tissue Use in most surgical procedure
    44. 44. CATHETER TRAY <ul><li>To soak the suction catheter </li></ul><ul><li>To put any sterile equipment, e.g forceps and scissors </li></ul>MARA University of Technology Malaysia
    45. 45. Dressing forceps <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To hold cotton, gauze during dressing procedure </li></ul>
    46. 46. Fetal scope <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To listen fetal heart </li></ul>
    47. 47. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Tuning Fork Used to determine whether a hearing loss is conductive or perceptive. Can be Weber test or Rinne test.
    48. 48. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Crocodile Forceps To remove foreign body from ear, nose, throat (ENT) procedure.
    49. 49. Artery Forceps Artery forceps are primarily use as haemostatic forceps to grasp vessels and allow ligation of those vessels. They vary in size for use on fine, delicate vessels to large vascular pedicles. Artery forceps can also be used to grasp tissues, sutures and other prosthetic materials.
    50. 50. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Cusco/Vaginal/Duck Bill Speculum A vaginal speculum is a vital medical instrument that retracts the vaginal walls, to visualize the interior aspects of the vagina. The device will prevent the vaginal walls from collapsing during a surgical procedure or in gynecological examination. It also used in taking specimen such as pap smear.
    51. 51. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Trachea Dilator To keep the tracheostomy open
    52. 52. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Drainage Bag’s Hanger To hangs the drainage bag at the bedside.
    53. 53. MARA University of Technology Malaysia Medicine Cup To put medication (syrup/tablet) into it.
    54. 54. Brought To You By:- <ul><li>Degree Student 2006-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Deparment </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty of Health Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>MARA University of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia. </li></ul>MARA University of Technology Malaysia
    55. 55. MARA University of Technology Malaysia <ul><li>Prepared by : </li></ul><ul><li>Adilah,Arasyida,Ayuliza,Emiliana,Ezarina, Faddeli,Fazlina,Firdaus,Haziqah,Hazrullina,Justina,Kunisa’,Mazriyana,Nazalia,Nisa </li></ul><ul><li>Norili,Puterina,Syahirah,Suhaila,Roshida, </li></ul><ul><li>Roziana,Ruziana,Thuwaibatul, Zuhana </li></ul>Supervised by: Puan Noriah Hj. Ahmad

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