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Accessing Treasure on lands and peoples


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Presented by Peter Burnhill at the "Alexander Carmichael: Collecting, Controversy and Contexts" conference, Edinburgh, 23-24 June 2011

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Accessing Treasure on lands and peoples

  1. 1. Accessing treasure on lands and peoples Peter Burnhill Director, EDINA, University of Edinburgh
  2. 3. Inspired by a Keynote remark by Professor Gillies …
  3. 5. Credits: who planned the dive & dived the wreck <ul><li>The team within EDINA: Des Reid, Senior Software Engineer Dimitrios Sferopolous, Software Engineer Neil Mayo, Software Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Jackie Clark, Web Designer </li></ul><ul><li>led by Christine Rees, Head of Bibliographic & Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>And those to whom we all owe lots: (in Centre for Research Collections, IS Library & Collections) Kirsty Stewart (project manager and archivist) Lesley Bryson nee Doig (initial project manager) </li></ul><ul><li>Grant Buttars, Deputy University Archivist Andrew Wiseman, Researcher, TEI expert Donald William Stewart, Senior Project Researcher </li></ul><ul><li>led by Arnott Wilson (University Archivist) & John Scally (University Collections) </li></ul>
  4. 6. A treasure to be unlocked
  5. 8. <ul><li>Digital Library has mixed parentage - a ‘re-mix’ of the document tradition & the computation tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ approaches based on a concern with documents, with signifying records : archives, bibliography, documentation, librarianship, records management, and the like … [ Domain knowledge speak ] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ approaches based on uses of formal techniques , whether mechanical (such as punch cards and data-processing equipment) or mathematical/computational (as in algorithmic procedures).” [ Software engineer speak ] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prof. Michael Buckland, Presidential Address, American Society for Information Science, JASIS’s 50th (1998) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>Languages & Perspectives
  6. 9. Heard report on work from the Dive Team On from the marvels of reading and interpreting of marks on paper of the notebook entries … and the meticulous transcription into machine-readable text … and their tagging using Encoded Archival Description (EAD) with text in XML format* * * mark-up that software can process more easily
  7. 10. Example of the XML EAD data (1) <ul><li><!DOCTYPE ead PUBLIC &quot;+//ISBN 1-931666-00-8//DTD ead.dtd (Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Version 2002)//EN&quot; &quot;ead.dtd”> </li></ul><ul><li><c level=&quot;item&quot; id=&quot;GB-237-Coll-97-CW114-42”> </li></ul><ul><li><did> </li></ul><ul><li><unitid encodinganalog=&quot;isadg(2)311&quot; label=&quot;Reference code&quot;>GB 237 Coll-97/CW114/42</unitid> </li></ul><ul><li><physloc label=&quot;Shelfmark&quot; encodinganalog=&quot;shelfmark&quot;>CW102-121<physloc> </li></ul><ul><li><unittitle encodinganalog=&quot;isadg(2)312&quot;>Song about Uamh-an-Oir, accompanying story and notes</unittitle> </li></ul><ul><li><unitdate encodinganalog=&quot;isadg(2)313&quot; certainty=&quot;certain&quot; normal=&quot;&quot; type=&quot;inclusive&quot;>1867</unitdate> </li></ul><ul><li><repository label=&quot;Repository&quot; encodinganalog=&quot;NAHSTE31&quot;>Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections</repository> </li></ul><ul><li><physdesc label=&quot;Extent and Medium of the Unit of Description&quot; encodinganalog=&quot;isadg(2)315&quot; audience=&quot;external”> </li></ul><ul><li><extent>folio 67v, line 17 to folio 68r, line 4</extent> </li></ul><ul><li><dimensions/> </li></ul><ul><li></physdesc> </li></ul><ul><li><!--Replace language code if other than English with ISO 639-2 three letter language code. Add further language tags if necessary  </li></ul><ul><li><langmaterial> </li></ul><ul><li><language langcode=&quot;gla&quot;>Gaelic</language> </li></ul>
  8. 11. Work at the Refactory The XML files were passed to engineers at EDINA … import script in Perl that parses the XML and constructs the relational structure, with reference to an existing database schema as shown. <ul><li>The green boxes indicate high-level entities: catalogue entry, its transcript and images. </li></ul><ul><li>The pink ‘cat_* boxes’ are links from catalogue entries to such things as places, people and subjects. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Example of the XML EAD data (2) <ul><li><!--Insert controlaccess index terms here if needed  </li></ul><ul><li><!--Delete any tags not required--> </li></ul><ul><li><controlaccess encodinganalog=&quot;NAHSTE38”> </li></ul><ul><li><head>Index</head> </li></ul><ul><li><controlaccess encodinganalog=&quot;NAHSTE381”> </li></ul><ul><li><head>Subjects</head> </li></ul><ul><li><subject authfilenumber=&quot;218&quot;>Caves</subject> </li></ul><ul><li><subject authfilenumber=&quot;327&quot;>Dogs</subject> </li></ul><ul><li><subject authfilenumber=&quot;2665&quot;>Hair</subject> </li></ul><ul><li><subject authfilenumber=&quot;3910&quot;>Loss (of people or things)</subject> </li></ul><ul><li><subject authfilenumber=&quot;3814&quot;>Men</subject> </li></ul><ul><li><subject authfilenumber=&quot;3936&quot;>Rescues</subject> </li></ul><ul><li><subject>Waulking songs</subject> </li></ul><ul><li></controlaccess> </li></ul><ul><li><controlaccess encodinganalog=&quot;NAHSTE382”> </li></ul><ul><li><head>People</head> </li></ul><ul><li><persname authfilenumber=&quot;4708&quot;>| Mor Iain ic Dhòmhnaill Bhàin | fl1867 | Isle of Barra | Inverness-shire</persname> </li></ul><ul><li><persname authfilenumber=&quot;4278&quot;>MacNeil | Roderick | c1790-1875 | Ruaraidh an Rùma | crofter | Mingulay</persname> </li></ul><ul><li></controlaccess> </li></ul>
  10. 13. Example of the XML EAD data (3) <ul><li><language langcode=&quot;eng&quot;>English</language> </li></ul><ul><li></langmaterial> </li></ul><ul><li><origination label=&quot;Name of Creator(s)&quot; encodinganalog=&quot;isadg(2)321&quot;>Alexander Carmichael</origination> </li></ul><ul><li></did> </li></ul><ul><li><scopecontent encodinganalog=&quot;isadg(2)331”> </li></ul><ul><li><head>Scope and Content</head> </li></ul><ul><li><p>Song about Uamh-an-Oir probably collected from Roderick MacNeil, aged 88, crofter, Miùghlaigh/Mingulay beginning 'Na minn bheaga na minn bheaga/theaga, Dol eir creagan dol sna creag' composed of thirteen lines. Uamh-an-Oir is described as starting at Cliata cliff and going under Barra to Gearragaal east of Orasay [Uamh an Òir, Cliaid, Orasaigh, Barraigh/Isle of Barra]. </li></ul><ul><li>The story tells how five men went into the cave with dogs but only the dogs returned and they were hairless. 'The smith of Loch an Duin [Loch an Dùin] put out the torches. Great men sent them in against their will.' </li></ul><ul><li>Carmichael writes a note to himself to see Mor Iain ic Dhonuil Bhain [Mòr Iain ic Dhòmhnaill Bhàin] for the 'oran sith sung here at the luadh...She Knows all about the songs made'. A vocabulary note reads ' &quot;Fiallan fiadhaich&quot; An insect on the brain &amp;c!' Written transversely over the text in ink is 'Transcribed Book No III page 62 A[lexander] C[armichael]’. </li></ul><ul><li></p> </li></ul>
  11. 14. Work at the Refactory This structure is imported into Solr – software used … to control searching copies of the text (which have been normalised for more effective searching) … and for retrieval of text and images to be rendered on the website
  12. 20. Tobar an Dualchais 6,000 new items now available to search & play Over 24,000 tracks of stories, songs, music, poetry and factual information recorded in Scotland and further afield, from 1930s onwards. <ul><li>Thousands of oral recordings recorded in Scotland and further afield, from the 1930s onwards. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>including stories, songs, music, poetry and factual information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HLF funding </li></ul><ul><li>Joint project: Sabhal Mòr Ostaig, University of Edinburgh, BBC Scotland, National Trust for Scotland </li></ul>
  13. 21. Early work between EDINA & Special Collections <ul><li>SCIMSS Special Collections Index of Manuscripts , 1995/96 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once an ‘advanced’ Web service, now retired: Wayback Machine .. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 22. web index was created from the Special Collections’ departmental sets of 180 binders comprising, in alphabetical order, about 54,000 loose-leaf slips containing varied typescript dating from the 1930s.
  15. 23. Early work between EDINA & Special Collections
  16. 28. Early work between EDINA & Special Collections
  17. 29. <ul><li>Launched in 2003, no subscription fee </li></ul><ul><li>Now used by 379 licensed institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Several hundred hours of film, across a side range of subject areas and topics </li></ul><ul><li>Collections include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperial War Museum, Films of Scotland, Royal Mail Film Classics, Digital Himalaya, Culverhouse Classical Music, Logic Lane, Wellcome Film, Biochemical Society, Healthcare Productions, St George’s Medical School Collection, Education & Television Films Ltd, Amber Films, Performance Shakespeare </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Followed BUFVC/OU project for metadata, digitisation & rights clearance </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 30. <ul><li>3,000 hours of video footage </li></ul><ul><li>Collections include: Gaumont Newsreels, News at Ten, ITN News Reports, Channel 4 News, Reuters archives, Roving Report </li></ul><ul><li>60,000 news stories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+ 25,000 ITN programme scripts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+ unreleased footage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Launched in 2008, no subscription fee, uptake now </li></ul><ul><li>grown to 344 universities & colleges </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>worked with BUFVC who led project for metadata, digitisation and rights clearance </li></ul>
  19. 31. <ul><li>Initially launched in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Getty Images to Sept 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Images for Education from Oct 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Schools service started in 2008 and ran until Sept 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging 88 subscribing universities & colleges </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  20. 32. 1 million image, video and sound resources to discover & use 45 Collections so far 8 Collections so far British Library Archival Sound Recordings
  21. 33. Future activities?
  22. 34. Future activities?
  23. 35. Future activities?
  24. 37. … a rich ecosystem … from food delivered to a one-time wreck
  25. 38. … a rich ecosystem … from food delivered to a one-time wreck Thank you